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Why trade increased

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How trade affected life in the Late Middle Ages

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Why trade increased

  1. 1. Europe’s Late Middle Ages How did the growth of tradechange feudal society in Europe? For better or worse…?
  2. 2. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe?
  3. 3. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe? Trade increased after the Crusades…• Western Europeans traded the goods from Asia along the Mediterranean Sea.• They also traded European resources (minerals, fish, wool, grain, wine, olive oil, etc.)
  4. 4. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe? Trade & towns “helped” each other.• The more people traded, the more they needed a permanent place to trade.
  5. 5. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe?• First there were FAIRS.• They lasted for weeks.• People gathered from far and wide.• They were exciting places: filled with musicians, jugglers, entertainers, and exotic goods.
  6. 6. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe? • Problem: Fairs could not satisfy all the needs of traders & consumers. • When winter came, for example, they had to shut down… or • Sometimes travel to a fair was far & dangerous. • So…
  7. 7. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe?• Towns emerged.• Merchants (like these) and craftspeople (such as weavers & carpenters) had stalls and workshops.
  8. 8. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe? •People started to specialize: bakers, tailors, sword & armour makers, tanners. •So Craft Guilds emerged…• GUILD: an organization that was controlled by the experts in the trade• It set standards for the quality of products• It controlled prices• It kept out unskilled craftspeople
  9. 9. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe?Guilds…• Ran all the trade activity in towns and between towns.• They looked after their members in case of sickness or accident.• Becoming a member was a long & difficult process.
  10. 10. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe? Why is on-the-job Turn to a partner See more training anand discuss how to information on important part of become a master page 179. apprenticeship craftsperson. programs?
  11. 11. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe? Increased trading after the crusadesManor villages
  12. 12. How did the growth of trade change feudal society in Europe?What was life like in medieval towns? 1. Describe their lives… (see page 182). 2. Did people have more or fewer freedoms than life on the manor)?

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