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Straighta Forward Pre. Per. Cont.


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Straighta Forward Pre. Per. Cont.

  1. 1. 1 What’s …? Present Perfect ContinuousPresent Perfect Continuous PresentPresent PerfectPerfect ContinuousContinuous has/have + been + VingS + has/have to be + Ving+ V3
  2. 2. 2 Form of Present Perfect ContinuousForm of Present Perfect Continuous S + has/have + been + Ving Has he been working? He has not been working. He has been working. He / She / It Have I been working? I have not been working. I have been working. I / You / We / They Question (?)Negative (-)Positive (+) Use of Present Perfect ContinuousUse of Present Perfect Continuous To emphasize the duration (the length of time) of something When to use: Actions that started in the past, 1) unfinished (in progress) 2) have recently stopped, finished!
  3. 3. 3 Use of Present Perfect ContinuousUse of Present Perfect Continuous 1) Duration from the Past Until Now - started in the past - unfinished, still in progress - w/ the duration (for, since, all day, how long…?) Samples:Samples: Duration of the actionDuration of the action from the past until now (unfinished)from the past until now (unfinished) They have been fighting since 9:00 pm. (until now they haven’t stopped fighting yet) She has been watching TV all day long. (She started watching TV since 7 am. until now 10 pm.) Why has the earth been getting warmer for these five years? Now, it’s 10:00 pm
  4. 4. 4 Use of Present Perfect ContinuousUse of Present Perfect Continuous 2) Recently, Lately - started in the past - just finished, recently stopped - use "lately" or "recently" to emphasize the meaning of ‘lately’ - w/o the duration Samples:Samples: Duration of the action from the past andDuration of the action from the past and has just finished (recently, lately finished)has just finished (recently, lately finished) •Nancy have been waiting for Mike for half an hour! (But she’s not waiting anymore because he has come) Look at her eyes! I'm sure she has been crying. (Now she’s stopped crying but her eyes is getting red.) Kimura has been feeling a little depressed. (He has been unhappy in the last few days but now he seems happy because he’s taking a long holiday.
  5. 5. 5 Use: 2)Use: 2) Recently, LatelyRecently, Lately IMPORTANT!!! "Have you been feeling alright?" "Have you been smoking?" Using this tense in a question suggests you can see, smell, hear or feel the results of the action. It is possible to insult someone by using this tense incorrectly. Present Perfect SimplePresent Perfect Simple oror Present Perfect ContinuousPresent Perfect Continuous
  6. 6. 6 Present Perfect Simple or ContinuousPresent Perfect Simple or Continuous • Duration (how long) • Emphasis on duration • Unwanted side effect • Temporary • ‘since’ the beginning • Signal words = how long, since, for • Result (what, how often) • Emphasis on completion • Desired result • Permanent • ‘since’ the last time • Signal words = how often? Present Perfect Continuous Present Perfect Simple NOTE!NOTE! Verbs of states, senses, and brain work are usually only used in Present Perfect Simple state: be, have (for possession only) senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch brain work: believe, know, think, understand
  7. 7. 7 HOMEWORKHOMEWORK 1. 7A Grammar Exercise: 1, 2, 3 (p.67) 2. 7B Grammar Exercise: 1 (p.71) 3. 7B Reading “Maria Pettigrew”: - Exercise 1 (p.70) - Exercise 3 (p.71)