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Latin markets bogotá 2014


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Latin markets bogotá 2014

  1. 1. No lost causes Reflections on Colombia: Leadership, transformation and International Affairs REMARKS BY ALVARO URIBE VELEZ
  2. 2. Introduction  I have been asked to talk about leadership and transformation based on our government experience.  When I was asked to do that, I felt that this should be the opportunity to express that what Colombia has experienced is not only my success as President, nor only the success of my administration. It was and it should be always remembered as the success of a whole nation that recovered CONFIDENCE and decided to mobilize in order to build a better future.  As President I had the privilege of counting with the support of my fellow citizens to put in place the concept of a Comunitary State built in the fertile ground of DEMOCRATIC SECURITY, INVESTOR CONFIDENCE AND SOCIAL COHESION. This is the story I want to share with you today
  4. 4. Colombia long history of violence  Colombia’s history has been signed by long periods of violence: In almost 200 years of independent live, our nation has only experienced 47 years of relative peace.  Violence has taken many forms:  Regional and political organization struggles in the XIX Century.  Partisan violence from 1900-1958  Guerrilla confrontation since 1960  Narco-Terrorism since 1980’s  Violence has affected the lives of many Colombians:  My father was killed in a kidnapping attempt. I have suffered in my own skin the cruelty of terrorism. For that reason I have fought to liberate my nation from the reign of fear.
  5. 5. Violence destroyed hope  Between 1982 and 2002 violence kept on deteriorating and became the root of structural problems: lack of investment, unemployment, poverty, brain drain, lack of hope.  In 2002 Colombia's was considered by many multilateral organizations, as a nation in the path of becoming a failed state.  The numbers made evident that we were experiencing a Confidence Deficit:  28.837 homicides  2.882 kidnappings  69 homicides per 100.000 habitants  1645 terrorist attacks  350 mayors out of their municipalities  158 municipalities without police  Unemployment was close to 16%  Poverty close to 57%  Per Capita income US$2300  FDI: US$2.1 billion  Investment as % of GDP: 16%  Guerrillas, Paramilitaries and drug dealers exercised control in many regions
  6. 6. Many people fought to reach peace in good faith  Gilberto Echeverri and Guillermo Gaviria thought in good faith that violence ought to be fought through peaceful dialogue…  They decided to organize a walk for peace. During the endeavor they were kidnapped by FARC…  My desire when I took office was to release all the kidnapped citizens, beginning with Gilberto and Guillermo.  The failure of their rescue operation  Assume responsibility  Moment of truth  The need to continue our fight against terror.
  7. 7. Personal experiences with violence  Captain Franco visits our home…  EPL kidnapping attempt  Many attempts on my life  Our fight was to restore true peace in Colombia under the principles of justice and order.
  8. 8. My professional lessons  EPM  Secretary General of the Labour Ministry  Colombian National Aviation Bureau  Mayor of Medellin  City Council  Senator  Governor 1. Antioquia First 2. Community Councils 3. Management by Results 4. Communitary State
  9. 9. Perseverance and confidence
  10. 10. Our government agenda  Colombia needed a change.  In 2000 I decided to run for President building an agenda by listening to the people and engaging in permanent dialogue:  Democratic Workshops  People coalition  Independent candidacy  Primero Colombia  We built our change agenda with the People:  Confidence was our cornerstone  A new concept of State…”The Communitary State”: • No division between left and right • No Neoliberalism nor Socialism • Pure Democratic Center • A participative State • An efficient state not a bureaucratic State  Strong hand and big heart: Mano firme corazón grande  Democratic Manifesto: 100 Points  Three Pillars: • Democratic Security • Investment with fraternity • Social Cohesion as the final objective
  11. 11. The 3 pillars in Government Democratic Security Security for All Fight all forms of crime Security without Martial Law Security with liberties and Human Rights Victims recognition Investment with Social Responsibility Investor Security (Human, Legal and Political) Sound Macroeconomics Incentives Access to markets Competitiveness Factors (Infrastructure, Connectivity, Banking,) Social Cohesion Education Revolution Health with coverage and quality Access to credit (Banca de oportunidades) Vocational Training Conditional Cash Transfers
  12. 12. The Three Pillars in Government: Change is possible The combination of our Policies produced significant results: Lowest violence levels in two decades, highest levels of social coverage in Colombian History and highest levels Security Economy Indicator 2002 2010 Homicides 28.838 14.000 Kidnappings 2.882 228 Homicides per 100K Habitants 69 35 Terrorist attacks 1.645 250 Municipalities without mayors presence 350 0 Municipalities without police 158 0 Indicator 2002 2010 Average Economic Growth 2.1% 4.3% GDP per Capita 2377 5300 Invest % GDP 16.5% 27% Exports US$ 11.000 US$ 39.000 FDI US$ 2.100 US$ 7.000 Inflation 6.9% 2.5% Social Indicator 2002 2010 Unemployment 16.2% 11.6% Health Coverage 25.1 million 43.1 million Pension affiliates 4.5 million 7.1 million Poverty 53% 37% Education coverage (Primary, Hs, University) 97% 57% 24% 100% 79.4% 35.5% Mobile phone users 4.6 million lines 41 million lines of Exports and FDI in more than 5 decades
  13. 13. Change drivers Change Drivers 1. 306 Communitarian Councils • Changed the way in which the government connects with the people. For the first time Government talks to the people not the armed groups • People initially made their claims with anger and after 8 years with hope 2. Weekly Security Councils • Helped us confront the military forces statistics with the community • Great example of trust building 3. 52 Economic dialogues • Helped discuss economic policy with all the stakeholders 4. Result Driven Administration • We created the SIGOB a system to monitor how Government fulfils its objectives 5. Leading by example • The President was on top of the agenda and involved 24/7 6. Direct Democracy (Sate of opinion) • The Government always open for people scrutiny • T.V. Questions for the FTA 7. Determination to find solutions • Less promises but more solutions 8. Communication with the truth • The case of Governor Gaviria and Minister Echeverry
  14. 14. Security as the Heart of Change Recovering Security 1. Macro Vision and Detailed Follow up: • Daily commitment to monitor security in every region • How citizens had the President Mobile Phone Number 2. Early Victories : • Road caravans • Massive kidnappings are over 3. Strategic Force Integration • All Forces working together • Share success 4. National Informant Network • Citizens became active in denouncing criminals • Reward Mondays 5. Commander in Chief assumes responsibility • The Granda Story • Operation Fenix: Fire the Air Force Commander • Operation Jaque: The pressure for a humanitarian exchange and the final outcome 6. Smart Weapons: • The importance of strategic warfare 7. Extradition: • The decision to extradite the Paramilitary Kingpins
  15. 15. U.S. Bipartisan support for Colombia: Clinton, Bush, Obama Political support against terrorism U.S. Support to Colombia Lessons Military Support Development Aid Support Judicial Support Trade Support Diplomatic Support
  16. 16. Responsibility and loyalty
  17. 17. Facing crisis: perseverance to reach change  Moments of truth: 1. Nogal Bomb: Bogota cries but never surrenders 2. Killing of 11 regional senators: Facing their families when rejecting humanitarian exchanges 3. The rescue of Fernando Araujo 4. Meeting Chavez after the Bombardment in Ecuador: a debate in live T.V. 5. The rescue of National University President 6. The story of Emmanuel 7. The military agreement with the U.S.
  18. 18. Changing Mindsets Old concept Internal conflict Political Fighters Political negotiations Humanitarian exchange New mindset Terrorist threat Terrorists Rule of law application under the principles of justice, peace and reparation Kidnapping shall not be legitimized (Military Rescue) Remember meeting with Chirac in France
  19. 19. Context and leadership matter for Change Leadership and country conditions are essential for political will  Leadership:  Congruence  Consistency  Competence  Caring  Energy  Honesty  Love Democratic Tradition Country Conditions Matter Colombia Professional Armed Forces Vibrant Private Sector Active and courageous middle class Rule of Law Entrepreneurial Spirit
  20. 20. Colombia had also important conditions to embrace change Democratic Tradition Country Conditions Matter Colombia Professional Armed Forces Vibrant Private Sector Rule of law Active and courageous middle class
  21. 21. Historical changes took place  Leadership, governance based on citizen support and political Will, helped built significant historical changes in strategic sectors:  Reform the oil and gas sector: 1. Colombia is close to produce 1 million barrels per day from 250.000 in 2002 2. Ecopetrol Reform 3. Created the National Hydrocarbon Agency  Reform the Telecom Sector: 1. Restructure the Colombian Telecommunications Agency  Reform the Colombian Social Security Agency  More than 2.000 criminals were extradited  Paramilitary structures were dismantled  FARC suffered its biggest historical defeats  Colombia experienced its largest historical FDI flows  Biggest historical reduction in illicit crops  More than 10 FTA’s signed and negotiated  Largest historical health and education coverage  Largest historical credit expansion  Largest historical tourism flows to the country THIS CHANGE SHOWED THE WORLD THAT COLOMBIA WAS NOT A LOST CAUSE….
  22. 22. Colombia current challenges
  23. 23. Challenges that will define our future Security Maintain Macro- Vision and Micro- Management Continue dismantling all terrorist organizations Continue dismantling drug cartels apparatus Strengthen Citizen Security agendas with local authorities Economic Maintain and increase FDI flows (Security, incentives and stability rules) Fiscal Policy to face new countercyclical challenges Increase tax collections Social Cohesion Fight labor informality and create quality jobs Insure education and health quality Expand vocational training coverage Create Entrepreneurial Family Transfers program Political Judicial reform Improve local institutional capacity New law implementation (Victims and land) Prevent the emergence of populist movements
  24. 24.