Possessive adjectives short and long

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Possessive adjectives short and long

  1. 1. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Possessive adjectives
  2. 2. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Showing Possession • In Spanish there are NO apostrophes. • You cannot say, for example, Jorge’s dog, (using an apostrophe)
  3. 3. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Showing Posession • You must say, “The dog of Jorge,” only in Spanish. • Like this: El perro de Jorge.
  4. 4. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 De + noun • This concept of showing possession is using “de + noun.” For example: Tengo el cuaderno de Felipe.
  5. 5. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Showing possession w/adjectives… • We can use adjectives to show possession just as we do in English. • Possessive adjectives in English: – my, your, his, her, our and their. • In Spanish the possessive adjectives must match the noun in number & gender. • Unlike English, Spanish has two forms of possessive adjectives: – a short form that is used before nouns – and a long form that is used after nouns.
  6. 6. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Short Form—before noun • Possessive adjectives show ownership or relationships between people. Owner Owner yo mi libro nosotros(as) nuestro libro/nuestra casa mis libros nuestros libros/nuestras casas tú tu libro tus libros usted ustedes su libro su libro él ellos sus libros sus libros ella ellas
  7. 7. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Gender and number agreement • While possessive adjectives refer to the owner, their form agrees in gender and number with the noun that comes after them. refers to agrees grammatically Martín vive con sus abuelos. Carlos y yo vivimos con nuestra abuela.
  8. 8. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Long Form—after noun • Possessive adjectives show ownership or relationships between people. Owner Owner yo mío, mía nosotros nuestro, nuestra míos, mías nuestros, nuestras tú tuyo, tuya tuyos, tuyas usted ustedes suyo, suya suyo, suya él ellos suyos, suyas suyos, suyas ella ellas
  9. 9. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Long form—ejemplos • Change to the long form: mío – Mi blusa suyo – su vestido mía – Tus camisas – Nuestros libros La blusa mía El vestido suyo Las camisas tuyas Los libros nuestros
  10. 10. En casa con la familia Gramática 1 Just a note… • As you may have noticed, the short form and long forms of nuestro are identical. They differ only as to whether they are used before or after the noun.

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