Understanding AWS Security


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The AWS cloud infrastructure has been architected to be one of the most flexible and secure cloud computing environments available today. In this session, we’ll provide a practical understanding of the assurance programs that AWS provides; such as HIPAA, FedRAMP(SM), PCI DSS Level 1, MPAA, and many others. We’ll also address the types of business solutions that these certifications enable you to deploy on the AWS Cloud, as well as the tools and services AWS makes available to customers to secure and manage their resources.

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Understanding AWS Security

  1. 1. © 2014 Amazon.com, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of Amazon.com, Inc. Understanding AWS Security Stephen Schmidt Vice President, Security Engineering & Chief Information Security Officer
  2. 2. Different customer viewpoints on security: • CEO: protect shareholder value • PR exec: keep out of the news • CI{S}O: preserve the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data
  3. 3. AWS Viewpoint on Security Art Science
  4. 4. Security is Our No.1 Priority Comprehensive Security Capabilities to Support Virtually Any Workload
  5. 5. AWS Cloud Security “Based on our experience, I believe that we can be even more secure in the AWS cloud than in our own data centers.” -Tom Soderstrom, CTO, NASA JPL
  6. 6. AWS Security Offers Customers More Visibility Auditability Control
  7. 7. Visibility – In the AWS cloud, see your entire infrastructure at the click of a mouse – Can you map your current network?
  8. 8. AWS Security Delivers More Auditability • Consistent, regular, exhaustive 3rd party evaluations with commonly understood results
  9. 9. IDC Survey Attitudes and Perceptions Around Security and Cloud Services Nearly 60% of organizations agreed that CSPs [cloud service providers] provide better security than their own IT organizations. Source: IDC 2013 U.S. Cloud Security Survey, doc #242836, September 2013
  10. 10. Visibility • Logs == one component of visibility – Obtain – Retain – Analyze
  11. 11. AWS CloudTrail You are making API calls... On a growing set of services around the world… CloudTrail is continuously recording API calls… And delivering log files to you
  12. 12. Use cases enabled by CloudTrail • Security Analysis  Use log files as an input into log management and analysis solutions to perform security analysis and to detect user behavior patterns. • Track Changes to AWS Resources  Track creation, modification, and deletion of AWS resources such as Amazon EC2 instances, Amazon VPC security groups and Amazon EBS volumes. • Troubleshoot Operational Issues  Quickly identify the most recent changes made to resources in your environment. • Compliance Aid  Easier to demonstrate compliance with internal policies and regulatory standards.
  13. 13. What is AWS CloudTrail? • CloudTrail records API calls in your account and delivers a log file to your S3 bucket. • Typically, delivers an event within 15 minutes of the API call. • Log files are delivered approximately every 5 minutes. • Multiple partners offer integrated solutions to analyze log files. Image Source: Jeff Barr
  14. 14. Control • Defense in Depth – Multi level security • Physical security of the data centers • Network security • System security • Data security
  15. 15. Control • AWS Staff Access – Staff vetting – Staff has no logical access to customer instances
  16. 16. Control • AWS Staff Access – Staff control-plane access limited & monitored • Bastion hosts • Least privileged model
  17. 17. Control • AWS Staff Access – Need to know – Zoned data center access • Business needs • Separate PAMS
  18. 18. Control • Change management – Continuous operation • Data destruction – Storage media destroyed before being permitted outside our datacenters – Media destruction consistent with US Dept. of Defense Directive 5220.22
  19. 19. Control • Shared Responsibility – Let AWS do the heavy lifting – Focus on your business • AWS • Facility operations • Physical Security • Physical Infrastructure • Network Infrastructure • Virtualization Infrastructure • Hardware lifecycle management • Customer • Choice of Guest OS • Application Configuration Options • Account Management flexibility • Security Groups • ACLs • Identity Management
  20. 20. Control • Your data stays where you put it Australia
  21. 21. Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) • Create a logically isolated environment in Amazon’s highly scalable infrastructure • Specify your private IP address range into one or more public or private subnets • Control inbound and outbound access to and from individual subnets using stateless Network Access Control Lists • Protect your Instances with stateful filters for inbound and outbound traffic using Security Groups • Attach an Elastic IP address to any instance in your VPC so it can be reached directly from the Internet • Bridge your VPC and your onsite IT infrastructure with an industry standard encrypted VPN connection and/or AWS Direct Connect • Use a wizard to easily create your VPC in 4 different topologies
  22. 22. Control • Encryption – Customers choose the solution that’s right for them • Regulatory • Contractual • Best-practices – Options • Automated – AWS manages encryption for the customer • Enabled – customer manages encryption using AWS services • Client-side – customer manages encryption using their own means
  23. 23. AWS Security Delivers More Control & Granularity Customize the implementation based on your business needs AWS CloudHSM Defense in depth Rapid scale for security Automated checks with AWS Trusted Advisor Fine grained access controls Server side encryption Multi Factor authentication Dedicated instances Direct connection, Storage Gateway HSM-based key storage AWS IAM Amazon VPC AWS Direct Connect AWS Storage Gateway
  24. 24. Control AWS CloudHSM • Managed and monitored by AWS, but you control the keys • Increase performance for applications that use HSMs for key storage or encryption • Comply with stringent regulatory and contractual requirements for key protection EC2 Instance AWS CloudHSM AWS CloudHSM
  25. 25. Control • SSO Federation using SAML – Support for SAML 2.0 – Use existing SAML identity providers to access AWS Resources • You don’t have to add additional software! – AWS Management Console SSO • New sign-in URL – https://signin.aws.amazon.com/SAML?Token=<yourdatahere> – API federation using new assumeRoleWithSAML API
  26. 26. DynamoDB Fine Grained Access Control • Directly and securely access application data in DynamoDB • Specify access permissions at table, item and attribute levels • With Web Identity Federation, completely remove the need for proxy servers to perform authorization
  27. 27. More New Security Features! Control access to & encryption of your data • Elastic Load Balancing – Perfect Forward Secrecy – Server Order Preference – Predefined Security Policies • Powerful integrated permissions – Resource level permissions: EC2, RDS, DynamoDB, CloudFormation – Enhanced IAM support: SWF, EMR, Storage Gateway, CloudFormation, Redshift, Elastic Beanstalk • AWS Marketplace – 1-Click Launch into VPC • Appliances from: – Checkpoint – Cisco – Citrix – Riverbed – Silverpeak – Sophos – And many more…
  28. 28. © 2014 Amazon.com, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of Amazon.com, Inc. Understanding AWS Security Stephen Schmidt Vice President, Security Engineering & Chief Information Security Officer Thank you!