Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Maximizing the peak performance of 
astronauts, leaders…and everyone else
Sponsors 
Welcome!
Maximizing the peak performance of 
astronauts, leaders…and everyone else 
Chaired by: Rajiv Pant, 
Chief Technology Offic...
Maximizing the peak performance of 
astronauts, leaders…and everyone else 
Dr. Susan Jewell, 
President of International 
...
THE INTEGRATION OF YOGA AND MINDFULNESS MEDITATION AS 
COUNTERMEASURES FOR MAINTAINING ANALOG ASTRONAUTS 
MENTAL HEALTH AN...
NASA MISSION OBJECTIVE 
NASA has a crew health risk mitigation directorate for a 
human performance and operational readin...
Research Objectives 
 A qualitative, anecdotal protocol development and 
feasibility pilot study assessing utility and be...
PHYSIOLOGICAL DECONDITiONING: SPACE AFFECTS ALL SYSTEMS IN THE HUMAN BODY 
FACE: bodily fluids migrate upwards , facial sw...
PSYCHOLOGICAL “SPACE STUPIDS” 
Article published BBC Online Report, 7th October 2014, entitled 
“Why astronauts get the ‘s...
EARTH MARS ANALOG ENVIRONMENTS 
NASA FUNDED HISEAS: Hawaii Space Exploration Analog Simulation 
FMARS:Flashline Mars Artic...
Space and Mind 
Problems in Space Flight and Terrestrial Analog Environments 
(Anecdoctal and Reported) 
Anxiety, depressi...
MARS ANALOG ENVIRONMENT 
Mars Desert Research Station, MDRS 
Credit: Staats/Jewell/Mars Society
Mars Desert Research Station, MDRS 
Credit: Staats/Jewell
Mars Desert Research Station MDRS 
• Total immersive Mars simulation 
• Crew live, work, sleep, eat as Analog Astronauts 
...
MarsCrew134 Analog Astronaut Expedition 
MDRS FIELD SEASON 2013-2014 
Credit: MarsCrew134 / Staats/Jewell
Credit: Staats/Jewell
ASTRO-PSYCHOLOGY: 
Qualitative Pre-pilot Study: YOGA as possible countermeasure 
for Analog Astronaut mental health and we...
AIM: The aim was to develop countermeasures and “tools" for 
maintaining psychological health and wellness and increase me...
YOGA 
A crew member experienced in yoga was assigned to lead the daily morning 
sessions. Each session lasted 30 minutes. ...
“NAO” humanoid Robotic Yoga Teacher 
Credit: Staats
“Dying Fly” Pose for Space Exploration 
Credit: Staats
MINDFULNESS MEDITATION 
during Analog Astronaut Mars Simulations 
Credit: Staats /Jewell
Mars Analog Astronaut Expedition 
MDRS FIELD SEASON 2014-2015 
13th December – 29th December 
Crew Commander *Remote Missi...
Upcoming MDRS 2014-2015 Field Season: 
A Quantitative Study using Yoga and Meditation in Analog 
Astronauts during isolati...
3D Holographic Instructors 
Yoga & Meditation Assistance Avatar 
Credit: Forever Identity
TAKE HOME MESSAGES: 
Currently, major limiting factors for success criteria in any long-duration human exploratory 
missio...
We would like to thank the following: 
MarsCrew134 Team 
MarsCrew145 Team MWOB 
Mars Desert Research Station, MDRS 
The Ma...
Maximizing the peak performance of 
astronauts, leaders…and everyone else 
Dr. Robert Bilder, 
Director of the Tennenbaum ...
Brain Optimization and the 
Neuroscience of Creativity 
Robert M Bilder, PhD 
Director, Tennenbaum Center for the Biology ...
personal brain management 
technology and design for health and happiness 
Robert M Bilder PhD 
Michael E. Tennenbaum Fami...
http://ctn.uwaterloo.ca/ 
Next stage of human 
evolution: 
Using what we 
know about the 
brain to change 
how it works.
brain-mind-wellness 
personal brain 
management 
UCLA Summer Institute: 2012 - present
UCLA Brain Fitness Center Program 
• Personalized LifeMapping 
– History, stress/trauma mapping, “Mind Sherpa” 
– Assess l...
UCLA Stress & 
Resilience 
Assessment 
Supported by: 
The American 
Association of Colleges 
& Universities, and the 
UCLA...
The UCLA Brain Grand Challenge: 
Eliminating the Burden of Depression
Creativity = The Edge of Chaos? 
• Creativity = balance between 
flexibility (novelty) and stability 
(utility or value) 
...
Functional Mapping from Circuits to Symptoms 
Do symptoms or diagnosis add useful prediction over basic measures of circui...
Are Big-C creatives outliers?
Many thanks! 
rbilder@mednet.ucla.edu 
310.825.9474 
http://www.semel.ucla.edu/creativity 
http://healthy.ucla.edu
Maximizing the peak performance of 
astronauts, leaders…and everyone else 
Dr. Bill Reichman, 
President of Baycrest
Maximizing Peak 
Performance across the lifespan 
William E. Reichman
I want to age with dignity. 
I want to live an active life. 
I want to live independently. 
I want to continue learning ne...
• Established 1918 
• Headquartered on a 22 acre campus in Toronto, Canada 
• An academic continuing care retirement commu...
Our Vision 
We will transform the experience 
of aging through leading 
innovations in brain health, 
wellness promotion, ...
• Driving innovation through integrated care, research 
and education that links patients, family caregivers, 
volunteers,...
An Interdisciplinary Team
Examples: Product Testing and Technology 
Innovation 
52
53 53 
Examples: Product Testing and Technology 
Innovation
Art on the Brain 
A brain fitness product designed for older adults 
experiencing cognitive decline featuring art educatio...
Art in Community: 
Mobile Painting 
Device 
Exploring 
Space, Color, 
Pattern 
55
& 
Dancers from the National Ballet 
School, Dancing with Parkinson’s, 
and Dance Exchange conduct 
classes focusing on 
c...
Volunteerism: 
The Bravo Project 
57 57 
Health Sciences 
 200 people aged 55+ 
(mostly retirees) 
 Studying the effects...
5588
Baycrest Learning Academy 
59 
Courses taught by University 
professors and offered weekly for 
eight consecutive weeks. 
...
Health Sciences 
Come visit us to learn more 
www.baycrest.org
 To learn more, visit SharpBrains.com
Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else
Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else
Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else
Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else
Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else

10,250 views

Published on

(Session held at the 2014 SharpBrains Virtual Summit; October 28-30th, 2014)

3–4:15pm. Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else
- Dr. Susan Jew­ell, Pres­i­dent of the Inter­na­tional Space Med­i­cine Consortium
- Dr. Robert Bilder, Chief of Med­ical Psychology-Neuropsychology at UCLA Semel Insti­tute for Neuroscience
- Dr. Bill Reich­man, Pres­i­dent of Baycrest
- Chair: Rajiv Pant, Chief Tech­nol­ogy Offi­cer of The New York Times

Learn more here:
http://sharpbrains.com/summit-2014/agenda/

Published in: Leadership & Management
  • Be the first to comment

Max­i­miz­ing the peak per­for­mance of astro­nauts, leaders…and every­one else

  1. 1. Maximizing the peak performance of astronauts, leaders…and everyone else
  2. 2. Sponsors Welcome!
  3. 3. Maximizing the peak performance of astronauts, leaders…and everyone else Chaired by: Rajiv Pant, Chief Technology Officer of The New York Times Dr. Susan Jewell, President of the International Space Medicine Consortium Dr. Robert Bilder, Director of the Tennenbaum Center For The Biology of Creativity Dr. Bill Reichman, President of Baycrest
  4. 4. Maximizing the peak performance of astronauts, leaders…and everyone else Dr. Susan Jewell, President of International Space Medicine Consortium
  5. 5. THE INTEGRATION OF YOGA AND MINDFULNESS MEDITATION AS COUNTERMEASURES FOR MAINTAINING ANALOG ASTRONAUTS MENTAL HEALTH AND WELLNESS DURING ISOLATION AND CONFINEMENT IN AN EXTREME ENVIRONMENT Susan Jewell MD SharpBrains Virtual Summit 2014 28th October 2014 Contact: drjewellmd@gmail.com
  6. 6. NASA MISSION OBJECTIVE NASA has a crew health risk mitigation directorate for a human performance and operational readiness need for technology (Technology Readiness Level, TRL) that address the serious adaptive changes in: - psychological (fatigue, sleep disorder, stress, depression) - physiological (eg cardiovascular function, muscle atrophy and deconditioning, bone loss) in crew members engaged in long-duration missions.
  7. 7. Research Objectives  A qualitative, anecdotal protocol development and feasibility pilot study assessing utility and benefits of yoga and meditation as possible countermeasures to maintain mental health and wellness with MarsCrew134 during a two-week Mars simulation Analog Astronaut Expedition at MDRS.  Conduct further iterations of the study to include quantitative data collection and to test the integration of technologies, ie, VR and Google Glass, as potential yoga and meditation delivery platforms for training mental resilience and maintaining wellness with MarsWithoutBorders, MWOB, MarsCrew145 during a two-week Mars simulation Analog Astronaut Expedition at MDRS.
  8. 8. PHYSIOLOGICAL DECONDITiONING: SPACE AFFECTS ALL SYSTEMS IN THE HUMAN BODY FACE: bodily fluids migrate upwards , facial swelling, sinus congestion, bulging veins, increases ICP vision changes HEAD: Inner ear sensors misinterpret motion causing nausea, vertigo SPINE;: reduce spinal compression causes elongation of spine ( 2-3 inches) STOMACH: motion sickness causes queasiness and vomiting KIDNEY: Bone loss raises calcium levels and spurs growth of kidney stones BONES: vertebrae, hips, femur lose 1 percent of mass per month MUSCLES: weight-bearing muscles atrophy due to lack of use LEGS: fluid redistribution causes leg shrinkage FEET: touch & pressure receptors no longer signal which way is down causing disorientation Image : US News Special edition
  9. 9. PSYCHOLOGICAL “SPACE STUPIDS” Article published BBC Online Report, 7th October 2014, entitled “Why astronauts get the ‘space stupids” ( Author Dave Robson): wrote “…Life on the International Space Station can be discombobulating (SPL)…Space can do strange things to the mind, from warped thinking to eerie feelings of disorientation..” - “Strange experience faced by astronauts: spatial disorientation, distorted vision, duller thinking, hallucinations and mood disturbances. Such experiences or “Space Stupids” could potentially put future missions in jeopardy…” http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20141007-why-astronauts-get-space-stupid
  10. 10. EARTH MARS ANALOG ENVIRONMENTS NASA FUNDED HISEAS: Hawaii Space Exploration Analog Simulation FMARS:Flashline Mars Artic Research Station, Mars Society Concordia Station, Antarctic: ESA / Italian /French Polar Institutes Credit: Mars Society/ HISEAS / ESA/ IPEV
  11. 11. Space and Mind Problems in Space Flight and Terrestrial Analog Environments (Anecdoctal and Reported) Anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, communication problems, boredom, restless, performance decrement, Interpersonal conflicts, Decline in group compatibility (Adapted from P. Santy (1997) Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences. Churchill S (ed) Malabar FL: Krieger) Adaptation to Isolation: 4 Phases of Isolation Adaptation - 1st quarter: acute adaptation to the unusual environment (hyper-excitation) - 2nd quarter: stable adaptation (with fluctuation of the psychological state) - 3rd quarter: unstable adaptation (accompanied by accumulation of fatigue, narrowing of the interests sphere, decrease of activity, irritability, aggressivity) - 4th quarter: “ final effort” period (euphoria, lack of self-control) - end of isolation period is followed by “depressional state” (extracted from The Mind in Space (Gilles Clement –ISU)
  12. 12. MARS ANALOG ENVIRONMENT Mars Desert Research Station, MDRS Credit: Staats/Jewell/Mars Society
  13. 13. Mars Desert Research Station, MDRS Credit: Staats/Jewell
  14. 14. Mars Desert Research Station MDRS • Total immersive Mars simulation • Crew live, work, sleep, eat as Analog Astronauts • Don and Duff Mock Spacesuits for EVAs • Conduct Scientific Research, Beta-test concepts • Develop technologies and capabilities • Develop Mitigation Countermeasures • Conduct Physiological, Psychological, Human Factor Studies ( eg, crew cohesion Crew selection)
  15. 15. MarsCrew134 Analog Astronaut Expedition MDRS FIELD SEASON 2013-2014 Credit: MarsCrew134 / Staats/Jewell
  16. 16. Credit: Staats/Jewell
  17. 17. ASTRO-PSYCHOLOGY: Qualitative Pre-pilot Study: YOGA as possible countermeasure for Analog Astronaut mental health and wellness Credit: Staats/Jewell
  18. 18. AIM: The aim was to develop countermeasures and “tools" for maintaining psychological health and wellness and increase mental resilience of crews living in extreme environments and during long duration space missions. METHOD: - Participants were introduced to two “familiarization" sessions for the meditation sessions and two basic yoga exercises sessions prior to start of simulation. - An initial baseline status was determined for each crew member prior to mission insertion. MEDITATION: - The project used the online pre-programmed Mindfulness Meditation audio guided meditation programs from Mindful Awareness Research Center (MARC).The Mp3 recordings were downloaded to crew computers. - - The daily 20 minute sessions were conducted in the evenings and led by a crew medical officer.
  19. 19. YOGA A crew member experienced in yoga was assigned to lead the daily morning sessions. Each session lasted 30 minutes. EVALUATION /ASSESSMENT: - Crewmembers completed daily questionnaires after each session to document subjective feedback and self-evaluation and data was collected for analysis. - Debriefing video interview recordings were obtained at the end of the mission. The information gathered were qualitative, nonsystematic, voluntary subjective reactions. The anecdotal observations could provide the basis of future systematic studies in longer duration analogue simulations. The long-term objective was to develop and expand the project into a more comprehensive research study and collation of quantitative data measurements.
  20. 20. “NAO” humanoid Robotic Yoga Teacher Credit: Staats
  21. 21. “Dying Fly” Pose for Space Exploration Credit: Staats
  22. 22. MINDFULNESS MEDITATION during Analog Astronaut Mars Simulations Credit: Staats /Jewell
  23. 23. Mars Analog Astronaut Expedition MDRS FIELD SEASON 2014-2015 13th December – 29th December Crew Commander *Remote Mission Support team Crew Health & Safety Officer, HSO *Remote Researchers /Collaborators Crew Executive Officer, XO /Geologist Crew Scientist/ Filmmaker Crew Scientist/Astronomer Crew Engineer/Robotics Crew Artist-in-Residence
  24. 24. Upcoming MDRS 2014-2015 Field Season: A Quantitative Study using Yoga and Meditation in Analog Astronauts during isolation and confinement • Aim 1: test feasibility, utility and benefits of yoga and meditation • Aim 2: test feasibility, utility and benefits of delivery of yoga and meditation as a Virtual Instructor using Virtual Reality (VR) and Google Glass • Collect quantitative data: EEG, Thermal Imaging, Biometric data, Biological Samples ( saliva, Urine) for biomakers of stress (cortisol) and inflammatory responses ( IL6, IL8, TNF) Credit: NCAM
  25. 25. 3D Holographic Instructors Yoga & Meditation Assistance Avatar Credit: Forever Identity
  26. 26. TAKE HOME MESSAGES: Currently, major limiting factors for success criteria in any long-duration human exploratory mission beyond low-earth-orbit (LEO) is the psychological and physiological components of the mind and body in microgravity and extreme environments of Space including the negative mental health effects of isolation and confinement. Maintaining astronaut mental health and wellness and mitigation countermeasure development is an important “gap” that needs to be addressed and resolved for successful long-duration exploratory space missions and future colonization of world planets, such as, Mars. Development and Integration of Yoga and Mindfulness Meditation Astronaut Training Program to maintain health and wellness during long-duration missions, in isolation and confinement, can potentially increase positive group interactions, improve crew selection process, increase the psychological training of “mental resilience”, and provide psychological support to astronauts. More research is needed to be done in this area of mental health. Development of a totally integrated human-computer–interface and incorporation of cutting-edge technologies to provide a VIRTUAL Avatar will allow an independent, autonomous crew to become untethered to Earth. Terrestrial ”spin-off” benefits can apply to many populations living in isolation and confinement on Earth, such as, military soldiers pre-post engagement; controlling aggression and violence in prison inmates; support for elderly and infirmed ( geriatric population); natural disaster areas and remote regions.
  27. 27. We would like to thank the following: MarsCrew134 Team MarsCrew145 Team MWOB Mars Desert Research Station, MDRS The Mars Society Emotiv Neuroelectric Aldebaran, Inc Robotslab FOREVER Identity Contact Information: Susan Jewell MD email: drjewellmd@gmail.com cell: 310-909-4894 skype: drjewellmd www.MarsWithoutborders.org www. spacemedicineconsortium.org www.MarsCrew134.org
  28. 28. Maximizing the peak performance of astronauts, leaders…and everyone else Dr. Robert Bilder, Director of the Tennenbaum Center for the Biology of Creativity
  29. 29. Brain Optimization and the Neuroscience of Creativity Robert M Bilder, PhD Director, Tennenbaum Center for the Biology of Creativity Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior UCLA
  30. 30. personal brain management technology and design for health and happiness Robert M Bilder PhD Michael E. Tennenbaum Family Chair of Creativity Research Professor of Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA Professor of Psychology, UCLA College of Letters & Science Director, Consortium for Neuropsychiatric Phenomics Director, Tennenbaum Family Center for the Biology of Creativity
  31. 31. http://ctn.uwaterloo.ca/ Next stage of human evolution: Using what we know about the brain to change how it works.
  32. 32. brain-mind-wellness personal brain management UCLA Summer Institute: 2012 - present
  33. 33. UCLA Brain Fitness Center Program • Personalized LifeMapping – History, stress/trauma mapping, “Mind Sherpa” – Assess long-term values, goals, objectives – Assess current brain, coping, relationship assets – Catalog current daily, weekly cycles, sleep, nutrition – Create future-directed trajectory, visualization – Specify concrete action plans, implementation • Comprehensive customized program: cognitive exercise, physical exercise, nutrition, medications, sleep, supplements, bio/neurofeedback …
  34. 34. UCLA Stress & Resilience Assessment Supported by: The American Association of Colleges & Universities, and the UCLA Healthy Campus Initiative
  35. 35. The UCLA Brain Grand Challenge: Eliminating the Burden of Depression
  36. 36. Creativity = The Edge of Chaos? • Creativity = balance between flexibility (novelty) and stability (utility or value) • Edge of Chaos: boundary between the “chaotic regime” (catastrophic entropy) and the “ordered regime” (rigid, constant) • On the edge of chaos, self-organizing systems maximize adaptation to novel environments • Tennenbaum Center focus – cross-species, across-modalities: • Novelty generation • Response inhibition • Working memory
  37. 37. Functional Mapping from Circuits to Symptoms Do symptoms or diagnosis add useful prediction over basic measures of circuit, cognitive or neuropsychological measures? Disability (WHODAS 2.0) Diagnosis (DSM-V) Symptom (CIDI, DSM-CC, BPRS, PROMIS) Neuropsych (5 indicators) Cognitive (8 indicators) Circuit (5 fMRI, 3 sMRI/ DTI, 6 EEG indicators) To avoid extreme group bias, sampling strategy is agnostic to diagnosis, and comprises two groups: - Care-seeking - Not Care-seeking Diagnoses assigned after enrollment, as one of the dependent variables under study Multi-Level Assays of Working Memory and Psychopathology: R01 MH101478
  38. 38. Are Big-C creatives outliers?
  39. 39. Many thanks! rbilder@mednet.ucla.edu 310.825.9474 http://www.semel.ucla.edu/creativity http://healthy.ucla.edu
  40. 40. Maximizing the peak performance of astronauts, leaders…and everyone else Dr. Bill Reichman, President of Baycrest
  41. 41. Maximizing Peak Performance across the lifespan William E. Reichman
  42. 42. I want to age with dignity. I want to live an active life. I want to live independently. I want to continue learning new things. I want to enjoy life to its fullest. I am age agnostic. I like nice things. I love my family. 47 Bryce Rutter
  43. 43. • Established 1918 • Headquartered on a 22 acre campus in Toronto, Canada • An academic continuing care retirement community (800 residents + 300 bed rehab hospital) • Fully affiliated with the University of Toronto • Home to the Rotman Research Institute for cognitive neuroscience • Serving up to 1500 older adults a day; 2000 active volunteers • Training provided for 1500 students per year ; global tele-education Health Sciences 48
  44. 44. Our Vision We will transform the experience of aging through leading innovations in brain health, wellness promotion, and approaches to care that enrich the lives of older adults. 49 49 Health Sciences
  45. 45. • Driving innovation through integrated care, research and education that links patients, family caregivers, volunteers, healthcare workers, researchers, visiting scholars and industry (a living laboratory) • Developing, evaluating, disseminating and commercializing new models of care and supportive technologies, for the prevention, early diagnosis, rehabilitation, and treatment of age-related disorders • 2 spin-off companies: Cogniciti and Baycrest Global Solutions 50 50 Health Sciences
  46. 46. An Interdisciplinary Team
  47. 47. Examples: Product Testing and Technology Innovation 52
  48. 48. 53 53 Examples: Product Testing and Technology Innovation
  49. 49. Art on the Brain A brain fitness product designed for older adults experiencing cognitive decline featuring art education, wordplay exercises, and an online community of users. 54
  50. 50. Art in Community: Mobile Painting Device Exploring Space, Color, Pattern 55
  51. 51. & Dancers from the National Ballet School, Dancing with Parkinson’s, and Dance Exchange conduct classes focusing on communication and creative expression through dance 56
  52. 52. Volunteerism: The Bravo Project 57 57 Health Sciences  200 people aged 55+ (mostly retirees)  Studying the effects of volunteering on the physical, cognitive, and mental health of volunteers Anderson, N. D., Damianakis, T., Kröger, E. et al. (August 25, 2014). The protective benefits of volunteering against functional decline and dementia: A critical review and recommendations for future research. Psychological Bulletin. doi:10.1037/a0037610.
  53. 53. 5588
  54. 54. Baycrest Learning Academy 59 Courses taught by University professors and offered weekly for eight consecutive weeks. Last semester offerings: History of American Popular Music Fashion, Makeup, and Hairstyling, 1900’s – present. The Archaeology of Israel: from Abraham to Zedekiah Women and Cinema: the Enduring Images of Women in American Films
  55. 55. Health Sciences Come visit us to learn more www.baycrest.org
  56. 56.  To learn more, visit SharpBrains.com

×