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(MBL205) New! Everything You Want to Know About AWS IoT

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AWS IoT is a new managed service that enables Internet-connected things (sensors, actuators, devices, and applications) to easily and securely interact with each other and the cloud. In this session, we will discuss how constrained devices can leverage AWS IoT to send data to the cloud and receive commands back to the device from the cloud using protocol of their choice. We will discuss how devices can connect securely connect using MQTT, HTTP protocols and how can developers and businesses leverage several features of AWS IoT Rules Engine, Thing Shadow to build a real connected product. You don't want to miss this session if you are a maker or manufacturer of a connected device. We have a cool giveaway for you at the end of the session!

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(MBL205) New! Everything You Want to Know About AWS IoT

  1. 1. © 2015, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its Affiliates. All rights reserved. Kyle Roche | Jinesh Varia @kyleroche | @jinman MBL205 Everything You Want to Know About AWS IoT
  2. 2. Things Are Becoming Connected Now Not too long from now Soon After Source: Pretty much everyone
  3. 3. Hello World!
  4. 4. State of Acceleration / Growth Invention Refinement Traction
  5. 5. Source: Patrick Bergel @ ThingMonk 2014 based on research by Ingo Althöfer
  6. 6. Hello Again!
  7. 7. Building Blocks for Innovation in IoT
  8. 8. AWS IoT Makes Things Smarter “A 10 year old product can do things that hadn’t been invented 10 years ago. Most importantly, going forward, people will expect your product to improve, and if it isn’t being updated and getting better, you’re literally being left behind.”
  9. 9. How can we escape the spin cycle? Many SDKs & Tools Alternate Protocols Scalability & Noise/Signal Security & Management Integration with Cloud and Mobile Apps and Analytics
  10. 10. AWS IoT “Securely connect one or one billion devices to AWS, so they can interact with applications and other devices”
  11. 11. AWS IoT DEVICE SDK Set of client libraries to connect, authenticate and exchange messages DEVICE GATEWAY Communicate with devices via MQTT and HTTP AUTHENTICATION AUTHORIZATION Secure with mutual authentication and encryption RULES ENGINE Transform messages based on rules and route to AWS Services AWS Services - - - - - 3P Services DEVICE SHADOW Persistent thing state during intermittent connections APPLICATIONS AWS IoT API DEVICE REGISTRY Identity and Management of your things
  12. 12. AWS IoT Message Broker DEVICE GATEWAY Communicate with devices via MQTT and HTTP
  13. 13. AWS IoT Device Gateway Standard Protocol Support (no lock-in) Millions of devices and apps can connect over any protocol starting with MQTT and HTTP 1.1 Powerful Pub/Sub Broker with Long- lived bi-directional messages Clients (Devices and Apps) can receive commands and control signals from the cloud Secure by Default Connect securely via X509 Certs and TLS 1.2 Client Mutual Auth Topic Based Architecture (lights/thing-2/color) Highly Scalable Device Gateway
  14. 14. AWS IoT Message Broker : Managed Service Highly Scalable Device Gateway Millions of devices sending billions of messages Subscribers Publishers
  15. 15. AWS IoT Security: Authentication and Authorization AUTHENTICATION Secure with mutual authentication and encryption AUTHENTICATION AUTHORIZATION Secure with mutual authentication and encryption
  16. 16. One Service, Two Protocols MQTT + Mutual Auth TLS AWS Auth + HTTPS Server Auth TLS + Cert TLS + Cert Client Auth TLS + Cert AWS API Keys Confidentiality TLS TLS Protocol MQTT HTTP Identification AWS ARNs AWS ARNs Authorization AWS Policy AWS Policy NEW
  17. 17. Mutual Auth TLS
  18. 18. Provisioning and Security Secure Communications with Things - Single API call to CreateKeysAndCertificate() - Client Generated CreateCertificateFromCSR(CSR) Fine-grained Authorization for: Thing Management Pub/Sub Data Access AWS Service Access { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": ["iot:Publish"], "Resource": ["arn:aws:iot:us-east- 1:123456972007:topic/foo"] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": ["iot:Subscribe"], "Resource": ["arn:aws:iot:us-east- 1:123456972007:topicfilter/foo/bar/*"] }]}
  19. 19. AWS IoT Rules Engine RULES ENGINE Transform messages based on rules and route to AWS Services
  20. 20. Simple & Familiar Syntax - SQL Statement to define topic filter - Optional WHERE clause - Advanced JSON support Functions improve signal : noise - String manipulation (regex support) - Mathematical operations - Context based helper functions - Crypto support - UUID, Timestamp, rand, etc. AWS IoT Rules Engine Basics SELECT * FROM ‘things/thing-2/color’ WHERE color = ‘red’
  21. 21. AWS IoT Rules Engine’s Flexibility SELECT *, clientId() as MQTTClientId FROM 'one/rule' WHERE startsWith(topic(2), 'IME33') AND (state = 'INIT' OR hydro_temp > surface_temp)", "actions": [{ "republish": { "topic": "controllers/${substring(topic(3), 3, 5)}", }]
  22. 22. AWS IoT Rules Engine Complex Evaluations Respond to the fleet, not just a single unit. Dozens of functions() available Multiple / Simultaneous Actions Sometimes a situation requires you to take many actions
  23. 23. AWS IoT Rules Engine Actions RULES ENGINE Transform messages based on rules and route to AWS Services AWS Services - - - - - 3P Services AWS Services - - - - - 3P Services
  24. 24. 1. AWS Services (Direct Integration) Rules Engine Actions AWS IoT Rules Engine AWS Lambda Amazon SNS Amazon SQS Amazon S3 Amazon Kinesis Amazon DynamoDB Amazon RDS Amazon Redshift Amazon Glacier Amazon EC2 3. External Endpoints (via Lambda and SNS) Rules Engine connects AWS IoT to External Endpoints and AWS Services. 2. Rest of AWS (via Amazon Kinesis, AWS Lambda, Amazon S3, and more)
  25. 25. AWS IoT Rules Engine Actions Rules Engine evaluates inbound messages published into AWS IoT, transforms and delivers to the appropriate endpoint based on business rules. External endpoints can be reached via Lambda and Simple Notification Service (SNS). Invoke a Lambda function Put object in an S3 bucket Insert, Update, Read from a DynamoDB table Publish to an SNS Topic or Endpoint Publish to an Amazon Kinesis stream Actions Amazon Kinesis Firehose Republish to AWS IoT
  26. 26. AWS IoT Rules Engine & Amazon SNS Push Notifications Apple APNS Endpoint, Google GCM Endpoint, Amazon ADM Endpoint, Windows WNS Amazon SNS -> HTTP Endpoint (Or SMS or Email) Call HTTP based 3rd party endpoints through SNS with subscription and retry support SNS 2
  27. 27. AWS IoT Button - “Hello World” of AWS IoT • Based on the Amazon dash button hardware (Stateless Wi-Fi Button) • Code in the Cloud; no device specific code or flashing required • Learn Rules, Shadows and Topics Build Cool Stuff
  28. 28. You already have competition! Call an Uber cab Order pizza Start a car Poke someone on Facebook “Like” something on Facebook Mayday button Tweet Something Call customer service Slack it Approve Expense reports Count things Track Things
  29. 29. AWS IoT Mega Contest by Hackster.io Step 1: Go to Hackster.io/Challenges (AWS) Step 2: Submit your idea (by 11/8) Step 3: Submit your project (by 1/8)
  30. 30. AWS IoT to AWS Lambda to and External Endpoint Lambda Function Rules Engine PolicyPrivate Key & Certificate Thing/Device Rule SDK AWS IoT AWS Services Execution Role Policy External Endpoint Permission Select * from ‘iotbutton/+’ Action
  31. 31. Demo: AWS IoT Button Publish
  32. 32. AWS IoT to Amazon DynamoDB to Dashboard DynamoDB Table Rules Engine PolicyPrivate Key & Certificate Thing/Device Rule SDK AWS IoT AWS Services Policy Dashboard IAM Role Select * from ‘iotbutton/+’ Action DynamoDB S3 Website
  33. 33. Demo: AWS IoT Button Dashboard
  34. 34. AWS IoT Thing Shadow THING SHADOW Persistent thing state during intermittent connections SHADOW Persistent thing state during intermittent connections APPLICATIONS
  35. 35. AWS IoT Thing Shadow Shadow
  36. 36. AWS IoT Shadow Flow Shadow Device SDK 1. Device Publishes Current State 2. Persist JSON Data Store 3. App requests device’s current state 4. App requests change the state 5. Device Shadow sync’s updated state 6. Device Publishes Current State 7. Device Shadow confirms state change AWS IoT
  37. 37. AWS IoT Device Shadow - Simple Yet Powerful { "state" : { “desired" : { "lights": { "color": "RED" }, "engine" : "ON" }, "reported" : { "lights" : { "color": "GREEN" }, "engine" : "ON" }, "delta" : { "lights" : { "color": "RED" } } }, "version" : 10 } Thing Report its current state to one or multiple shadows Retrieve its desired state from shadow Mobile App Set the desired state of a device Get the last reported state of the device Delete the shadow Shadow Shadow reports delta, desired and reported states along with metadata and version
  38. 38. AWS IoT Device Shadow Topics (MQTT) Thing SDK (C-SDK, JS-SDK) makes it easy for you build shadow functionality into your device so it can automatically synchronize the state with the device. AWS IoT Thing Shadow UPDATE: $aws/things/{thingName}/shadow/update DELTA: $aws/things/{thingName}/shadow/update/delta GET: $aws/things/{thingName}/shadow/get DELETE: $aws/things/{thingName}/shadow/delete Sensor Reported Desired Delta LED1 RED YELLOW LED1 = Yellow TEMP = 60F ACCEL X=1,Y=5,Z=4 X=1,Y=5,Z=4 TEMP 83F 60F
  39. 39. AWS IoT Button to Device Shadow Thing Shadow Android App HTTP Publish UpdateThingShadow() Desired: Purple, Yellow, Green “p,y,g” Reported: Blue, White, Cyan “b,w,c” GetThingShadow()
  40. 40. Demo: AWS IoT Button Device Shadow
  41. 41. AWS IoT Registry THING REGISTRY Identity and Management of your things REGISTRY Identity and Management of your things
  42. 42. AWS IoT Registry • Static attributes associated to Thing • Firmware version • Serial Numbers • Device Type • Device Group • Device Description • Sensor description • Support and Maintenance • Reference Manual URL • Part # reference • Reference to external support system
  43. 43. AWS IoT – Device Management S3 Holds Versioned Firmware Distributions Organize and secure your firmware binaries in S3 Message Broker notifies groups of the fleet using Topic Patterns Alert the fleet (or part of it) of the update, and send the URL to the S3 download Firmware Update Stored in S3 Publish to groups of devices • Ability to update global or within a Region • Rules Engine keeps state of updates and tracks progress in a DynamoDB Table • Store Version in Registry Entry
  44. 44. AWS IoT DEVICE SDK Set of client libraries to connect, authenticate and exchange messages DEVICE GATEWAY Communicate with devices via MQTT and HTTP AUTHENTICATION AUTHORIZATION Secure with mutual authentication and encryption RULES ENGINE Transform messages based on rules and route to AWS Services AWS Services - - - - - 3P Services DEVICE SHADOW Persistent thing state during intermittent connections APPLICATIONS AWS IoT API DEVICE REGISTRY Identity and Management of your things
  45. 45. Simple Pay as you go and Predictable Pricing • Pay as you go. No minimum fees • $5 per million messages published to, or delivered in US East (N. Virginia), US West (Oregon), EU (Ireland) $8 in Asia Pacific (Tokyo) AWS IoT Free Tier 250,000 Messages Per Month Free for first 12 Months
  46. 46. Pricing Example 100 sensors * 30 days * 24 hours * 60 minutes = 4.38 million messages 1 meter * 100 readings * 30 days * 24 hours * 60 minutes = 4.38 million messages 100 Sensors: Publishing 1x/minute DynamoDB Table: Receives all Sensor Data Metering Unit: Receives all Sensor Data 1 table * 100 readings * 30 days * 24 hours * 60 minutes = 4.38 million messages 4.38 million publishes from sensors: 4.38 * $5 = $21.90 4.38 million deliveries to a metering unit: 4.38 * $5 = $21.90 4.38 million deliveries to DynamoDB: $0 AWS IoT
  47. 47. Get Started with AWS IoT Device SDK C-SDK (Ideal for embedded OS) JS-SDK (Ideal for Embedded Linux Platforms) Arduino Library (Arduino Yun) Mobile SDK (Android and iOS)
  48. 48. Launching AWS IoT Hardware Program The AWS IoT Hardware Program helps AWS customers build connected products using any hardware platform. IoT Hardware Partners reduce the time to market and improve customer experiences by providing necessary tools, SDKs and sensors to connect their devices to AWS. The program is designed for partners that provide hardware (semiconductors, connectivity modules, sensors, actuators) to customers and are interested in connecting their hardware platform to AWS.
  49. 49. Official IoT Starter Kits, Powered by AWS
  50. 50. Official IoT Starter Kits on Variety of Platforms Broadcom WICED BCM4343W On Threadx/Netx Marvell EZConnect MW302 On FreeRTOS Renasas RX63N On Micrium OS TI CC3200 On TI-RTOS Microchip WCM PIC32 Platform Intel Edison on Yocto Linux Mediatek LinkOne on Linkit OS Dragonboard 410c on Ubuntu Seeeduino Arduino on openWRT Beaglebone Green on Debian
  51. 51. AWS IoT Always Growing Ecosystem Partners IoT Systems Integrators IoT Communication IoT Management Platform IoT Analytics PlatformIoT Operating Systems
  52. 52. Anyone can now build a device quickly and scale AWS IoT Device Gateway Rules Engine Device Shadow Registry Security Easy to get started AWS IoT Device SDK AWS IoT Button Hackster Contest Free Tier Partners and Ecosystem AWS IoT Starter Kits AWS IoT Partners Still incomplete
  53. 53. You don’t want to miss these deep dive sessions MBL311 AWS IoT Security - Palazzo A 1:30 PM MBL312 Rules and Shadow - Palazzo A 2:45 PM MBL313 Devices SDK and Kits - Palazzo A 4:15 PM MBL303 Mobile Devices and IoT - Delfino 4005 4:15 PM MBL203 Devices in Motion - Delfino 4005 Friday 10:15 AM MBL305 IoT Data and Analytics - Delfino 4005 Friday 11:30
  54. 54. We can’t wait to see what you invent with AWS IoT Step 1: Go to Hackster.io/Challenges (AWS) Step 2: Submit your idea (by 11/8) Step 3: Submit your project (by 1/8)
  55. 55. Thank you! Kyle Roche @kyleroche Jinesh Varia @jinman
  56. 56. Remember to complete your evaluations!

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