Presentasi Metode Penelitian Sosial- Babbie Ch. 11

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Ini adalah salah satu teknik pengumpulan data pada penelitian kuantitatif dengan memanfaatkan existing documents atau statistik.

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Presentasi Metode Penelitian Sosial- Babbie Ch. 11

  1. 1. ANALYZING EXISTINGSTATISTICS/DOCUMENTS BABBIE Ch. 11 METODE PENELITIAN SOSIAL By: Alvin Agustino Saputra
  2. 2. Paradigma dan Metode Penelitian dalam Ilmu Sosial Pendekatan Pendekatan Subyektif/Interpretif/Obyektif/Positivistik/Saintifik/Il Naturalistik/Alamiah -miah Metode Kuantitatif Metode Kualitatif TECHNIQUES FOR DATA COLLECTION Penelitian Penelitian Penelitian isi/teks media isi/teks media Penelitian Lapangan (Unobtrusive): (Unobtrusive): Lapangan (Obtrusive): 1. Case Study 1. Content (Obtrusive):1. Survei 2. Fenomeno- Analysis 1. Analisis logi2. Eksperi- 2. Existing Framing 3. Etnometo- men Statistics/Do 2. Analisis dologi3. Field -cuments Wacana 4. Etnografi Research 3. Secondary 3. Semiotik 5. Biografi4. Focus Research 6. Grounded 4. Comparative Metode 4. Hermeneu Group Theory & Historical Gabungan -tik (FG) 7. Interaksi Research Simbolik
  3. 3. What is Analyzing Existing Statistics ?A VARIETY OF GOVERNMENT ANDNONGOVERNMENT AGENCIES PROVIDEAGGREGATE STATISTICAL DATA FOR STUDYINGASPECTS OF SOCIAL LIFE.EXISTING STATISTICS MAY BE THE MAINSOURCE OF DATA OR A SUPPLEMENTAL SOURCEOF DATA.EXAMPLE: DURKHEIM’S STUDY OF SUICIDEDURKHEIM RELIED UPON EXISTING STATISTICS AT THE LEVEL OFNATIONSTATE TO UNDERSTAND THE LINK BETWEEN SOCIALINTEGRATION INTO SOCIETY AND THE SUICIDE RATE.
  4. 4. Why Use Existing Statistical Analysis?1. WE WANT TO SUMMARIZE SOMEDATA IN A SHORTER FORM.2. WE ARE TRYING TO UNDERSTANDSOME PROCESS AND POSSIBLEPREDICT BASED ON THISUNDERSTANDING.
  5. 5. Analyzing Existing StatisticsUnits of Analysis-Often times, existing statistics on individualsare aggregated to large geographicunits, which makes it difficult to studyindividuals- In particular, there is the risk of theecological fallacyAggregate vs. Individual
  6. 6. Advantages of Existing Statistics- HEMAT WAKTU DAN BIAYA- DAPAT MELAKUKAN ANALISIS ANTAR WAKTU: MELIHAT TREN  PERUBAHAN YANG TERJADI- LEBIH BANYAK WAKTU UNTUK ANALISIS DATA- MENAWARKAN INTERPRETASI YANG BERBEDA DENGAN SEBELUMNYA- PENGGUNAAN YANG MAKSIMAL DARI RISET YANG TELAH DILAKUKAN  KEWAJIBAN PENELITI
  7. 7. Limitation of Existing Statistics- USE EXISTING STATISTICS NOT APPROPRIATEFOR HIS/HER RESEARCH QUESTION- THE RESEARCHER DOES NOT UNDERSTAND THESUBSTANTIVE TOPIC- THE FALLACY OF MISPLACED CONCRETENESS
  8. 8. Problems of Validity- Because prior research may not have measured exactly whatthe researcher is interested in studying, the variables may notbe completely valid.- A proxy for a construct- No control over how information is collectedProblems of Reliability- Researchers are limited by quality of existing statistics- If little effect was made to ensure reliability in the originaldata collection project, then the measures are less thanreliable-Think about the demographic and economic statistics in manyless developing countries
  9. 9. Sources of Existing Statistics• DATA ARE AVAILABLE FROM A VARIETY OFSOURCES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND OTHERNGOS.-STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES(HTTP://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/COMPENDIA/STATAB/)- DEMOGRAPHIC YEARBOOK(HTTP://UNSTATS.UN.ORG/UNSD/DEMOGRAPHIC/PRODUCTS/DYB/DYB2.HTM)- WORLD BANK STATISTICS(HTTP://DATA.WORLDBANK.ORG/)- UNESCO INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS(HTTP://WWW.UIS.UNESCO.ORG/PAGES/DEFAULT.ASPX)- WORLD LABOR STATISTICS FROM ILO(HTTP://LABORSTA.ILO.ORG/)- HONG KONG CENSUS & STATISTICS DEPARTMENT(HTTP://WWW.CENSTATD.GOV.HK/HOME/INDEX.JSP)- NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA(HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/ENGLISH/)

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