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Human Factors and Ergonomics - Applied Project

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As a part of applied project for the course - Advanced Human Factors, improved the design of two poorly designed objects ergonomically

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Human Factors and Ergonomics - Applied Project

  1. 1. APPLIED PROJECT ME8103 - ADVANCED HUMAN FACTORS - W-2017 RYERSON UNIVERISTY 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Ergonomics • Work Physiology • Biomechanics • Workstation Design Human Factors • Experimental Physiology • Human Performance • System Design  Roots: Due to the introduction of computers into the workplace, human factors and ergonomics are coming closer  Development over the last 50 years: Military Ergonomics (1950s) Industrial Ergonomics (1960s) Consumer Product Ergonomics (1970s) Human Computer Ergonomics (1980s) Cognitive & Organization Ergonomics (1990s) Internet (2000s) 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Common Goals • Safety • Operator Satisfaction • Productivity  Ergonomics is rarely a GOAL: Ergonomics is a design methodology that is used to arrive at safety, productivity, and satisfaction This discipline promotes a holistic, human-centred approach, that considers physical, cognitive, social, organizational, environmental and other design-relevant factors. 3
  4. 4. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics  Brampton YMCA: 4 • Family-Friendly Centre • Health and Fitness Services • Child Care • Camps • Community-Building Programs  Membership Desk: • Focal Point • Poorly Designed • Least Ergonomic • Could be a Health Issue Factor
  5. 5. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 5 B. YMCA Membership Desk Registration Services Employs Two – Staff Individuals Focal Point Emergency Services & Procedures 4-8 Hours of Working Shift Support, Update and Integrate
  6. 6. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 6  B. YMCA Membership Desk: Problem and Flaws A = 112 cm The Problem: • Height of the Desk • 112cm (44inches/3.67feet) • Why is it a problem? Flaw Reason #1: • Sitting or Standing-Sitting? • 92cm vs 112cm
  7. 7. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 7  B. YMCA Membership Desk: Problem and Flaws Flaw Reason #2: • Sitting Height = 95cm • Sitting = Popliteal (Height) • Ineffective Foot-Rest • Dangling Legs B = 95cm
  8. 8. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 8  B. YMCA Membership Desk: Problem and Flaws Flaw Reason #3: • Why is sitting height is Too High? • Compressed Thighs • Arms support • Leaning on • Inhibits Movements • Joint Pains • Absence of Floor-Foot Contact
  9. 9. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 9  B. YMCA Membership Desk: The Solution Flaw Reason #4: Unnoticed Area Flaw Reason #5: Lack of Accessibility Flaw Reason #6: Poor Interaction
  10. 10. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 10
  11. 11. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 11  B. YMCA Membership Desk: Recommendations The Solution - New Design
  12. 12. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 12  B. YMCA Membership Desk: The Solution Advantage Reason #1: • Sitting or Standing-Sitting? • Sitting • Elbow Height • 50th Percentile Male A = 112 cm A’ = 72 cm
  13. 13. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 13  B. YMCA Membership Desk: The Solution Advantage Reason #2: • Reduced Sitting Height • From 95cm to 43cm • 50th Percentile Male • Adjustable Chair • Floor-Foot Contact
  14. 14. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 14  B. YMCA Membership Desk: The Solution Advantage Reason #3: Benefits of Ergonomic Sitting - No Joint Pains & Movement Limitations - Prevention of Falling or Tripping - Floor-Foot Contact Advantage Reason #4: Unnoticed Area can be Covered Advantage Reason #5: Accessible
  15. 15. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 15  B. YMCA Membership Desk: The Solution Advantage Reason #6: • Strong Interaction • Eye-Contact • Screen Embedded Desk
  16. 16. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #1 Area: Work Design and Anthropometrics [contd.] 16 B. YMCA Membership Desk: Further Improvement & Conclusion More Accessibility Choice LED Display
  17. 17. EMERGENCY SIGN LABELS THE DOOR HANDLE THE LAYOUT APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #2 Area: Design of Controls, Displays & Symbols PUSH OR TOUCH 17
  18. 18. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #2 Area: Design of Controls, Displays & Symbols PUSH OR TOUCH: Not Synonyms 18  Brampton Transit Buses • Requesting a Stop • Yellow Strip  Design Flaw • Coding by Labeling • Coding by Mode of Operation • False Sign  Correction • Replace Touch by Push
  19. 19. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #2 Area: Design of Controls, Displays & Symbols EMERGENCY SIGN LABELS 19  Brampton Transit Buses • Red Emergency Exit Sign  Go Transit Buses • Green Emergency Exit Sign • Black & White Exit Sign  Confusion • Red or Green  Go Trains • Green Emergency Exit Sign
  20. 20. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #2 Area: Design of Controls, Displays & Symbols THE DOOR HANDLE: PULL OR PUSH 20  Design Flaw • Control-Response Compatibility • Affordance  Correction: Replace Push Handle with a Disk or Plate
  21. 21. APPLIED PROJECT - OBJECT ITEM #2 Area: Design of Controls, Displays & Symbols THE LAYOUT: FIND ME? 21  Transport Truck • Air Horn vs City Horn • Regulations  Design Flaw • The layout • Position • Mix-up  Correction • Distinct Position
  22. 22. 22 TrytolocateAirHorn:Quickit’sUrgent,Eyesonroad Youaredrivingaswell
  23. 23. 23 “Safety is a Cheap and Effective Insurance Policy” “Thank You”

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