<ul><li>Introduction to Landmines </li></ul><ul><li>Landmines in Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Sensation and deminin...
<ul><li>Landmines are considered one of the most horrifying, unethical tactics used in modern wars.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Egypt considered one of the most affected countries with landmines, with nearly 20% of the total landmines in the ...
<ul><li>Aerial photography </li></ul><ul><li>Metal detectors </li></ul><ul><li>Mine-detection Dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Mecha...
<ul><li>Used in the initial detection phase </li></ul><ul><li>Either sharply accurate or precise </li></ul>
<ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheapest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely us...
<ul><li>Had been mainly used in Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Less risk on the deminer himself </li></ul><ul><li>Generally...
<ul><li>Special vehicles, that can withstand the explosions  </li></ul><ul><li>Combine detection & removal in one operatio...
<ul><li>Research had been made to make use of the following, for landmine detection as well: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honey b...
<ul><li>Therefore, the Egyptian Government and agencies providing assistance must allow for substantial resources to be de...
<ul><li>EMI Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>GPR Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic Sensors </li></ul>
<ul><li>EMI Stands for Electromagnetic Induction </li></ul><ul><li>Time-varying magnetic field </li></ul><ul><li>Detect mo...
<ul><li>GPR stands for Ground Penetration Radar </li></ul><ul><li>Uses electromagnetic waves  </li></ul><ul><li>Waves refl...
<ul><li>Probes the surface with seismic waves </li></ul><ul><li>Excite mechanical response of buried objects </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Introduction to Landmines </li></ul><ul><li>Landmines in Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Sensation and deminin...
<ul><li>Ahmed Said Ahmed </li></ul><ul><li>Mahmoud Mohamed Abdelhamid </li></ul><ul><li>Mina Malak Lamie </li></ul><ul><li...
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Sensors

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Sensors

  1. 1.
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction to Landmines </li></ul><ul><li>Landmines in Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Sensation and demining solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal Detectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Call for further research </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced sensors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EMI Sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPR Sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seismic Sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Landmines are considered one of the most horrifying, unethical tactics used in modern wars. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large minefields is planted with anti-personnel explosives, usually to give a temporary strategic advantage, and get left after wars, ending thousands of innocent civilian lives, and preventing the social and economical development to reach the affected zones. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Egypt considered one of the most affected countries with landmines, with nearly 20% of the total landmines in the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The northwest coast has great development potential; the area is one of the greatest promises for Egypt. But the mines deny access to a landmass of approximately 22 percent of the national territory,&quot; El-Shazly* said. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* National project director for mine clearance and development at the Ministry of International Cooperation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Aerial photography </li></ul><ul><li>Metal detectors </li></ul><ul><li>Mine-detection Dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Clearance </li></ul><ul><li>Natural detectors </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Used in the initial detection phase </li></ul><ul><li>Either sharply accurate or precise </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheapest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely used </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dangerous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Another significant issue concerns the safety of the deminer. For every 5000 mines removed, one deminer is killed. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Had been mainly used in Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Less risk on the deminer himself </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, the most efficient solution </li></ul>
  10. 10.
  11. 11. <ul><li>Special vehicles, that can withstand the explosions </li></ul><ul><li>Combine detection & removal in one operation </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, used as an extra layer of security after another method </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Research had been made to make use of the following, for landmine detection as well: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honey bees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mammals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bacteria </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Therefore, the Egyptian Government and agencies providing assistance must allow for substantial resources to be devoted to finding better solutions to the mine and UXO clearance problem. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Professors in the university of western Australia meets with demining army executives </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>EMI Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>GPR Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic Sensors </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>EMI Stands for Electromagnetic Induction </li></ul><ul><li>Time-varying magnetic field </li></ul><ul><li>Detect most metals </li></ul><ul><li>Unacceptable false alarm rate </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>GPR stands for Ground Penetration Radar </li></ul><ul><li>Uses electromagnetic waves </li></ul><ul><li>Waves reflected from buried objects </li></ul><ul><li>Antennas transmit and receive the waves </li></ul><ul><li>Very clean response </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Probes the surface with seismic waves </li></ul><ul><li>Excite mechanical response of buried objects </li></ul><ul><li>Distinction between landmines and other objects is clear from formed images </li></ul><ul><li>Very resistant to most types of clutter </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Introduction to Landmines </li></ul><ul><li>Landmines in Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Sensation and demining solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal Detectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Call for further research </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced sensors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EMI Sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPR Sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seismic Sensors </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Ahmed Said Ahmed </li></ul><ul><li>Mahmoud Mohamed Abdelhamid </li></ul><ul><li>Mina Malak Lamie </li></ul><ul><li>Mohamed Ahmed Qandeel </li></ul><ul><li>Abdelrahman Magdy Medhat </li></ul>

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