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Economic Empowerment of Women and Challenges of Trade


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Presented by Dr. Amany Asfour as introduction to "Capacity Building for Women Entrepreneurs" organized by African Training Cener of Egyptian Business Women Association, Ethiopian Women Exporters Associaton under the scope of Support of Female Entrepreneurs Program supported by African Alliance of Women Empowerment and DANIDA

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Economic Empowerment of Women and Challenges of Trade

  1. 1. Economic Empowerment of Women & Challenges of Trade<br />
  2. 2. Presented by<br />Dr. AmanyAsfour<br />President<br />African Alliance for Women Empowerment(AFRAWE)<br />Executive Director<br />African Society for Sexual Medicine<br />Chair of FEMCOM<br />Federation of Business Women Associations of COMESA <br />( Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa)<br />Chair of Human Resources ,Science and Technology<br />Cluster of AU -ECOSOCC ( African Union <br />Economic ,Social and Cultural Council )<br />
  3. 3. MDGs<br />1-Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger<br />2-Achive Universal Primary Education <br />3-Promote Gender Equality & Empowerment Women <br />4-Reduce Child Mortality <br />5-Improve Maternal Health <br />6-Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases <br />7-Ensure Environmental Sustainability <br />8-Develop a Global Partnership for Development <br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Challenges of InterAfrican Trade <br />8 (Ps)<br />
  6. 6. 1- Product <br />Quality of the product<br />Branding of the Product.<br />
  7. 7. 2 – Presentation <br />Packaging <br />
  8. 8. 3 - Pricing<br />How to have survey studies & to have a competitive price . <br />
  9. 9. 4- Popularity <br />How to make your product popular through <br /><ul><li>Marketing
  10. 10. Advertising </li></li></ul><li>5 – Payment <br />Financial Services<br />Legal Services<br />Method of Payment <br />
  11. 11. 6 - Post<br />How to post the product & deliver it to the Client <br /> - Transport either by<br /><ul><li>Air
  12. 12. Sea
  13. 13. Road</li></ul>- Infrastructure & Transport System . <br />
  14. 14. 7 – Patience <br />
  15. 15. 8 – Power <br />Power to achieve <br />Power to lead <br />Power to Market <br />
  16. 16. How to achieve Economic Empowerment of Women ? <br />
  17. 17. What is Power ?<br />
  18. 18. The right definition of Power <br />Power is potency- the capacity to act, to implement.<br /><ul><li>'Power' that must constantly be struggled over and backed up with force, including violence, is not power.</li></li></ul><li>Empowerment of Women<br />is now speaking of &quot;EMPOWERMENT&quot; OF WOMEN, of discovering one’s own strength, of teaching women how to exert their influence, i.e. of decentralization of power to women, &quot;empowerment of women&quot;, so that they could use it in a different way than men and towards different goals.<br />“Political changes without fundamental changes in moral and social norms remain temporary victories&quot;<br />
  19. 19. Triad of Women Empowerment3 Ps<br />Personality<br />Women Empowerment<br />POWER<br />Product<br />Procedures<br />
  20. 20. Why should women be empowered????<br />
  21. 21. Economic empowerment of women<br />To be a part of the decision making.<br />Achieve sustainable development.<br />
  22. 22. How to Achieve Women Empowerment?<br />Through<br />
  23. 23. Raising up in the family<br /> Democracy<br />2. Education<br />10-Project<br /> Development<br />3. Capacity <br />Building<br />9-Advocacy<br />8-Technical <br />Assistance<br /> and Support services<br />4. Training<br />7- Access to<br /> Technology<br />5. Young Women Entrepreneurship promotion & Building of an Entrepreneurial Culture<br />6 - Access to <br />Financial Resources<br />
  24. 24. 1. Raising up in the family<br />Democracy<br />
  25. 25. 2.Education<br />
  26. 26. 3. Capacity Building<br />
  27. 27. 4. Training<br />
  28. 28. 5-Entrepreneurship <br />Promotion<br />Is a driver for economic growth,competitiveness and job creation, furthermore, it can be a vehicle for personal development and can help resolve social issues.<br />
  29. 29. Who Is An Entrepreneur?<br />
  30. 30. An entrepreneur is essentially a person who is not only self-employed but generates employment and income for others through a combination of efforts requiring zeal and capability to transform physical, financial, natural and human resources for production possibilities to extract the business potential within any situation..<br />
  31. 31. The Promotion of Women’s Entrepreneurship<br />It is a means to alleviate women’s unemployment and poverty and also stimulate economic growth.<br />Women’s entrepreneurship promotion aims at eliminating gender specific barriers which limits women’s capacity to up businesses. These include inadequate access to information ,business networks as well as the traditional attitude towards the gender role <br />
  32. 32. A sustainable EnterpriseThe following figure shows the elements that are required to call it enterprise sustainable<br /> Technical <br /> Viability<br />Market <br />Stability<br />Management<br />Zeal<br />Skill <br />Managerial <br />Vocational<br />Systems<br />Management<br />Zeal<br />Skill <br />Managerial <br />Vocational<br />Systems<br />Sustainable <br />Enterprise<br />Financial <br />viability<br />Policy <br /> support<br />Infrastructural <br />facilities<br />Environmental <br />Sustainability<br />
  33. 33. A sustainable Enterprise<br />An enterprise needs an environment conducive to take off and sustain and all seven elements are important. But policy support is a crosscutting element that influences the financial, infrastructural, social (skills, systems etc.), market, environment etc. positively or negatively. The role of private and public sector agencies are often guided by the policies, which again are influenced by the traditional attitude and lack of understanding about the needs and situation of women. Therefore, for mainstreaming of gender, it is important that the policies and measures are developed considering the reality of women <br />
  34. 34. The main three pillars of women’s Entrepreneurship promotion are :<br />1 – Creating an enabling environment<br />2 – Capacity building and<br />3 - Access to financial resources<br />
  35. 35. The way forward<br />Access to Financial <br />Resources<br />Special credit line<br />Guarantee support <br />Guarantee fund<br />Advocacy & Risk Sharing<br />Chambers/Associations<br />Fund Generation<br />Govt., Donor, Private Bank<br />Sources<br />External agencies<br />Government<br />Creation of Enabling<br /> Environment<br />Policy Support<br />Revision/formulation <br />(establish consistency)<br />Supportive mechanism <br />(One stop service)<br />Mainstreaming<br />Advocacy<br />Chambers/Association<br />Measures by<br />Government.<br />Banks<br />Promotion<br /> of Women<br /> Entrepreneurship<br />Capacity Building <br />Associations -Women Entrepreneurs <br />Service Providers<br />-Information-Skills Development<br />Management Technology<br />Marketing Support-Linkage Building<br />Donors/Agencies<br />Technical Assistance <br />Support Services<br />Chambers/Associations-Institutions-Agencies-Private sector<br />
  36. 36. 6 – Access to Financial Resources<br />This is the area for all entrepreneurs and the public sector has a comprehensive role to play especially in the areas of policy development, taking specials measures in the area of guarantee support, special credit line, provision of quota in industrial credit etc.<br />Banks should be oriented to initiate special window for financing women – owned enterprises. <br />The government should provide policy support for collateral free loan up to a certain limit. It can develop guarantee fund and can accept guarantee by chambers and association etc.<br />
  37. 37. 7- Technical Assistance and Support services<br /><ul><li>Human resource development for system support: To ensure the presence of girls and women among the technologically trained, campaigns could be developed to attract and retain women professionals.</li></li></ul><li>8- Advocacy<br /><ul><li>Strengthening institutional capacity to integrate gender considerations in policies and programs and supporting women's equitable access to training is required to ensure that women's needs and concerns more effectively addressed.</li></li></ul><li>9- Access to Technology<br />While technology is being used to assist in delivering information to women-owned businesses, not all have access to such technology. The availability, use of and access to technology differs dramatically. percentage of women business owners uses technology for anything more sophisticated than word-processing . Even with the explosion of online technology, accessing it may be exceedingly costly in many parts of where telecommunication services are metered even for local calls.<br />The use of technology as an information tool is a great benefit to those with access to it. However, there is real danger of creating a new type of poverty or challenge for women business owners who do not have technology, cannot afford it, or are in areas where the facilities for technology support do not yet exist.<br />
  38. 38. 10- Project Development<br /><ul><li>Effective partnerships with NGOs to include a range of project development, implementation and delivery systems can contribute to the effectiveness and range of marketing the products of micro-entrepreneurs.
  39. 39. Many innovative activities and models for marketing are being developed by NGOs which contribute to improved consultation, human resource development, and incorporating gender equality considerations.
  40. 40. Programs will have to be designed and put in place that ensures women's access to the technologies that can empower them in many aspects of their lives.</li></li></ul><li>Project for Economic Women Empowerment in Africa<br />Partners<br /><ul><li>UNDP
  41. 41. African Alliance for Women Empowerment .
  42. 42. African Development Bank.
  43. 43. Egyptian Business Women Association as Focal Point in Egypt .</li></li></ul><li>Establishment of Business Development Center<br />
  44. 44. BDC include <br />Training facilities.<br />Market place & show rooms and exhibition center.<br />Trade point and data bank<br />Business incubators.<br />ICT centers.<br />Technical assistance.<br />Financial & legal services.<br />Innovation center.<br />Transfer of technology for women in business and product development.<br />
  45. 45. 11- Networking<br /><ul><li>Networking is crucial to have access to the global market and achieve Executive trading.
  46. 46. Affiliation to regional and international women organizations.</li></li></ul><li>Partners of Development<br />Governments.<br />Civil Society.<br />Private Sector.<br />
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  51. 51.
  52. 52. Why Economic Empowermentof Women<br /><ul><li>To Achieve financial independence.
  53. 53. WHY?</li></li></ul><li>To have the power of choice and voice.<br />
  54. 54. Egyptian Business Women Association (EBWA)<br />African Alliance for Women Empowerment<br />Our GoalEconomic Empowerment of WomenOur SloganFinancial independence gives you the power of choice and voiceOur MessageYoung Women Entrepreneurship Promotion<br />
  55. 55. Our Symbol<br />Queen Hatchupsut of Egypt; 15th century BC.<br />Ruled as a pharaoh for 15 years.<br />The 1st registered Business Women in history. She used to do trade between Egypt and other countries of Africa & Asia.<br />
  56. 56. Thank You<br />