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© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Going Deep on Amazon Aurora
Serverless
Anoop Gupta
Software Development Manager
Amazon Web Services
D A T 4 2 7 R
Alexey Kuznetsov
Sr. Software Development Engineer
Amazon Web Services
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Agenda
• Amazon RDS & Aurora fundamentals
• What is Amazon Aurora Serverless?
• How it works
• Q&A
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Amazon RDS is . . .
Cloud native engine Open source engines Commercial engines
RDS platform
• Automatic fail-over
• Backup & recovery
• X-region replication
• Isolation & security
• Industry compliance
• Automated patching
• Advanced monitoring
• Routine maintenance
• Push-button scaling
Image credit: By Mackphillips - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=55946550
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Amazon Aurora is . . .. . .
Cloud native engine Open source engines Commercial engines
RDS platform
• Automatic fail-over
• Backup & recovery
• X-region replication
• Isolation & security
• Industry compliance
• Automated patching
• Advanced monitoring
• Routine maintenance
• Push-button scaling
Image credit: By Mackphillips - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=55946550
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Amazon Aurora - databases reimagined for the cloud
Speed and availability of high-end commercial databases
Simplicity and cost-effectiveness of open source databases
Drop-in compatibility with MySQL and PostgreSQL
Simple pay as you go pricing
Delivered as a fully managed service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Availability zone 1
Region
Availability zone 2 Availability zone 3
Scale-out, distributed, multi-tenant design . . .
Purpose-built log-structured,
distributed storage
Shared storage volume
Storage nodes with SSDs
Master
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
Reader
5
Reader
9
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
Reader
1
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
Reader
8
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
Reader
15
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
… … …
10GiB stripes
Master and up to 15 Readers
all point to the same storage
6-way replication, 2 per AZ
Quorums survive AZ+1 failure
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Availability zone 1
Region
Availability zone 2 Availability zone 3
With provisioned Aurora, you size the master yourself
Shared storage volume
Storage nodes with SSDs
Master
SQL
Transaction
s
Caching
Size for the peak load
-or-
Continuously monitor and
manually scale up/down
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Aurora Serverless . . .
Responds to your application automatically
• Start up
• Shut down
• Scale capacity
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Real world examples…
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
You have some choices to make . . .
Provision for peak
Continuously monitor and
manually scale up/down
-or-
Expensive
Hard
• Requires experts
• Risks outages
Provision less than peak End-user (business) impact
-or-
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Master
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Original master Scale-up target
Add a scale-up target
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Original master New master
Cutover
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Original master New master
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Original master Scale-up target
Add a proxy, shield the application
from connection changesProxy
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
New scale-up target
Proxy
New master
Cutover
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Database capacity management – is hard
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
New scale-up target
Proxy
New master
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Aurora Serverless . . .
Responds to your application load automatically
• Scale capacity with no downtime
• Multi-tenant proxy is highly available
• Scale target has warm buffer pool
• Shuts down when not in use
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How does it work . . .
Availability zone 1
Region
App
Shared distributed storage volume
Multi-tenant proxy layer
Warm-pool of Aurora instances
Monitoring service
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Simpler experience: Less to worry about
• No CPU credits to monitor
• No commitment to particular availability zone
• No migrations between instance type generations
• No DB instance reservations to manage
• No instances to manage
• Encryption at REST is always enabled
• No need to manually suspend and resume database
• No DNS propagation delays
• No maintenance window
• No old database versions to upgrade
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Introducing Amazon Relational Database Service Data API
• Simple web service protocol for database access
• SQL statements packaged as HTTP requests
• Access your database from Lambda and AppSync
• Access your database from the AWS SDK & CLI
Data API Service
Aurora Serverless
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Introducing RDS Console Query Editor
• Access your database from
AWS Management Console
• No database client application
or terminal required
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Aurora Serverless – for PostgreSQL
Now in preview, sign-up today:
https://pages.awscloud.com/amazon
-aurora-postgresql-serverless-
preview.html
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Aurora Serverless – more regions
• Aurora Serverless newly available
in:
• Seoul
• Singapore
• Sydney
• Mumbai
• N. California
• London, Paris
• Frankfurt
• Central Canada
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Related breakouts
Thursday, November 29th
Accelerate Database Development and Testing with Amazon Aurora
11:30 a.m. - 1:45 p.m. | Mirage, Mirage Event Center C3
Thursday, November 29th
Accelerate Your Analytic Queries with Amazon Aurora Parallel Query
4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. | Venetian, Level 2, Veronese 2406
Thursday, November 29th
Build on Amazon Aurora with MySQL Compatibility
4:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. | Mirage, Grand Ballroom B, Table 7
Thank you!
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Anoop Gupta
gupanoop@amazon.com
Alexey Kuznetsov
alexey@amazon.com
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
How to migrate?
To Aurora MySQL
To Aurora Serverless
for MySQL
Restore from snapshot ✓ ✓
Dump & load ✓ ✓
AWS Data Migration Service ✓ ✓
Transaction log replication ✓ ✗
Restore from Amazon S3 ✓ ✓*
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Availability
Aurora MySQL
(Multi-AZ)
Aurora MySQL
(Single-AZ)
Aurora Serverless
for MySQL
Fast failover ✓ ✗ ✗
Cross-AZ failover ✓ ✗ ✓
Storage HA/durability ✓ ✓ ✓

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Going Deep on Amazon Aurora Serverless (DAT427-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018

  • 1.
  • 2. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Going Deep on Amazon Aurora Serverless Anoop Gupta Software Development Manager Amazon Web Services D A T 4 2 7 R Alexey Kuznetsov Sr. Software Development Engineer Amazon Web Services
  • 3. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Agenda • Amazon RDS & Aurora fundamentals • What is Amazon Aurora Serverless? • How it works • Q&A
  • 4. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Amazon RDS is . . . Cloud native engine Open source engines Commercial engines RDS platform • Automatic fail-over • Backup & recovery • X-region replication • Isolation & security • Industry compliance • Automated patching • Advanced monitoring • Routine maintenance • Push-button scaling Image credit: By Mackphillips - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=55946550
  • 5. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Amazon Aurora is . . .. . . Cloud native engine Open source engines Commercial engines RDS platform • Automatic fail-over • Backup & recovery • X-region replication • Isolation & security • Industry compliance • Automated patching • Advanced monitoring • Routine maintenance • Push-button scaling Image credit: By Mackphillips - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=55946550
  • 6. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Amazon Aurora - databases reimagined for the cloud Speed and availability of high-end commercial databases Simplicity and cost-effectiveness of open source databases Drop-in compatibility with MySQL and PostgreSQL Simple pay as you go pricing Delivered as a fully managed service
  • 7. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Availability zone 1 Region Availability zone 2 Availability zone 3 Scale-out, distributed, multi-tenant design . . . Purpose-built log-structured, distributed storage Shared storage volume Storage nodes with SSDs Master SQL Transaction s Caching Reader 5 Reader 9 SQL Transaction s Caching SQL Transaction s Caching Reader 1 SQL Transaction s Caching Reader 8 SQL Transaction s Caching Reader 15 SQL Transaction s Caching … … … 10GiB stripes Master and up to 15 Readers all point to the same storage 6-way replication, 2 per AZ Quorums survive AZ+1 failure
  • 8. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Availability zone 1 Region Availability zone 2 Availability zone 3 With provisioned Aurora, you size the master yourself Shared storage volume Storage nodes with SSDs Master SQL Transaction s Caching Size for the peak load -or- Continuously monitor and manually scale up/down
  • 9. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 10. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Aurora Serverless . . . Responds to your application automatically • Start up • Shut down • Scale capacity
  • 11. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Real world examples…
  • 12. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. You have some choices to make . . . Provision for peak Continuously monitor and manually scale up/down -or- Expensive Hard • Requires experts • Risks outages Provision less than peak End-user (business) impact -or-
  • 13. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Master
  • 14. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Original master Scale-up target Add a scale-up target
  • 15. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Original master New master Cutover
  • 16. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Original master New master
  • 17. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Original master Scale-up target Add a proxy, shield the application from connection changesProxy
  • 18. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume New scale-up target Proxy New master Cutover
  • 19. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Database capacity management – is hard Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume New scale-up target Proxy New master
  • 20. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Aurora Serverless . . . Responds to your application load automatically • Scale capacity with no downtime • Multi-tenant proxy is highly available • Scale target has warm buffer pool • Shuts down when not in use
  • 21. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 22. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 23. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 24. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 25. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 26. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 27. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 28. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 29. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How does it work . . . Availability zone 1 Region App Shared distributed storage volume Multi-tenant proxy layer Warm-pool of Aurora instances Monitoring service
  • 30. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Simpler experience: Less to worry about • No CPU credits to monitor • No commitment to particular availability zone • No migrations between instance type generations • No DB instance reservations to manage • No instances to manage • Encryption at REST is always enabled • No need to manually suspend and resume database • No DNS propagation delays • No maintenance window • No old database versions to upgrade
  • 31. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 32. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Introducing Amazon Relational Database Service Data API • Simple web service protocol for database access • SQL statements packaged as HTTP requests • Access your database from Lambda and AppSync • Access your database from the AWS SDK & CLI Data API Service Aurora Serverless
  • 33. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Introducing RDS Console Query Editor • Access your database from AWS Management Console • No database client application or terminal required
  • 34. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Aurora Serverless – for PostgreSQL Now in preview, sign-up today: https://pages.awscloud.com/amazon -aurora-postgresql-serverless- preview.html
  • 35. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Aurora Serverless – more regions • Aurora Serverless newly available in: • Seoul • Singapore • Sydney • Mumbai • N. California • London, Paris • Frankfurt • Central Canada
  • 36. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Related breakouts Thursday, November 29th Accelerate Database Development and Testing with Amazon Aurora 11:30 a.m. - 1:45 p.m. | Mirage, Mirage Event Center C3 Thursday, November 29th Accelerate Your Analytic Queries with Amazon Aurora Parallel Query 4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. | Venetian, Level 2, Veronese 2406 Thursday, November 29th Build on Amazon Aurora with MySQL Compatibility 4:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. | Mirage, Grand Ballroom B, Table 7
  • 37. Thank you! © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Anoop Gupta gupanoop@amazon.com Alexey Kuznetsov alexey@amazon.com
  • 38. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 39. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. How to migrate? To Aurora MySQL To Aurora Serverless for MySQL Restore from snapshot ✓ ✓ Dump & load ✓ ✓ AWS Data Migration Service ✓ ✓ Transaction log replication ✓ ✗ Restore from Amazon S3 ✓ ✓*
  • 40. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Availability Aurora MySQL (Multi-AZ) Aurora MySQL (Single-AZ) Aurora Serverless for MySQL Fast failover ✓ ✗ ✗ Cross-AZ failover ✓ ✗ ✓ Storage HA/durability ✓ ✓ ✓