Keep these and STUDY with them!!!
Weather Weather by Brainpop
o behavior of atmosphere (what’s going
1) What cycle is the basis of our
on at any certain time)
o geographic area
o Can change ________________
2) What causes precipitation to
--The study of weather is
--Someone who studies weather is called a ______________ 3) Where do storms usually occur?
o ____________ behavior of atmosphere (100+ years)
o _____________ geographic area
o Very _____________ to change
POLAR TEMPERATE TROPICAL
_________ latitude ________ latitude 30 - ____________
Cool summers, ____ year- True __________ No winter, ______ year-
round Variety of climate patterns round
________ ______________ High temp, ______, humidity
What Factors Affect Weather & Climate? Climate Types by Brainpop
The ___, The Water _____, The Atmosphere 1. What is climate?
& the ___________
2. Where are tropical climates
most likely to be?
How does the Sun Affect 3. What does “arid” mean?
• It _________ the atmosphere & oceans Radiation:
Radiation: energy transferred as _________
• It creates ________________
• It keeps the water cycle going
Conduction: energy transferred when
___________ bump together
• It affects weather patterns
Convection; transfer of heat by _______ of
material; happens after the other two…
The Water Cycle
_______ the water on the planet is
recycled in this manner!
Parts of the Cycle
Evaporation Water going
from a _______ to a ______ (gains
energy from the sun)
water from/out of __________. Locate this on the diagram!
Condensation—Water going from a _______ to a Water Cycle by Brainpop
___________ (cools or loses energy); When this
1) What process must happen
happens in the atmosphere, _____________ form.
for clouds to form?
Precipitation—when water ________ out the 2) What is “collection”?
atmosphere. Forms when the water droplets in clouds
become too _______ to stay up. 3) Name one way to conserve
Liquid water = _____________ water.
Frozen water = ____________ or sleet or
How does the atmosphere
• The atmosphere is a mixture of _______ that
surrounds the Earth
• Has _____ different layers—each has different
__________ . Label them on the diagram:
• Air __________ and ___________ change with
• Weather occurs in the layer closest to Earth
Earth’s Atmsophere by Brainpop
Air Masses = body of air with a certain
______________ and ______________ 1) What is ozone?
2) What layer of the atmosphere does
Can be warm or cold weather occur in?
Can contain a lot of moisture or not a
lot of moisture 3) What 2 gases compose the most of Earth’s
How does Air Pressure affect weather?
How much the earth’s atmosphere is pressing down on us
Measured with a _____________________
If it __________, then new weather is on the way:
o Falling Air Pressure = __________ weather coming
o Rising Air Pressure = _____weather coming
o Steady Air Pressure = _____change is coming
ScienceSaurus Sections 224:
How does the OCEAN affect weather?
Ocean currents affect the _____________of the land they pass by
Cold ocean currents = _________________effect
Warm ocean currents = ______________effect
Temperature changes affect pressure – which then creates WINDS
Winds blow this cooling or warming effect over the land
Wind by Brainpop
Winds = created from ________________in air pressure 1) What does warm air do?
Moves from areas of _____to _____pressure
2) What do you call winds that
Greater the difference in pressure, the _____the wind blow all the time in the same
blows part of the world?
Measured with _____________and ____________or you
can estimate with the Beaufort Wind Scale (ScienceSaurus 3) What are jet streams?
Thousands of kilometers long; can cause weather to _____in different directions
___________, prevailing westerlies, doldrums, horse latitudes, trade winds
Caused by the temperature difference in different regions
o Hot Tropical Regions—causes air to _____
o Cold polar Regions—causes air to _____Also affected by Earth’s Spin: Coriolis Effect = causes
winds to curve to the _____in the N. Hemisphere; to the _____in the S. Hemisphere