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Research efforts in last two decades have provided us huge amount of genomic information for almost each and every form of life. Bioinformatics is a multidisciplinary research field that combines computer science, biology, statistics and mathematics for the management of biological information. The software and applications used in bioinformatics is used to gather, analyze, store and integrate genetic and biological information which can later be applied to gene based drug developments. Computer diagnostics offers wide opportunities to clinicians and pathologists in detecting difficult to culture pathogenic bacteria and viruses to reveal epidemiology and disease prevalence.