RIMSTS Chapter 6


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Summary presentation on Chapter 6 of Really Important Matters for Students to Study by Maria Nora B Del Rosario

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RIMSTS Chapter 6

  1. 1. CHAPTER 6 : SOCIETY Defining Society through its Causes
  2. 2. CAUSALITY To identify the cause is the concern of all species of science. There is at least one cause for everything.
  3. 3. RECALL AQUINAS AND ARISTOTLE… "Certain knowledge through causes" and "Systematic and mediate knowledge of beings and their properties through causes"
  5. 5. CAUSE Intrinsic - Internal • Material – Matter • Proximate - Direct • Remote - Relative • Formal - Form
  6. 6. Extrinsic - External •Final - End •Agent - Person •Instrumental - What acts in subordination to a principle cause.
  7. 7. • Principal - Guides the action as a norm or rule of behaviour • Primary - Is a basic, foundational proposition or assumption that cannot be deduced from any other proposition or assumption. • Secondary - Sub sequential, dependent of the primary cause.
  9. 9. Cause - Society •Intrinsic - People • Material - People living in the society • Proximate - Families • Remote - Individuals • Formal - Moral union of will.
  10. 10. Extrinsic - Love for common good • Final - Common good • Agent - Government officials • Instrumental - Political authority • Principal - Justice • Primary- Principle of solidarity, of subsidiarity, of participation • Secondary - Liberalism and
  11. 11. COMMON GOOD – FINAL CAUSE OF SOCIETY Totality of all social conditions that allows people as groups and as individuals to reach their proper fulfilment – is what is morally good for man as man.
  12. 12. BREAKDOWN OF DEFINITION Very basis which justifies public authority or makes it necessary. Ultimate goal which civil authority strives to attain. Premised on the assumption that every man has the right to all he needs. Based on the moral order. It builds on the notion and principles of right and wrong. Not amoral.
  13. 13. PREREQUISITES OF COMMON GOOD  All citizens enjoy freedom (of will), peace and security.  Freedom is exercised according to right reason; respect for natural law.  Protection of person’s fundamental rights.  Each individual can develop to his/her fullest.
  14. 14. UNIVERSAL COMMON GOOD Concept of common good as applied to the good of the entire world and the whole creation. Greatly helped by worldwide collaboration since we all suffer or benefit, in one way or another, from each other.
  15. 15. PRIMARY PRINCIPLES THE PRINCIPLE OF SOLIDARITY • It is also called “Principle of Fellowship”. • Solidarity is unity (as of a group or class) that produces or is based on community of interests, objectives, and standards. It refers to the ties in a society that bind people together as one.
  16. 16. • It requires that all units of society – the individual, the family, various institutions like schools, churches, etc. – regardless of size, must actively and selflessly participate in managing all economic, political, and cultural activities. • There must be a sense of cooperation among the people in working for the common good of their society.
  17. 17. THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY • It is also called “Principle of Supplementary Assistance”. • Subsidiarity is an organising principle of decentralisation, stating that a matter ought to be handled by the smallest, lowest, or least centralised authority capable of addressing that matter effectively. The Oxford English Dictionary defines subsidiarity as the idea that a central authority should have a subsidiary function, performing only those tasks which cannot be performed effectively at a more immediate or local level.
  18. 18. • It maintains the relationship between the state or any higher body and the lower bodies that is conducive to or favourable to attaining the common good.
  19. 19. THE PRINCIPLE OF PARTICIPATION • Participation can be expressed essentially in a series of activities by means of which the citizens either as an individual or in association with others, whether directly or through representation, contributes to the cultural, economic, political, and social life of the civil community to which he or she belongs.
  20. 20. • I t devel ops t he qual i t i es of t he per son, especi al l y i n t he sense of i ni t i at i ve and r esponsi bi l i t y and hel ps guar ant ee hi s/her r i ght s. • I t al so seeks and f aci l i t at es t he i nvol vement of t hose pot ent i al l y af f ect ed by or i nt er est ed i n a deci si on, hol ds t hat t hose who ar e af f ect ed by a deci si on have a r i ght t o be i nvol ved i n t he deci si on-maki ng pr ocess, and i mpl i es t hat t he publ i c's cont r i but i on wi l l i nf l uence t he deci si on.
  21. 21. LIBERALISM AND SOCIALISM Liberalism • Espouses individualism which naturally leads to free enterprise and competition. • It gets bad when profit is made supreme good to which values, morals, and other higher good may be ignored or sacrificed in
  22. 22. Socialism • Wreaks greater havoc as its effects on man and his society far exceeds those of liberalism. • Attacks on our person is conscious, deliberate and premeditated. • Based on wrong assumptions that only universal social is real and therefore the only one that counts.