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© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
A Serverless Journey:
Under the Hood of AWS Lamb...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
processes 4,000 requests
per second
ingests, ana...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Load
Balancing
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Scaling
Up and
Down
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Handling
Failures
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Lambda Handles
Load Balancing
Auto Scaling
Handl...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Front End Invoke
Orchestrate both synchronous an...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Counting Service
Provides a region wide view of ...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Worker Manager
Tracks container idle and busy st...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Worker
Provisions a secure environment for custo...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Placement Service
Places sandboxes on workers to...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Routing function traffic across hosts distribute...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
AWS Cloud
Region
Lambda customer
(Existing Worke...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
AWS Cloud
Region
Lambda customer
(Existing Worke...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
SERVERLESS CUSTOMERS
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
“What took us just a few days to build using a s...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Provision function capacity when needed and
rele...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
AWS Cloud
Region
Lambda customer
(New Function o...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
AWS Cloud
Region
Availability zone 2Availability...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
AWS Cloud
Region
Availability zone 2Availability...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
AWS Cloud
Region
Lambda customer
Availability zo...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
SERVERLESS CUSTOMERS
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Handling Host and Availability Zone failure
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
With Lambda:
Always have a healthy host
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Instance Instance Instance InstanceInstance Inst...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Instance Instance Instance InstanceInstance Inst...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lam...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lam...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lam...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lam...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lambda Runt...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lam...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Sandbox
Lam...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Virtual Dev...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
virtio driv...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Hardware
Host OS
Hypervisor
Guest OS
Virtual Dev...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
% of Resources
Doing Useful Work
(vs. idle or wa...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
With Lambda:
Pay only for useful work.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Inside Lambda:
Optimize To Keep Servers
Busy
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Bad:
60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60%
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Good:
99% 99% 99% 99% 0% 0% 0%
Cache Locality
Ab...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Server
Bad: Pack Server With One Workload
Worklo...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Server
Better: Pack With Many Loads
Workload
Wor...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Server
Best: Placement Optimization
Workload
Wor...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Worker
Lambda
Function
ENI in
your VPC
Your VPC
...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Worker
Lambda
Function
ENI in
your VPC
Your VPC
...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Firecracker Hypervisor vs. Others
↓
↓
↑
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Firecracker Unlocks
Higher Utilization and Scale
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Thank you!
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Marc Brooker – Senior Principal Engin...
© 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018
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A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 1 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 2 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 3 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 4 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 5 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 6 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 7 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 8 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 9 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 10 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 11 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 12 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 13 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 14 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 15 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 16 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 17 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 18 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 19 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 20 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 21 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 22 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 23 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 24 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 25 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 26 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 27 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 28 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 29 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 30 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 31 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 32 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 33 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 34 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 35 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 36 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 37 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 38 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 39 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 40 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 41 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 42 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 43 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 44 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 45 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 46 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 47 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 48 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 49 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 50 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 51 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 52 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 53 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 54 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 55 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 56 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 57 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 58 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 59 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 60 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 61 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 62 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 63 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 64 A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018 Slide 65
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Serverless computing allows you to build and run applications and services without thinking about servers. Serverless applications don't require you to provision, scale, and manage any servers. However, under the hood, there is a sophisticated architecture that takes care of all the undifferentiated heavy lifting for the developer. Join Holly Mesrobian, Director of Engineering, and Marc Brooker, Senior Principal of Engineering, to learn how AWS architected one of the fastest-growing AWS services. In this session, we show you how Lambda takes care of everything required to run and scale your code with high availability

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A Serverless Journey: AWS Lambda Under the Hood (SRV409-R1) - AWS re:Invent 2018

  1. 1. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. A Serverless Journey: Under the Hood of AWS Lambda Marc Brooker Senior Principal Engineer Serverless S R V 4 0 9 Holly Mesrobian Director of Engineering AWS Lambda
  2. 2. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. processes 4,000 requests per second ingests, analyzes and stores 17+ petabytes of data per season processes half a trillion validations of stock trades daily executes 16 million requests a month processes tens of billions of data points monthly SERVERLESS AT SCALE IS THE NEW NORM API traffic to register and license more than 47 million driver records in Great Britain,
  4. 4. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Load Balancing
  6. 6. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Scaling Up and Down
  7. 7. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Handling Failures
  8. 8. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Lambda Handles Load Balancing Auto Scaling Handling Failures Security Isolation Managing Utilization (and many other things) for you
  12. 12. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Front End Invoke Orchestrate both synchronous and asynchronous Invokes
  14. 14. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Counting Service Provides a region wide view of customer concurrency to help enforce set limits
  15. 15. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Worker Manager Tracks container idle and busy state and schedules incoming invoke requests to available containers
  16. 16. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Worker Provisions a secure environment for customer code execution
  17. 17. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Placement Service Places sandboxes on workers to maximize packing density without impacting customer experience or cold-path latency
  18. 18. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Routing function traffic across hosts distributed across Availability Zone
  19. 19. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. AWS Cloud Region Lambda customer (Existing Worker, New Sandbox) Availability zone 2 Availability zone 1 Invoke Front End Invoke Front End Worker Mgr Worker Mgr Reserve Sandbox Invoke Worker Worker Worker Init
  20. 20. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. AWS Cloud Region Lambda customer (Existing Worker, Existing Sandbox) Availability zone 2 Availability zone 1 Invoke Front End Invoke Front End Worker Mgr Worker Mgr Reserve Sandbox Invoke Worker Worker Worker
  21. 21. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. SERVERLESS CUSTOMERS
  22. 22. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. “What took us just a few days to build using a serverless solution based on AWS Lambda would have taken us six months to build from scratch.Our CTO and the rest of the project stakeholders were really happy with how much money and time we saved.” Nitin Mahajan Executive Director for Service Engineering
  23. 23. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Provision function capacity when needed and releasing when not needed
  24. 24. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. AWS Cloud Region Lambda customer (New Function or Scaling Up) Availability zone 2 Availability zone 1 Invoke Front End Invoke Front End Worker Mgr Worker Mgr Reserve Sandbox Invoke Init Placement Claim Worker Worker Worker Worker
  25. 25. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. AWS Cloud Region Availability zone 2Availability zone 1 Placement Claim Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker Placement Claim Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker
  26. 26. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. AWS Cloud Region Availability zone 2Availability zone 1 Placement Return Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker Placement Return Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker Worker
  27. 27. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. AWS Cloud Region Lambda customer Availability zone 2 Availability zone 1 Front End Front End Worker Mgr Worker Mgr Placement Return Worker Worker Worker Worker
  28. 28. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. SERVERLESS CUSTOMERS
  29. 29. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Handling Host and Availability Zone failure
  30. 30. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. With Lambda: Always have a healthy host
  31. 31. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Instance Instance Instance InstanceInstance Instance AWS Cloud Region Availability zone 2Availability zone 1
  32. 32. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Instance Instance Instance InstanceInstance Instance AWS Cloud Region Availability zone 2Availability zone 1
  33. 33. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  34. 34. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code
  35. 35. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code
  36. 36. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code
  37. 37. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code
  38. 38. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code
  39. 39. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code
  40. 40. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Sandbox Lambda Runtime Your Code One Function Many Accounts
  41. 41. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Virtual Devices Device Emulation Physical Devices
  42. 42. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS virtio drivers virtio host in Firecracker Physical Devices
  43. 43. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hardware Host OS Hypervisor Guest OS Virtual Devices Device Emulation Physical Devices
  44. 44. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  45. 45. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. % of Resources Doing Useful Work (vs. idle or waste)
  46. 46. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. With Lambda: Pay only for useful work.
  47. 47. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Inside Lambda: Optimize To Keep Servers Busy
  48. 48. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  49. 49. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Bad: 60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60%
  50. 50. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Good: 99% 99% 99% 99% 0% 0% 0% Cache Locality Ability to Autoscale
  51. 51. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Server Bad: Pack Server With One Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload
  52. 52. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Server Better: Pack With Many Loads Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload
  53. 53. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  54. 54. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  55. 55. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  56. 56. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Server Best: Placement Optimization Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload Workload
  57. 57. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Worker Lambda Function ENI in your VPC Your VPC Local NAT
  58. 58. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Worker Lambda Function ENI in your VPC Your VPC Remote NAT
  59. 59. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  60. 60. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Firecracker Hypervisor vs. Others ↓ ↓ ↑
  61. 61. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Firecracker Unlocks Higher Utilization and Scale
  62. 62. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  63. 63. Thank you! © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Marc Brooker – Senior Principal Engineer, Amazon Serverless Holly Mesrobian – Director of Engineering, Amazon Lambda
  64. 64. © 2018, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Serverless computing allows you to build and run applications and services without thinking about servers. Serverless applications don't require you to provision, scale, and manage any servers. However, under the hood, there is a sophisticated architecture that takes care of all the undifferentiated heavy lifting for the developer. Join Holly Mesrobian, Director of Engineering, and Marc Brooker, Senior Principal of Engineering, to learn how AWS architected one of the fastest-growing AWS services. In this session, we show you how Lambda takes care of everything required to run and scale your code with high availability

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