Your First Week on Amazon Web Services


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Learn how to use Amazon Web Services (AWS). This "how-to" session will cover the basics to get started with AWS. After a brief overview, this session will dive into discussions of core AWS services and provide demonstrations of how to set up and utilize those services. Demonstrations and discussions will include:
- Setting up and connecting to your first Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) virtual machine
- How to backup and restore your virtual machine instance
- How to set an email alert for changes in your virtual machine instance
- How to upload files to Amazon's Simple Storage Service (S3) and make them publicly available on the Internet

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Your First Week on Amazon Web Services

  1. 1. © 2014, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of, Inc. Getting Started with AWS Matt Yanchyshyn July 10th, 2014
  2. 2. Let’s Get Started: We’ll learn how to: – Set up an AWS account – Create an IAM user and enable MFA – Create SSH key pairs (used to log into your instances) – Create a Security Group (firewall) – Start an EC2 instance (virtual machine) – Connect to your EC2 instance – Use S3 (Internet connected storage) – Create a CloudWatch alarm – Backup and restore your EC2 instance – Visualize AWS costs and set spending alerts
  3. 3. Free tier • Includes most of the AWS services • Available for all new account • Good for one year from the day the account is created • Everything we show today can be done within the free tier • More details at
  4. 4. Sign Up • Sign up though • You need a credit card • There will be a phone verification
  5. 5. Demo: signing-up for AWS
  6. 6. Creating IAM Users Using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), you can create and manage AWS users and groups. You can control what resources each user has access to so you can avoid overly permissive accounts.
  7. 7. Enabling MFA AWS allows you to require multi-factor authentication for your users through physical or software-based single use login tokens to thwart stolen passwords and key loggers as an attack vector.
  8. 8. Demo: creating an IAM user & enabling MFA
  9. 9. Creating your SSH Key • SSH stands for Secure Shell • SSH keys are used for secured access to EC2 (Linux) • SSH keys avoid password weaknesses • Can import your own or use AWS created keys
  10. 10. Demo: creating SSH keys
  11. 11. Creating a Security Group • Security Groups are firewalls for your instances • By default, the Security Group blocks everything • Choose which protocols & ports are open – Can use port ranges (e.g. 22-24) • Choose which addresses the ports are open to – Uses CIDR rules for IP address access – (use /32 for allowing a single address)
  12. 12. Demo: creating a security group
  13. 13. Start a New Instance • Instances are virtual machines running in the cloud • You have full control of the instance and can install any software that you choose • In this process, you define what kind of machine you want (processing power, HD space, etc.) • You will need: – A Key Pair to connect to your instance via SSH – A Security Group to put your instance in
  14. 14. Demo: starting an EC2 instance
  15. 15. S3 • S3 is Amazon’s Simple Storage Service • Store and retrieve almost any amount of data: 1 Byte to 5 Terabytes • Highly scalable and durable – Regular S3 has 99.999999999% durability – Reduced Redundancy Storage (RRS) offers 99.99% durability at discount • Encryption available – At rest and for ingest/delivery • Storage is isolated by AWS Region • Object-level permissions • Easily Accessible – Web (HTTP/HTTPS), P2P (BitTorrent) & APIs (REST & SOAP)
  16. 16. Demo: using S3
  17. 17. Connecting to EC2 Instances • SSH is used to connect to Linux – There is a Java-based terminal available in the EC2 Console – Linux/OSX: Terminal – Windows: PuTTY – Note: If you are using an Linux distribution that has a GUI, you can use a remote GUI tool like VNC • Remote Desktop is used to connect to Windows – Windows: MSTSC (Microsoft Terminal Services Client) – Linux/OSX: 2X client – Note: you can also use Remote PowerShell or a 3rd party shell extension with Windows.
  18. 18. Connecting to a Linux Instance from Linux/OSX • Open a terminal window • ssh -i {ssh private key location} ec2- user@{public DNS name}
  19. 19. Connecting to a Linux Instance from Windows • Download/Install PuTTY – • Convert .pem file to .ppk with PuTTYgen • Create a connection in PuTTY
  20. 20. Connecting to a Windows Instance from Windows • Open a Remote Desktop connection • Windows + r or start and then the “run” option • mstsc /v:{EC2 instance public DNS Name}
  21. 21. Demo: connecting to a Linux EC2 Instance from Windows
  22. 22. Demo: connecting to an instance from AWS Management Console
  23. 23. CloudWatch • CloudWatch provides monitoring information for your EC2 instances • CloudWatch allows you to specify actions to take when a condition is met – Example 1: Send an email when CPU Utilization >80% for 5 minutes – Example 2: Add another machine to an Auto-Scaling Group if Average Disk Read IOPS across an Auto-Scaling Group exceeds 500 – Example 3: Remove a machine from an Auto-Scaling Group if Network input drops below 2,000 Bytes
  24. 24. Demo: creating a CloudWatch alarm
  25. 25. Additional Information • CloudWatch works with Auto Scaling • When you have defined an Auto-Scaling Group, CloudWatch Alarms can be used to increase and decrease the resources in the Auto-Scaling Group
  26. 26. Elastic Block Storage • Elastic Block Storage (EBS) is block level storage for EC2 instances (think HDD) • EBS volumes can be removed and re-attached • Custom volume sizes from 1TB – 1 GB (RAID for larger) • Use Provisioned IOPS for predictable I/O
  27. 27. Demo: backing up an EBS volume
  28. 28. Restoring a Snapshot / Creating an AMI • AMIs are Amazon Machine Images • AMIs are bootable versions of a snapshot (backup) • AMIs are private, but you can choose to share them with others
  29. 29. Demo: creating an AMI & restoring a snapshot
  30. 30. AWS Billing and Cost Management • Several features to help you monitor costs and visualize your AWS spend: – Cost Explorer – Alerts on Spending Limits – Detailed Billing Reports – Consolidated Billing
  31. 31. Demo: AWS Account billing console
  32. 32. Summary • We covered: – Set up an AWS account – Create an IAM user and enable MFA – Create SSH key pairs (used to log into your instances) – Create a Security Group (firewall) – Start an EC2 instance (virtual machine) – Connect to your EC2 instance – Use S3 (Internet connected storage) – Create a CloudWatch alarm – Backup and restore your EC2 instance – Visualize AWS costs and set spending alerts
  33. 33. Thank you!