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"SSC" - Mechatronics and new frontiers

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Presentazione di Gianpiero Negri, durante il suo talk dal titolo "Maccatronica, macchine intelligenti e nuove frontiere".
L'incontro si è tenuto il giorno 24 Gennaio 2015 all'interno del progetto SSC (Scientific Storming Café).
Durante il seminario sono stati illustrati i concetti principali e la definizioni della Meccatronica. Ci si è concentrati in particolare nelle applicazioni di questa disciplina con esempi concreti e tramite l'illustrazione di software specifici (come Simulink, Scilab e Modelica). In conclusione si è parlato di intelligenza artificiale, di biomeccatronica, e sistemi di sicurezza meccatronici e, in generale, di tutte le nuove frontiere di questa disciplina.
Nell'ultima slide tutti i riferimenti per poter approfondire le nozioni presentate.

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"SSC" - Mechatronics and new frontiers

  1. 1. Mechatronics Seminar Modugno, 24th January 2015 Index of contents 1. Introduction 2. What is Mechatronics 2.1 Definition 2.2 Historical background 2.3 Application fields 3. Mechatronics applications 3.1 Industrial/automation 3.2 Pneumatics 3.3 Automotive 3.4 Example: Mechatronic system development from scratch 4. Mechatronics: new frontiers 4.1 Mechatronics and functional safety 4.2 Biomechatronics 4.3 Mechatronics and AI 5. Sources and references
  2. 2. Mechatronics Seminar Modugno, 24th January 2015 Introducing lecturer
  3. 3. What is Mechatronics Mechatronics: combination of Mechanical engineering, Electronic engineering, Computer engineering, Software engineering, Control engineering, and Systems Design engineering in order to design and manufacture useful products Modugno, 24th January 2015
  4. 4. What is Mechatronics - approach Modugno, 24th January 2015
  5. 5. What is Mechatronics – general block diagram Modugno, 24th January 2015
  6. 6. What is Mechatronics – historical background Modugno, 24th January 2015
  7. 7. What is Mechatronics – application fields Modugno, 24th January 2015
  8. 8. What is Mechatronics – simulation Modugno, 24th January 2015
  9. 9. What is Mechatronics – mathematical modelling Modugno, 24th January 2015
  10. 10. What is Mechatronics – mathematical modelling Modugno, 24th January 2015
  11. 11. Case Study #1: Robot and machine tool oscillations control - Customer&partners: Fraunhofer IWU, Comau SpA, MCM SpA, Prima Industrie SpA, Jobs SpA, Alenia SpA etc. - Problem Statement: oscillations during working operations - Project Goal: Innovative oscillations control strategy development - Measurement sensor: MEMS accelerometer/gyroscope unit Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  12. 12. Case Study #1: Robot and machine tool oscillation control Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  13. 13. Case Study #2: Active Heave Compensation System for Offshore Cranes - Customer: Sormec Marine Cranes - Main supplier: Bosch Rexroth - Problem Statement: heave motion, force/tension variation in cargo lifting operations - Project Goal: constant tension, heave compensation system development Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  14. 14. Case Study #3: Vibration damping for high performance machine tool - Customer: Fraunhofer IWU, Comau SpA, MCM SpA, Prima Industrie SpA, Jobs SpA, Alenia SpA etc. - Problem Statement: vibrations during cutting/working operations - Project Goal: Innovative damping actuators and strategy development Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  15. 15. Case Study #3: Vibration Damping for high performance machine tool Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  16. 16. Case Study #3: Vibration Damping for high performance machine tool Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  17. 17. Case Study #4: Festo Kangaroo Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4luJ0ZSqy8
  18. 18. Case Study #5: Agricultural machines and Combines – once upon a time Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  19. 19. Case Study #5: Agricultural machines and Combines – nowadays http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rH9a0E0rZ4s&feature=relmfu Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  20. 20. Case Study #5: Agricultural machines and Combines – nowadays Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  21. 21. Interactive example: let's start with a brand new mechatronic system development! Customer high-level requirements: Any time I travel on a hydrofoil, I just get seasick! Platform: Hydrofoil with front/rear flaps on airfoils Objective: Increase total number of passengers/year Project goal? Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  22. 22. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  23. 23. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  24. 24. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  25. 25. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics applications
  26. 26. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers Mechatronics and functional safety
  27. 27. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers Mechatronics and functional safety
  28. 28. Mechatronics and functional safety - Project Goal: control system development for construction equipment - Main activities: 1 - Control development methodology definition 2 - Hazard Analysis 3 - Control Architecture Design 4 – Model based control system development … Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  29. 29. Mechatronics and functional safety Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  30. 30. Biomechatronics Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  31. 31. Biomechatronics Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  32. 32. Mechatronics and AI Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  33. 33. Mechatronics and AI Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  34. 34. Mechatronics and AI – Turing Machine Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  35. 35. Mechatronics and AI – Halting problem Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers halts() boolean C(a, d): return halts(a(d)); Where a is an algorithm, d is an input data boolean K(a): if C(a,a) loop(); else return false Where loop() is a neverending loop What about K(K)?
  36. 36. Mechatronics and AI – Gödel's way Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers First theorem of Incompleteness Any effectively generated theory capable of expressing elementary arithmetic cannot be both consistent and complete. In particular, for any consistent, effectively generated formal theory that proves certain basic arithmetic truths, there is an arithmetical statement that is true, but not provable in the theory. Second theorem of Incompleteness For any formal effectively generated theory T including basic arithmetical truths and also certain truths about formal provability, if T includes a statement of its own consistency then T is inconsistent.
  37. 37. Mechatronics and AI – Try to solve this, harder and harder! Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers
  38. 38. Mechatronics and AI – Intelligence vs self-consciousness Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers An artificial agent a, designed by h, passes the Lovelace Test if and only if: • a outputs o, • a’s outputting o is the result of processes a can repeat and not a fluke hardware error, and • h (or someone who knows what h knows and has h’s resources) cannot explain how a produced o.
  39. 39. Mechatronics and AI – Intelligence vs self-consciousness Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers “In hyperset theory, one can write an equation S = S(S) with complete mathematical consistency” Goertzel, B. (2010). Hyperset Models of Self, Will and Reflective Consciousness
  40. 40. Mechatronics and AI Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics: new frontiers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RR2CgqdGSjE
  41. 41. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics Seminar Reference and sources 1. Robert H. Bishop, "The Mechatronics Handbook", http://www.sze.hu/~szenasy/Szenz_akt/Mechatronics%2520handbook%5B1%5D.pdf 2. "Mechatronic systems, applications", Annalisa Milella, Donato di Paola, Grazia Cicirelli, http://www.mechatronic.me/files/ebooks/Mechatronic_Systems_Applications.pdf 3. Newton C. Braga, "Robotics, Mechatronics and Artificial Intelligence", http://www.amazon.it/Robotics-Mechatronics- Artificial-Intelligence-Experimental/dp/0750673893 http://books.google.it/books?id=p6rUUZRON5EC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=artificial+intelligence+mechatronics&source=bl&ots=5X9 4. Isaac Asimov, "I, Robot",1950 5. Application examples: 5.1 Myoelectric controller for bionic robotic hand http://community.arm.com/groups/embedded/blog/2014/05/29/bionic-robohand-prototype--myoelectric-controller-based-on-dsp-an 5.2 DEKA robotic arm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R0_mLumx-6Y 6. Douglas R. Hofstadter, "Gödel, Escher, Bach. Un' eterna ghirlanda brillante. Una fuga metaforica su menti e macchine nello spirito di Lewis Carroll", 1979 7. Ray Kurzweil, "How to create a Mind", 2012
  42. 42. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics Seminar Thanks for your kind attention!
  43. 43. Modugno, 24th January 2015 Mechatronics Seminar Question time

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