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TIPS:16 - HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT?

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HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT?
(Tip : 16):
HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT? (Tip : 16) Prepared By :- AMARDEEP GOHEL DIVYESH BHARKHADA SANGEETA SANGHANI

Field of building: Field of building Mainly two type of building. Engineering Building :- “The building was built according to structural design and architectural feature to protect building against earthquake.” Non-Engineering Building :- “The building was built as non-structural design and architectural feature is known as non-engineering building.”

Type of building acc. to material: Type of building acc. to material Timber building Stone building RCC building Steel building Composite building

Stone masonry: Stone masonry It is the art of building the structures in the stones. In some parts of the country building stones are abundantly available in nature. Those stones when cut and dressed to the proper shapes, provide an economical material for the construction of various structure.

Use of stone masonary: Use of stone masonary Building foundation, Dams Building wall, piers, columns, lintel Light house Domes, Arches Floors, Paving works Railway Ballast

Type of Stone masonry : Type of Stone masonry

Performance of stone masonry against earthquake: Performance of stone masonry against earthquake Bulging Effect :- During earthquake the poor interlocking, uneven load distribution due to uneven size of the stone masonry will create a bulging effect on the stone masonry.

PowerPoint Presentation: The

REBUILT: REBUILT After bulging of stone structure rebuilt will necessary . For rebuilt we can provide connecting stone per 1m of height. Grouting may prepare for fill the voids and making well joint. 1m

rEBUILT: rEBUILT

rEBUILT Video tutorial: rEBUILT Video tutorial How To Repoint Masonry Joints.mp4

HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY The stone is easily available in nature in huge amount. The stone is very strong in compression. In a past time almost masonry work prepared in stone masonry. The width of stone wall is larger then other. So that in a past time stone masonry is used rather then brick masonry.

HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY But the stone masonry is poor parfomane in earthquake due to uneven shape, improper size of stone. So that the wall joint is not well prepared and the stone masonry most chances to fail in earthquake.

HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY Such stone masonry structure was failed in killary earthquake (1993) of magnitude 6.2 Over a 8,000 people died

HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY The main patterns of earthquake damage include in KILLARI earthquake: A) bulging/separation of walls in the horizontal direction into two distinct wythes (Figure a ), B) separation of walls at corners and T-junctions, (c) separation of poorly constructed roof from walls, and eventual collapse of roof, (d) disintegration of

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TIPS:16 - HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT?

  1. 1. HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT? (TIP : 16) Prepared By :- AMARDEEP GOHEL DIVYESH BHARKHADA SANGEETA SANGHANI
  2. 2. FIELD OF BUILDING  Mainly two type of building. 1) Engineering Building:- “The building was built according to structural design and architectural feature to protect building against earthquake.” 2) Non-Engineering Building:- “The building was built as non-structural design and architectural feature is known as non- engineering building.”
  3. 3. TYPE OF BUILDING ACC. TO MATERIAL  Timber building  Stone building  RCC building  Steel building  Composite building
  4. 4. STONE MASONRY  It is the art of building the structures in the stones. In some parts of the country building stones are abundantly available in nature.  Those stones when cut and dressed to the proper shapes, provide an economical material for the construction of various structure.
  5. 5. USE OF STONE MASONARY  Building foundation, Dams  Building wall, piers, columns, lintel  Light house  Domes, Arches  Floors, Paving works  Railway Ballast
  6. 6. TYPE OF STONE MASONRY Stone masonry Rubble Masonry Coursed R M Un-Coursed R M Random R M Dry R M Ashlar Masonry A Fine A Rough A Chamfered A Facing
  7. 7. PERFORMANCE OF STONE MASONRY AGAINST EARTHQUAKE  Bulging Effect :- During earthquake the poor interlocking, uneven load distribution due to uneven size of the stone masonry will create a bulging effect on the stone masonry.
  8. 8.  The
  9. 9. REBUILT  After bulging of stone structure rebuilt will necessary.  For rebuilt we can provide connecting stone per 1m of height.  Grouting may prepare for fill the voids and making well joint. 1m
  10. 10. REBUILT
  11. 11. REBUILT VIDEO TUTORIAL  How To Repoint Masonry Joints.mp4
  12. 12. HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY  The stone is easily available in nature in huge amount.  The stone is very strong in compression.  In a past time almost masonry work prepared in stone masonry.  The width of stone wall is larger then other. So that in a past time stone masonry is used rather then brick masonry.
  13. 13. HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY  But the stone masonry is poor parfomane in earthquake due to uneven shape, improper size of stone.  So that the wall joint is not well prepared and the stone masonry most chances to fail in earthquake.
  14. 14. HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY  Such stone masonry structure was failed in killary earthquake (1993) of magnitude 6.2  Over a 8,000 people died
  15. 15. HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY  The main patterns of earthquake damage include in KILLARI earthquake: A) bulging/separation of walls in the horizontal direction into two distinct wythes (Figure a), B) separation of walls at corners and T- junctions, (c) separation of poorly constructed roof from walls, and eventual collapse of roof, (d) disintegration of walls and eventual collapse of the whole dwelling.
  16. 16. HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY
  17. 17. EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCE FEATURES  Low strength stone masonry buildings are weak against earthquakes, and should be avoided in high seismic zones.  The Indian Standard IS:13828-1993 states that inclusion of special earthquake-resistant design and construction features may raise the earthquake resistance of these buildings and reduce the loss of life.
  18. 18. EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCE FEATURES  However, in spite of the seismic features these buildings may not become totally free from heavy damage and even collapse in case of a major earthquake.  Those feature include. . .
  19. 19. MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT  A) Ensure proper wall construction:- The wall thickness should not exceed 450mm, Round stone boulders should not be used in the construction! Instead, the stones should be shaped using chisels and hammers. Use of mud mortar should be avoided in higher seismic zones. Instead, cement-sand mortar should be 1:6 (or richer) and lime- sand mortar 1:3 (or richer) should be used.
  20. 20. MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT  B) Ensure proper bond in masonry courses:- The masonry walls should be built in construction lifts not exceeding 600mm. Through-stones (each extending over full thickness of wall) or a pair of overlapping bond-stones (each extending over at least ¾ths thickness of wall) must be used at every 600mm along the height and at a maximum spacing of 1.2m along the length
  21. 21. MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT  C) Provide horizontal reinforcing elements:- The stone masonry dwellings must have horizontal bands. These bands can be constructed out of wood or reinforced concrete, and chosen based on economy. It is important to provide at least one band (either lintel band or roof band) in stone masonry construction
  22. 22. Specially thanks to Pro. Mazar Dhankot Pro. Dipesh Rathod THANK TO ALL OF YOU
  23. 23. Specially thanks to Pro. Mazar Dhankot Pro. Dipesh Rathod THANK TO ALL OF YOU

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