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Beyond the US col­lege student’s brain: A sur­vey of pri­or­i­ties across geog­ra­phy and age

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Researchers and inno­va­tors in North Amer­ica, Europe and India will explore the fron­tiers in applied research across the lifes­pan, from chil­dren to younger and older adults, help­ing make the case for truly per­son­al­ized (or at least cus­tomized) brain devel­op­ment and brain health.

- Chair: Dr. Olivier Oul­lier, Pro­fes­sor of Behav­ioral and Brain Sci­ences at Aix-Marseille University
- Eduardo Briceño, CEO of Mind­set Works
- Dr. Graeme Mof­fat, Direc­tor of Sci­en­tific & Reg­u­la­tory Affairs at InteraXon
- Tara Thi­a­gara­jan, Man­ag­ing Direc­tor of Madura Microfinance

Presentation @ The 2015 SharpBrains Virtual Summit http://sharpbrains.com/summit-2015/agenda

Published in: Education
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Beyond the US col­lege student’s brain: A sur­vey of pri­or­i­ties across geog­ra­phy and age

  1. 1. A survey of brain-based priorities across geography and age
  2. 2. Welcome to Day 2! Sponsors
  3. 3. Beyond the US college student’s brain: A survey of priorities across geography and age Chaired by: Dr. Olivier Oullier, Professor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences at Aix-Marseille University Eduardo Briceño, CEO of Mindset Works Dr. Graeme Moffat, Director of Scientific & Regulatory Affairs at InteraXon Tara Thiagarajan, Managing Director of Madura Microfinance
  4. 4. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Growth Mindset Effect on Performance & Health Eduardo Briceño Co-Founder & CEO, Mindset Works ebriceno@mindsetworks.com | @eduardobricen0
  5. 5. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Carol Dweck, Ph.D. fixed mindset growth mindset
  6. 6. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. fixed mindset growth mindset
  7. 7. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. fixed mindset growth mindset “It’snot that I’mso smart, it’sjust that Istay with theproblem longer.”
  8. 8. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. -Your intelligence issomething you can't change very much. -You can learn new things, but you can't really change your basic intelligence - No matter who you are,you can change your intelligence alot. fixed mindset growth mindset
  9. 9. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. fixed mindset growth mindset
  10. 10. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Mindset effect on reading ∙ Chilean National Achievement Test ∙ 10th grade test incorporated Growth Mindset Assessment n=150,000+ Claro, Paunesku, & Dweck, in prep.
  11. 11. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Mindset effect on reading Claro, Paunesku, & Dweck, in prep. 0% 10% 20% 30% Fixed Intermediate Growth Mindset Students Scoring in Top 20% Students in a Growth Mindset were 3x more likely to score in the top fifth!
  12. 12. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. fixed mindset growth mindset
  13. 13. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Learning & improving Positive Seeks challenges Resilient Learning-oriented As lessons & inspiration Situations & motivations Educate, compromise Higher resilience Looking smart Negative Avoids challenges Helpless Defensive As threats Fixed traits Punish, retaliate Higher depression Growth Goal View of effort Challenge-seeking Response to setbacks Response to criticism Views others’ success Attributes wrong-doing to Response to wrong-doing Upon life challenges Fixed Why? resultsbelief behavior
  14. 14. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Growth Mindset in the Workplace
  15. 15. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Example Growth Mindset in Action Warren Buffett & Charlie Munger “Warren Buffett has become a lot better investor since the day I met him, and so have I. If we had been frozen at any given stage, with the knowledge we had, the record would have been much worse than it is. So the game is to keep learning.” - Charlie Munger “I just sit in my office and read all day.”… “Read 500 pages like this every day. That's how knowledge builds up, like compound interest.” - Warren Buffett
  16. 16. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. People who think good negotiators are made (vs. born): Persevere in a tough negotiation Create more collective value Capture more value Negotiation Skills Kray, Laura J., and Michael P. Haselhuhn (2007), "Implicit Negotiation Beliefs and Performance: Experimental and Longitudinal Evidence", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 49-64. Good negotiators are made Good negotiators are born
  17. 17. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Leadership Skills People who learn that leaders are made (vs born), experience: Higher confidence in their ability to lead Lower anxiety and depression-like symptoms Higher leadership performance Hoyt, C. L., Burnette, J., & Innella, A. (2012). I can do that: The impact of implicit theories on leadership role model effectiveness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 257-268.
  18. 18. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Asked people in different fields questions like: “If you want to succeed in [discipline], hard work alone just won’t cut it; you need to have an innate gift or talent.” “When it comes to [discipline] the most important factors for success are motivation and sustained effort; raw ability is secondary.” Effects on Diversity S.-J. Leslie, A. Cimpian, M. Meyer, E. Freeland. Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines. Science, 2015; 347 (6219): 262 DOI: 10.1126/science.1261375
  19. 19. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Field’s Mindset vs % Women Meyer M, Cimpian A and Leslie S-J (2015) Women are underrepresented in fields where success is believed to require brilliance. Front. Psychol. 6:235. Growth Fixed
  20. 20. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Growth Mindset in Health
  21. 21. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Growth Mindset & Health Adults who learn that body weight is malleable, experience: More effective self-regulation after dieting setbacks Greater weight-loss Burnette, J. L. (2010). Implicit theories of body weight: Entity beliefs can weigh you down. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(3), 410-422. High school freshmen who learn that people and circumstances can change, experience: Fewer depression symptoms Yeagert,D.. In preparation
  22. 22. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Academics Health Sports Relationships Workplace Growth Mindset Implications
  23. 23. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Key Takeaways
  24. 24. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Key Takeaways ∙ A growth mindset leads to higher improvement, performance, relationships and health ∙ The belief (the understanding that we can improve) is necessary for the behaviors ∙ 3 ways to foster growth mindsets are: ∙ Learn that abilities can change ∙ Learn about how to improve ∙ Model learning and foster a learning community
  25. 25. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. Resources ∙ Happy to share these slides – ebriceno@mindsetworks.com ∙ Book: Mindset, by Carol Dweck, Ph.D. ∙ Growth Mindset TEDx video: The Power of Belief ∙ Mindset Works newsletter: http://community.mindsetworks.com/newsletter ∙ Other resources: http://www.mindsetworks.com/free-resources ∙ Your colleagues!
  26. 26. Copyright © Mindset Works, Inc. www.mindsetworks.com THANK YOU! Eduardo Briceño @eduardobricen0 by Oregon Department of Transportation
  27. 27. Adjustable 3 Reference Sensors 2 SmartSense Conductive Rubber Ear Sensors Power/Pairing Button LED Lights 2 Charging Ports Muse: the brain sensing headband 2 Forehead Sensors © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com Graeme Moffat moffat@choosemuse.com
  28. 28. Muse: Meditation Made Easy © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com While you are meditating, you actually hear the sound of your own mind
  29. 29. Muse Projects @ choosemuse ChooseMuse.com © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  30. 30. © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com Pervasive consumer neurotechnology
  31. 31. Privacy, data ownership: imperative in pervasive neurotech © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  32. 32. Frequency (Hz) Power (log10) From difference to population dynamics: EEG power spectrum © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  33. 33. From difference to population dynamics: Alpha peak frequency © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  34. 34. From difference to population dynamics: Alpha peak frequency & age at very large scale © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  35. 35. From difference to population dynamics: Effect of sex & age at very large scale © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  36. 36. From difference to population dynamics: Large-scale effects of training (Kovacevic et al. 2015) © Interaxon 2015 ChooseMuse.com
  37. 37. Personalized + big neurodata for optimal brain health Individual User data + Machine learning: Repeated measures to refine intervention Consumer-scale neurodata: Population diversity & specificity for overall improved interventions MillionsThousandsTens Truly effective Consumer neurotechnology interventions Platform
  38. 38. 7 Billion Brains Tara Thiagarajan
  39. 39. Global Brain Diversity What is the extent of difference in the human brain across the planet? What experiential factors drive these differences? How do we cluster along different dimensions?
  40. 40. Develop new analytical approaches to extract interesting features of brain activity from EEG recordings and build apps and tools around these. Emotiv EPOCWhat we do
  41. 41. Assumes that temporal structure (relative phase information) holds meaning. Our Analytical Approach
  42. 42. Brain Profiling Dashboard 31% γ 2.1 Network Connectedness Complexity 72+/- 15% Resting Oscillation Power @12Hz 1042
  43. 43. Where We Are Going  Building our database through collaborations across the world  ‘Brain Profiling’ application  Understand relationships to  Disease  Learning styles  Personality  Cognitive Abilities
  44. 44. 1700s 200 fold range of incomes Mobility constrained by horse speed No telecommunications Limited energy use (wood, horsepower) Diverging Human Experience 2000s 200 Million fold range of incomes Wide range of mobility Wide range of communications Wide range of energy use
  45. 45. 400 people across 48 settlements (populations of 300 to 6 million, 20,000x) 50% male, 50% female Ages spread uniformly across 25-65 Income range $300 to >>$100k per year (~1000x) Informed consent The India Study
  46. 46. Income Education Communication Mobility Energy Use [Diet] Recording Life Experience
  47. 47. The Experimental Paradigm 3 minutes of spontaneous activity when the participant was still with their eyes closed Using the Emotiv Epoc
  48. 48. Temporal Complexity A measure of waveform diversity
  49. 49. mean +/- SEM Temporal Complexity Age and gender Age Gender
  50. 50. mean +/- SEM Temporal Complexity Gross Experience Income Education Travel
  51. 51. Temporal Complexity Two clearly distinct populations <6th grade, Low tech College, High tech
  52. 52. Resting Oscillation 15,000 fold difference across participants 8-15 Hz Alpha Band Haves Have Nots (50%) Resting Oscillation Power 5000 1000 0 1500 0 Resting Oscillation Frequency 10 12.5 157.5 %ofParticipants 10 30 20 0 10 30 20 0 %ofParticipants
  53. 53. *Note the logarithmic scales Resting Oscillation 15,000 fold difference across participants Education 137 8 9 10 11 126 Log2(Fuel Spend) Fuel 1 Log5(Mobile Usage) 2 3 4 5 6 Mobile
  54. 54. What does it all mean?
  55. 55. Sathish Dhanya Aravind Govind Management and staff of Madura Microfinance SciSphere team www.sapienlabs.org tara@sapienlabs.org
  56. 56. Summit is on a short “Bio” Break. (we will resume at 10:00am Pacific Time) Chat forums will be available during the Watecooler session
  57. 57. To learn more, visit sharpbrains.com

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