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How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure
appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
Yesterday in the news…
Dr. Eddie Martucci
CEO of Akili
Interactive Labs
The future of tDCS: ensuring appropriate use by clinicians, patients and
consumers of the future
Anthony Lee; Photo credit...
Transcranial direct current
stimulation (tDCS)
Deep brain
stimulation (DBS)
Electroconvulsive
therapy (ECT)
Transcranial direct current
stimulation (tDCS)
tDCS
Research
Clinical
Populations
Healthy
Populations
Depression
Chronic pain
Stroke
Schizophrenia
Alzheimer’s
Parkinson’...
tDCS for consumers
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
2016
Do-it-yourself (DIY) Direct-to-consumer (DtC)
tDCS in the clinic
Administration/prescription of drugs is relatively well regulated in the US, but
administration/use of ...
Researchers
Medical
practitioners/therapists
Consumers/home
users
Use tDCS in the laboratory
Apply tDCS to subjects
Primar...
Researchers
Medical
practitioners/therapists
Consumers/home
users
Use tDCS in the laboratory
Apply tDCS to subjects
Primar...
Post-doctoral fellow, Department of
Medical Ethics & Health Policy
Perelman School of Medicine, University of
Pennsylvania...
SCALING
NEUROTECHNOLOGIES
@OULLIER
@OULLIER
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@OULLIER
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@OULLIER
@
@OULLIER
@
@OULLIER
@
@OULLIER
@
@OULLIER
@
institutorodrigomendes.org.br
@OULLIER
@
@OULLIER
@
whill.us
totalgaming.co.uk/
SCALING
NEUROTECHNOLOGIES
@OULLIER
Cognitive enhancement in the
workplace
Peter B. Reiner
National Core for Neuroethics
University of British Columbia
How will employers view use of
cognitive enhancers?
• Interviewing for 1st job
• Competitive
• Interviewing for 1st job
• Competitive
“Did you ever use Ritalin or Adderall
to improve your grades?”
• Interviewing for 1st job
• Competitive
“Did you ever use Ritalin or Adderall
to improve your grades?”
Never Used Occasio...
Likely to hire?
Without
Prescription
With
Prescription
Red
Bull
0
20
40
60
80
100
Never Used Used
Likely to hire?
Without
Prescription
With
Prescription
Red
Bull
0
20
40
60
80
100
Never Used Used
Likely to hire?
Without
Prescription
With
Prescription
Red
Bull
0
20
40
60
80
100
Never Used Used
Legitimacy of past performance
Future trustworthiness
Future productivity
Legitimacy of past performance
Future trustworthiness
Future productivity
Character
Pharmacological
Calvinism
Interviewing for promotion
Likely to promote?
Without
Prescription
With
Prescription
Red
Bull
0
20
40
60
80
100
Never Used Used
Interviewing for a job
Superior qualifications
Likely to hire?
0
25
50
75
100
Never Used Used
3.2 GPA 4.0 GPA
Interviewing for promotion
Superior qualifications
Likely to promote?
0
25
50
75
100
Never Used Used
$100K $200K
Pharmacological
Calvinism
Cognitive enhancement in the
workplace
Peter B. Reiner
National Core for Neuroethics
University of British Columbia
Thank you, Speakers & Participants!
Thank you, Summit Sponsors!
Thank you, Summit Partners!
To learn more, visit sharpbrains.com
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompas...
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How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompassing lifestyle, supplements, brain training, meditation, bio/ neurofeedback, tDCS and more?

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*Dr. Eddie Martucci, Co-Founder and CEO of Akili Interactive Labs
*Dr. Anna Wexler, science writer, filmmaker and postdoc fellow at the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at UPenn’s Perelman School of Medicine
*Dr. Olivier Oullier, President of EMOTIV
*Dr. Peter Reiner, Co-Founder of the National Core for Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia
*Chaired by: Dr. Alison Fenney, Executive Director of the Neurotechnology Industry Organization (NIO)

*Álvaro Fernández, CEO and Editor-in-Chief of SharpBrains
*Sarah Lenz Lock, Senior Vice President for Policy at AARP and Executive Director of the Global Council on Brain Health (GCBH)
*Dr. April Benasich, Director of the Baby Lab at the Rutgers Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience
*Chaired by: Dr. Cori Lathan, Co-Chair of the World Economic Forum’s Council on the Future of Human Enhancement

Slidedeck supporting session held during the 2017 SharpBrains Virtual Summit: Brain Health & Enhancement in the Digital Age (December 5-7th). Learn more at: https://sharpbrains.com/summit-2017/

Published in: Health & Medicine
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How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompassing lifestyle, supplements, brain training, meditation, bio/ neurofeedback, tDCS and more?

  1. 1. How will the Clinicians, Patients and Consumers of the Future ensure appropriate use of brain enhancement methods encompassing lifestyle, supplements, brain training, meditation, bio/ neurofeedback, tDCS and more? Dr. Anna Wexler, science writer, filmmaker and postdoc fellow at the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at UPenn’s Perelman School of Medicine Dr. Eddie Martucci, Co- Founder and CEO of Akili Interactive Labs Dr. Olivier Oullier, President of EMOTIV Dr. Peter Reiner, Co-Founder of the National Core for Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia Chaired by: Dr. Alison Fenney, Executive Director of the Neurotechnology Industry Organization (NIO)
  2. 2. Yesterday in the news… Dr. Eddie Martucci CEO of Akili Interactive Labs
  3. 3. The future of tDCS: ensuring appropriate use by clinicians, patients and consumers of the future Anthony Lee; Photo credit, David Yellen (IEEE Spectrum, 3/14/14) Anna Wexler SharpBrains Virtual Summit | December 5, 2017 Post-doctoral fellow, Department of Medical Ethics & Health Policy Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
  4. 4. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)
  5. 5. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)
  6. 6. tDCS Research Clinical Populations Healthy Populations Depression Chronic pain Stroke Schizophrenia Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s Anxiety Motor disorders Epilepsy and more… Motor skills Memory Creativity Problem-solving Language Mathematics Attention Perception Executive function and more… tDCS in the laboratory
  7. 7. tDCS for consumers
  8. 8. 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Do-it-yourself (DIY) Direct-to-consumer (DtC)
  9. 9. tDCS in the clinic Administration/prescription of drugs is relatively well regulated in the US, but administration/use of medical devices (i.e., those providing brain stimulation) is not
  10. 10. Researchers Medical practitioners/therapists Consumers/home users Use tDCS in the laboratory Apply tDCS to subjects Primary purpose: research Controlled/regulated environment Use tDCS at home Apply tDCS to themselves Primary purpose: self- improvement Uncontrolled environment Use tDCS in the clinic Apply tDCS to clients/patients Primary purpose: clinical treatment Semi-controlled environment
  11. 11. Researchers Medical practitioners/therapists Consumers/home users Use tDCS in the laboratory Apply tDCS to subjects Primary purpose: research Controlled/regulated environment Use tDCS at home Apply tDCS to themselves Primary purpose: self- improvement Uncontrolled environment Use tDCS in the clinic Apply tDCS to clients/patients Primary purpose: clinical treatment Semi-controlled environment How can we ensure appropriate use across these three domains?
  12. 12. Post-doctoral fellow, Department of Medical Ethics & Health Policy Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Anna Wexler Thank you! awex@upenn.edu
  13. 13. SCALING NEUROTECHNOLOGIES @OULLIER
  14. 14. @OULLIER @
  15. 15. @OULLIER @
  16. 16. @OULLIER @
  17. 17. @OULLIER @
  18. 18. @OULLIER @
  19. 19. @OULLIER @
  20. 20. @OULLIER @
  21. 21. institutorodrigomendes.org.br @OULLIER @
  22. 22. @OULLIER @ whill.us totalgaming.co.uk/
  23. 23. SCALING NEUROTECHNOLOGIES @OULLIER
  24. 24. Cognitive enhancement in the workplace Peter B. Reiner National Core for Neuroethics University of British Columbia
  25. 25. How will employers view use of cognitive enhancers?
  26. 26. • Interviewing for 1st job • Competitive
  27. 27. • Interviewing for 1st job • Competitive “Did you ever use Ritalin or Adderall to improve your grades?”
  28. 28. • Interviewing for 1st job • Competitive “Did you ever use Ritalin or Adderall to improve your grades?” Never Used Occasionally Used
  29. 29. Likely to hire? Without Prescription With Prescription Red Bull 0 20 40 60 80 100 Never Used Used
  30. 30. Likely to hire? Without Prescription With Prescription Red Bull 0 20 40 60 80 100 Never Used Used
  31. 31. Likely to hire? Without Prescription With Prescription Red Bull 0 20 40 60 80 100 Never Used Used
  32. 32. Legitimacy of past performance Future trustworthiness Future productivity
  33. 33. Legitimacy of past performance Future trustworthiness Future productivity Character
  34. 34. Pharmacological Calvinism
  35. 35. Interviewing for promotion
  36. 36. Likely to promote? Without Prescription With Prescription Red Bull 0 20 40 60 80 100 Never Used Used
  37. 37. Interviewing for a job Superior qualifications
  38. 38. Likely to hire? 0 25 50 75 100 Never Used Used 3.2 GPA 4.0 GPA
  39. 39. Interviewing for promotion Superior qualifications
  40. 40. Likely to promote? 0 25 50 75 100 Never Used Used $100K $200K
  41. 41. Pharmacological Calvinism
  42. 42. Cognitive enhancement in the workplace Peter B. Reiner National Core for Neuroethics University of British Columbia
  43. 43. Thank you, Speakers & Participants!
  44. 44. Thank you, Summit Sponsors!
  45. 45. Thank you, Summit Partners!
  46. 46. To learn more, visit sharpbrains.com

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