GeographyThis region is situated in Italys north east and borders Slovenia and Austria.Friuli Venezia Giulia overlooks the Adriatic Sea and is surrounded by high mountains, enclosing many different landscapes. It has an area of 7,858 km² andabout 1.2 million inhabitants.
The provinces of the region are: Trieste (regional capital), Gorizia, Pordenon e, Udine.
From its boundary with Veneto up to Monfalcone, the coast is trimmed with lagoons and has long sandy beaches.The coast is rocky, rather, from Monfalcone to Trieste .
The Roman origin is visible over all the territoryCividale del Friuli became the capital of the first Lombard Dukedom in Italy; the Franks, arriving two centuries later, favoured the growth of the church of Aquileia.The patriarchate of Aquileia, created in 1077, is the largest diocese of the late-medieval Christian West
It was the land of Friuli that became Venetian territory in 1420, while Trieste and Gorizia remained under the Austrian Empire.The enlightened policy of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries encouraged economic flourishing, making Trieste the port of the Empire.
buildings importan t places andThe impressive Carso plateau is formed by windswept rocks, and soil erosion has created a series of caves, hollows and resurgences over time.
"Imagine a vast limestone plateau, varying in height from 700 to 2,500 feet, which is as treeless and waterless as the deserts of Chihuahua, as desolate and forbidding as the Dakota Bad Lands, with a surface as torn and twisted and jagged as the lava beds of Utah, and with a summer climate like that of Death Valley in July. That is the Carso." E. Alexander Powell War correspondent
Miramare Castle, built by Archduke Maximilian of Austria in Trieste.
Miramare CastleThe Castle of Miramare and its Park were built by order of Ferdinand Maximilian of HapsburgThe style reflects the architectural style of the time which was mainly eclectic: Gothic, Medieval and Renaissance models combined in a remarkable blendThe craftsman Franz Hofmann and his son, Julius, were entrusted with the furnishing and decorations
n columns in AquileiaAn cient Roma Aquileia is an ancient Roman city in Italy. It was large and prominent in Antiquity, and is one of the main archeological sites of Northern Italy.
Important PeopleLudovico Manin, last Doge of VeniceSt. Chromatius of Aquileia, (died 407) bishop of Aquileia, theologianCarlo Rubbia (1934-), physicist and Noble prize winner
Lud ovico Manin Ludovico Manin (14 May 1725 – 24 October 1802) was the last Doge of Venice. He governed Venice from 9 March 1789 until 1797, when he was forced to abdicate by Napoleon Bonaparte.
ChromatiusSaint Chromatius (d. ca. 406/407) was a bishop of Aquileia.He became a priest of that church and about 387 or 388. He was one of the most celebrated prelates of his time.
Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia Knight Grand Cross (born on 31 March 1934) is an Italian particle physicist and inventor who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984 with Simon van der Meer for work leading to the discovery of the W and Z particles.
LanguageFriulan is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaeto-Romance family, spoken in the Friuli region of northeastern Italy.In the provinces of Udine, Gorizia and Trieste, a number of Slovene dialects are spoken along the border with Slovenia.
The first texts in Friulan date back to the 13th century and are mainly commercial or juridical acts.The second important period for Friulan literature is the 16th century. The main author of this period was Ermes di Colorêt, who composed over 200 poems.
Today, Friulan is spoken in the province of Udine including the area of the Carnia Alps, but widely throughout the province of Pordenone, in half of the province of Gorizia, and in the eastern part of the province of Venice.
Cuisine"The cooking traditions Friuli Venezia Giulia are influenced by the Slavic, central European and Venetian cultures. The cuisine relies on simple recipes and genuine ingredients: meat, dairy, sausages and legumes, used to create tasty specialties."("italia.it")
Cuisine Polenta is coarsely or finely ground yellow or white maizeProsciutto of San Danielestands out from otherItalian hams for itsunique processing, whichdoesnt involve removingthe trotter.
Montasio cheese is made with milk from two milkings, mixed with veal rennet. Gubana is made with leavened dough and containing a filling of walnuts, hazelnuts, pine- kernels, sultanas and crushed macaroon biscuits.
Friuli is also known for its high-quality red and white wines, like Refosco, Terrano, Malvasia, Tocai and Rebula