Chapter 3 ppt

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Chapter 3 ppt

  1. 1. The Molecules of Cells Chapter 3
  2. 2. OrganicCompoundsPolarity of hydrocarbons?Hydrophobic vs. Hydrophilic
  3. 3. OrganicCompounds Both C4H8 What is this called? Importance?
  4. 4. Functional Groups  “add-ons” to carbon skeletons  Polar?  Water soluble?
  5. 5. What functional groups do they contain?  Formaldehyde?  Ethanol?  Acetone?  Dopamine?
  6. 6. Organic Molecules Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids (Ch. 10)(Macromolecules, Biomolecules)
  7. 7. Organic Molecules Monomer vs. Polymer H OH
  8. 8. Linking Monomers Dehydration Synthesis What type of bond formed?
  9. 9. Separating Monomers Hydrolysis
  10. 10. Carbohydrates Monomer?
  11. 11. Monosaccharide Isomers Glucose and Fructose  C6H12O6 Functional groups? Soluble in water?
  12. 12. Disaccharides Glucose + Glucose = Maltose  C12H22O11 Glucose + Fructose = Sucrose Glucose + Galactose = Lactose
  13. 13. Artificial sweeteners
  14. 14. PolysaccharidesSimilarities? Differences?
  15. 15. LipidsSolubility?Types?
  16. 16. Lipids Fats and oils (AKA: triglycerides) -Glycerol Functions? -Fatty acids
  17. 17. Linking fatty acids to glycerol
  18. 18. Lipids Saturated vs. Unsaturated fatty acids
  19. 19. Lipids “Hydrogenated vegetable oil”  trans fats
  20. 20. Lipids Phospholipids  Function?
  21. 21. Lipids Steroids  Examples?  Functions?
  22. 22. Lipids Waxes
  23. 23. Proteins Monomer? Functions?WE ARE A RESULT OF THE PROTEINS WE MAKE!
  24. 24. R group determines AA property Leucine Serinehydrophobic hydrophilic
  25. 25. Linking Amino Acids
  26. 26. STRUCTURE = FUNCTIONWhat happens ifproteins lose theirshape?Causes?
  27. 27. 4 levels ofProtein Structure
  28. 28. Primary Structure
  29. 29. Secondary StructureHydrogen Bond
  30. 30. Tertiary Structure
  31. 31. Quaternary Structure
  32. 32. How can a change in the DNA affect a protein’s function?

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