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Improve education, productivity and health via brain enhancement

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Experts at the leading edge of brain science and technology shared best practices to link brain health and mental health with wider priorities such as educational outcomes, workplace performance and resilience, lifelong learning, general happiness and well-being.
--Chair: Alexan­dra More­house, Chief Marketing Officer of Banner Health
--Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, Founder and Chief Director of the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas
--Scott Pawson, Sr. Product Manager, New Product Lead at Pearson Clinical Assessment
--Dr. Kenneth Kosik, Co-Director of the Neuroscience Research Institute at UC-Santa Barbara

Learn more at sharpbrains.com

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Improve education, productivity and health via brain enhancement

  1. 1. Improve education, productivity and health via brain enhancement
  2. 2. Sponsors Welcome!
  3. 3. Welcome!
  4. 4. Improve education, productivity and health via brain enhancement Chaired by: Alexandra Morehouse, Chief Marketing Officer, Banner Health Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, Founder & Chief Director, Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas Scott Pawson, New Product Lead, Cognitive & Neurobehavior Group, Pearson Clinical Assessment Dr. Kenneth Kosik, Co-Director, Neuroscience Research Institute, University of California Santa Barbara
  5. 5. Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, Founder & Chief Director, Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas
  6. 6. Consequences of low brain health: poor performance, reduced resilience and diminished mental health
  7. 7. We each have immense under-utilized potential and mental fortitude ready to be harnessed
  8. 8. Lifespan Doubles Brainspan Hertzog et al., Psych. Science, 2009.Source: Indur M. Goklany. “The Improving State of our World” Washington, DC Cato Institute, 2007. 36. France used as a proxy for Developed Nations 1900 and earlier
  9. 9. Precision BrainHealth Focus • Prime • Pump up • Potentiate Utilize multi- dimensional approach
  10. 10. DETOX Technology
  11. 11. DEEP INTEGRATIVE THINKING
  12. 12. High-Impact Frontal Networks ADAPTABILITY (fronto-parietal network) STABILITY (cingulo-opercular network) Chapman SB, Aslan S, et al, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2016.
  13. 13. Immense Potential to Enhance Brain Performance
  14. 14. Chapman, Aslan et al., 2015, Cerebral Cortex Healthy Adults: 30.6% increase in neural speed/synchrony frontal lobe networks
  15. 15. Individuals can prevent and regain losses with strategic thinking tools Up to 12% increase in brain blood flow Linked to cognitive gains
  16. 16. Complex problem solving Novel thinking Emotional intelligence Judgment & decision making Agility & flexibility Strategic leadership SMART brain builds strong frontal networks. Top skills needed next decade
  17. 17. Digital Assessment and Intervention in Professional Settings Scott Pawson Sr. Product Manager New Product Lead Sharp Brains Summit, Dec. 2016
  18. 18. Pearson Clinical Assessment  We work with education and health professionals in the service of their students and clients  We publish digital assessments used to assist in understanding educational and clinical difficulties, diagnosis, monitoring progress, illuminate challenges  Q-interactive, Q-global platforms  AIMSweb  Quotient, Innerview  Professionals also want help in answering the “so what” question  So what can we do, now that we know that?  We are adding more and more interventions to our portfolio
  19. 19. The ‘New’ Pearson  We are undergoing a significant transformation toward a digital business  Digital innovation is at the forefront of what we do  A trial and error process and often very nascent  Technology enables us to do more to meet the needs of professionals – but also their clients, patients and students  Efficacy is at the core of what we do at Pearson. We must demonstrate that our solutions work in the way that they are intended to
  20. 20. Our Interest in Digital Brain Health  We’ve been in the business since 1921!  Helping people make progress through their lives is what we do, and increasing their capacity to do so is critical to success.  There is more to healthcare than pharmaceutical treatments.  Technology is quickly changing the way people do their work everywhere, including of course education and healthcare.
  21. 21. Our Cognitive Intervention platforms  We provide evidence based intervention tools that are directed and supported by our professional customers  Technology supports the work of clinicians and educators  Cogmed provides Working Memory Training for ages 4 and up and is used in education, healthcare and private practice settings  Targeting those with working memory constraints  25-45 minutes per day, 3-5 days per week, 5-7 weeks  RehaCom provides cognitive rehabilitation for patients age 6 and up in inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation from CVA, TBI, & degenerative diseases (eg. MS)  20+ therapy modules in Attention, Memory, Executive Functions and Visual Field
  22. 22. Our “treatment” approach  Results from professional assessments provide insight into the direction of treatment  Digital treatment options provide for standardized, repeatable, efficient and configurable training in core functions leading to better outcomes  Professional coaching and oversight is a CRITICAL part of the model for both Cogmed and RehaCom  Professionals can target specific training based on the needs of the individual client  “training” or “rehabilitation” is difficult and must be encouraged and supported  There must be significant, sustained effort to achieve results
  23. 23. Opportunities  Digital integration of assessments and interventions and progress monitoring provides efficiency in the practitioner’s workflow  Highly engaging and effective assessments & treatments that are targeted, individualized and efficient  Ability to provide value throughout the education and healthcare journey thus improving overall outcomes
  24. 24. Channel Challenges Digital adoption by the professional community can be slow Professionals don’t want to be replaced Complex sales cycles in professional settings  Difficult to work in paper and digital simultaneously
  25. 25. Efficacy Challenges  Validity of digital assessments is becoming more known and understood BUT  In education cognitive training provides a foundation for educational success  But – what about reading and mathematics – no curriculum for cognitive health  ‘Far transfer’ is very complex and can be elusive  In healthcare, evidence based practice is key  Peer-reviewed evidence for cognitive training is strong in many areas and relatively nascent in others  Some want to have it all before they start  Public and professional skepticism regarding the brain training industry
  26. 26. What do we need to do? Continue to invest in and encourage research Limit claims to what we know we can do  Cogmed claims based on evidence from 100+ peer- reviewed articles Embrace the unknowns…. There is still A LOT to learn! Contact details: scott.pawson@pearson.com http://www.linkedin.com/in/scottpawson
  27. 27. Brain Repair and Enhancement: Going Beyond the Brain Kenneth S. Kosik, M.D. Harriman Professor of Neuroscience Co-Director, Neuroscience Research Institute University of California, Santa Barbara Author of: Outsmarting Alzheimer’s: What you can do to reduce your risk The Alzheimer’s Solution: How Today's Care Is Failing Millions- and How We Can Do Better
  28. 28. Enhancement by delivering drugs/stem cells Enhancement by extending brain connectivity with devices Making the Brain Sharper Methylphenidate Donepezil Galantamine Rivastigmine Modafinil •Internet •Virtual Reality •Augmented Reality
  29. 29. Medical Risks – Blood Pressure – Lipid Profile – Blood Sugar Life Style Risks – Sedentary behavior – Poor Diet – Stress – Social Isolation – Low level education – Sleep Deprivation The Sine Qua Non of Brain Enhancement Risk reduction
  30. 30. Enhancement by extending the brain with smart devices & smart apps FIXED: The Science/Fiction of Human Enhancement Apps implement complex functions: Bank tellers—ATMs Super market check out--scanners & bar codes Toll booths—Ezpass Parking Garages--automatic pay Retail stores--web-based shopping Accountants—on line taxes Social life/bars—on line dating Factory work--3D printers Pilots-computerized cockpit (driverless cars) Teachers—MOOCs Navigation--GPS Doctors—WebMD
  31. 31. Enhancement by extending the brain with artificial appendages Haptic—pressure, texture (touch + time), etc motor Javier Jaen, The New Yorker Detaching an artificial limb from the body = a robot
  32. 32. Input information to generate perceptions/ to make decisions Point at which information rises to consciousness •Automated devices must encode rare contingencies •Ability to anticipate the future enhanced by a richer store of information --Web-based compilation of data. •How much information do we need to be conscious of?
  33. 33. Open Loop Closed Loop Input contains all necessary information Input only contains initial information and use feedback control
  34. 34. Memory Systems Google glass --too slow Internet --too slow Libraries too slow
  35. 35. Making the Brain Sharper TMS DBS Synthetic memory chips Going Deep
  36. 36. Storage Retrieval Separating memory storage and retrieval Memory allocation consolidation Re-consolidation
  37. 37. Josselyn SA et al., Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2015 Networks Involved in Consolidation and Reconsolidation
  38. 38. Spikes are the Language of Neurons
  39. 39. Training data Neuronal Circuitry at High Temporal Resolution
  40. 40. AlphaGO Beats Go Champion Deep learning Intuition https://www.datarobot.com/blog/a-primer-on-deep-learning/ This research was sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under Cooperative Agreement Number W911NF-15-2-0056. The views, opinions, and/or findings contained in this material are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official views or policies of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government. Predicting neural activity
  41. 41. Q&A
  42. 42. Thank you to all Participants!
  43. 43. Sponsors Thank you to all Speakers & Sponsors!
  44. 44. To learn more, visit sharpbrains.com

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