HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT?
(Tip : 16):
HOW TO MAKE STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT? (Tip : 16) Prepared By :- AMARDEEP GOHEL DIVYESH BHARKHADA SANGEETA SANGHANI
Field of building: Field of building Mainly two type of building. Engineering Building :- “The building was built according to structural design and architectural feature to protect building against earthquake.” Non-Engineering Building :- “The building was built as non-structural design and architectural feature is known as non-engineering building.”
Type of building acc. to material: Type of building acc. to material Timber building Stone building RCC building Steel building Composite building
Stone masonry: Stone masonry It is the art of building the structures in the stones. In some parts of the country building stones are abundantly available in nature. Those stones when cut and dressed to the proper shapes, provide an economical material for the construction of various structure.
Use of stone masonary: Use of stone masonary Building foundation, Dams Building wall, piers, columns, lintel Light house Domes, Arches Floors, Paving works Railway Ballast
Type of Stone masonry : Type of Stone masonry
Performance of stone masonry against earthquake: Performance of stone masonry against earthquake Bulging Effect :- During earthquake the poor interlocking, uneven load distribution due to uneven size of the stone masonry will create a bulging effect on the stone masonry.
PowerPoint Presentation: The
REBUILT: REBUILT After bulging of stone structure rebuilt will necessary . For rebuilt we can provide connecting stone per 1m of height. Grouting may prepare for fill the voids and making well joint. 1m
rEBUILT Video tutorial: rEBUILT Video tutorial How To Repoint Masonry Joints.mp4
HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY The stone is easily available in nature in huge amount. The stone is very strong in compression. In a past time almost masonry work prepared in stone masonry. The width of stone wall is larger then other. So that in a past time stone masonry is used rather then brick masonry.
HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY But the stone masonry is poor parfomane in earthquake due to uneven shape, improper size of stone. So that the wall joint is not well prepared and the stone masonry most chances to fail in earthquake.
HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY Such stone masonry structure was failed in killary earthquake (1993) of magnitude 6.2 Over a 8,000 people died
HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY: HISTORY OF STONE MASONARY The main patterns of earthquake damage include in KILLARI earthquake: A) bulging/separation of walls in the horizontal direction into two distinct wythes (Figure a ), B) separation of walls at corners and T-junctions, (c) separation of poorly constructed roof from walls, and eventual collapse of roof, (d) disintegration of