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Epistemology Assessment Methods


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Epistemology Assessment Methods

  1. 1. EpistemologicalInfluences onAssessment Methods Presented by: Amber Garrison March 2, 2012
  2. 2. Epistemology  What is knowledge?  How is knowledge acquired?  What is the way of knowing?  The underpinnings or assumptions about what knowledge is or how it is acquired.  There are multiple ways of knowing and most research focuses on just one.
  3. 3. EpistemologicalContinuum  Objective vs Subjective  Objective- Universal and tangible explanations, one Truth that can be found and generalized to explain  Subjective- socially constructed answers, truth is relative  Order vs Conflict  Order- explain society as it is, create understanding, maintain status quo  Change- purpose is to create understanding to help promote change in society
  4. 4. Influences on TheoryRadical Humanist Change Radical Structuralist Postmod & Poststructure Critical TheorySubjective Feminist Objective Theory Social System Theory Rational Behavior TheoryInterpretive Order Functionalist Burrell & Morgan, 1979
  5. 5. Exploring AlternativeApproaches  Policy is an enactment of values and is not value neutral.  Policy is a means of exerting social control and alternative.  Focus on bias and distribution of power between policymakers and policy targets.  Critical approaches push towards desired change  Pose different research questions  Often use different methodologies  Different role of researcher
  6. 6. Alternative Approaches toPositivism  Critical theory  Focuses attention on structural, ideological and cultural features to understand power  Feminist perspective  Critical, but organized around women’s experiences  Postmodernist  Constructs of reality as situated in specific times and spaces
  7. 7. Critical TheoryAssumptions  Educational policies can institutionalize social inequities by reinforcing dominant social values.  Traditional policy analyses represent incomplete realities and problems  Actions/research should seek to change existing inequalities
  8. 8. Feminist TheoryAssumptions  Place the social construction of gender at the center of inquiry because it is the principle that shapes people’s lives  Analysis of differences, local context, and specificity  Various ideological positions  Liberal, cultural, power and politics, postpositivist, critical feminist
  9. 9. Postmodern Assumptions  Centers on reconceptualizing how we perceive, experience and understand the construction of knowledge  Power influences discourse in construction and dissemination of knowledge  Rejects generalizations  Analysis focuses on multiple forms of data and interpretations
  10. 10. PoststructuralistAssumptions  Attention to language within the research process  The role of the researcher is center to how research conducted  Research results are a construction of the researcher
  11. 11. Assessment Methods QQ Radical Humanist Change Radical Structuralistu u Postmod & aa Poststructure nl ti Critical Theoryt Subjective Feminist Objective i Theory Social System Theory ta Rational Behavior at Theory ti iv Interpretive Order Functionalist ve Burrell & Morgan, 1979 e
  12. 12. Assessment Methods  Qualitative  Participants describe in their own words, not generalizable  Open-ended questions, focus groups, interviews, document analysis  Quantitative  Measurement of constructs, generalizable  Survey, existing data set