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Contents
P2/ I. Rail: the cleanest powered-transportation...
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I. Rail: the cleanest powered-transportation mode
An urge...
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Reduced environmental footprint
Rail is the most efficien...
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Another innovation developed by Alstom for its infrastruc...
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tons per axle) thanks to its aluminium body and redesigne...
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technology Appitrack, a technology capable of installing ...
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In September 2016, Alstom was selected for inclusion with...
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Alstom has established collaborative programmes with its ...
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In March 2016, Alstom, through its local South African jo...
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Astom committed more than ever to sustainable mobility

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Alstom is contributing to the transition to sustainable transport systems by designing and delivering innovative, environmentally friendly, efficient and appealing rail solutions. Alstom is also committed to integrating sustainability in its strategy, processes and decision-making. Learn more with this press kit.

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Astom committed more than ever to sustainable mobility

  1. 1. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 1/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT Contents P2/ I. Rail: the cleanest powered-transportation mode P3/ II. Alstom innovates constantly for cleaner transportation P6/ III. Alstom: well on the way to meeting its 2020 ambition for energy efficiency Alstom committed more than ever to sustainable mobility Worldwide demand for mobility is increasing. Demographic projections show that the global population is expected to reach 9.7 billion people by 2050, with 70% living in urban areas. With annual global urban transport emissions expected to double to nearly 1 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent by 2025, public authorities are more concerned than ever about the environmental impact of transportation. To reach the +2°C climate change target adopted in Paris in December 2015 at Cop21, during which 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal climate deal, it is imperative to favour transport modes with the lowest carbon footprints. Railway transport is a key contributor in the fight to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG). The tram, for example, has proven to be one of the greenest urban transport modes, as reported in a survey conducted by Alstom in partnership with Carbone 4, a consulting company specialised in climate-resilient and low-carbon strategies (report included in the press kit). Alstom is contributing to the transition to sustainable transport systems by designing and delivering innovative, environmentally friendly, efficient and appealing rail solutions. Alstom is also committed to integrating sustainability in its strategy, processes and decision-making. In 2015, Alstom has set itself the ambition of reducing the energy consumption of its transport solutions by 20% and the energy intensity of its operations by 10% by 20201 . The achievements so far are proving that the group is well on the way to respecting its engagements. 1 compared with a 2014 baseline
  2. 2. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 2/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT I. Rail: the cleanest powered-transportation mode An urgent need to curb transport CO2 emissions Recent data on CO2 emissions has shown that they are still rising as a result of increasing demand for mobility. In Europe, for example, the transportation sector is now the second biggest producer of emissions (after energy supply). CO2 emissions from road transportation rose again in 2014 after a 6-year drop. Despite improvements in efficiency and carbon intensity, emissions increased by 13% between 1990 and 2014. Thus, transport emissions need to fall significantly to reach the +2° target for global temperature rise. Rail: more efficiency, less CO2 When looking at the final energy consumed by all means of transport, rail transport is an efficient mobility solution as it uses only 2.1%. Furthermore, it is also responsible of 3.6% of CO2 emissions in transport (including indirect energy- related emissions) whilst carrying 8% of the world’s passengers and freight2 . Rail is one of the most energy-efficient transport modes, reflecting the efficiency of mass transport and the benefits of efficient electric traction allowing energy recovery through braking. Ongoing development of clean and renewable energy sources will allow the rail sector to offer further environmental benefits. In Morocco, host of the Cop 22 on 7 November 2016, Alstom’s Citadis trams have been adopted by Casablanca and Rabat. In Rabat, up to 120,000 people travel every day aboard the trams, a great success which has led the city to decide to extend the network. Studies have shown that two tramway lines should lead to a CO2 emissions reduction of about 30,000 tonnes per year3 . The tram is for a fact one of the greenest urban transport modes, as reported in a survey led by Alstom and Carbone 44 . The report compares the carbon footprint of trams and bus rapid transit systems (BRT), enabling a better understanding of their comparative performance over the entire life-cycle, including construction, operation and maintenance of the two systems. The analysis (see attached document) completed on a typical 10km line operated in Belgium demonstrates that for equivalent transport capacity, over a 30-year lifetime, a tramway system emits about half as much CO2 as a BRT system operated with diesel buses, and about 30% less than a BRT with hybrid ones. Rising concerns for poor air quality in cities Particles from diesel exhaust, as well as other air emissions from road transport, contribute significantly to the worldwide poor air quality in large cities. Based on the latest data released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016, more than 80% of people living in urban areas where air pollution is monitored are exposed to air quality levels that exceed WHO limits5 . Prioritising rail transport would significantly reduce the contribution of the transport sector to air pollution in cities. 2 Source : UIC 3 Source: CODATU/Agence Française de Développement (AFD) 4 Carbone 4 study sponsored by Alstom entitled « Tramway or BRT, which is greener ? » is focused on emissions of tramway & BRT systems 5 analysis from the WHO Global Ambient (outdoor) air pollution database, now covering 3000 cities in 103 countries
  3. 3. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 3/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT Reduced environmental footprint Rail is the most efficient transport mode in terms of use of space. Worldwide, road infrastructure uses 37 times more land than rail infrastructure while only carrying 3.5 times more transport units.6 For example, on average, on a track narrower than a bus lane, a tram provides two or three times higher transport capacity than a bus. II. Alstom innovates constantly for cleaner transportation Alstom believes that transport systems should be fluid, eco-friendly, safe, connected and accessible. The company is constantly working on enhancing rail’s reputation as the greenest public transport mode, striving to reduce the high cost of energy and committed to reducing transport’s carbon footprint. In recent years, Alstom, through various innovations, has enabled a reduction in energy consumption of up to 20% on a wide range of its solutions: from components and technologies to infrastructure, trains and services, as well as on its fully integrated mobility solutions. - Components and technologies Alstom is constantly seeking to upgrade its components based on the latest available technologies. Some of its most recent innovations include: permanent magnet motors (PMM) which contribute to savings in train mass as they are lighter than asynchronous motors (improved efficiency: +3%). Alstom is leader in this technology with numerous applications from tramways to very high speed trains. New auxiliary convertors that enable entirely natural cooling and leverage the technical performance of silicon carbide semi-conductors. This enables a reduction in conduction and switching losses. Natural cooling removes the need for bulky and less reliable cooling systems (pumps, ventilators) and reduces maintenance costs and energy consumption, while simultaneously increasing passenger comfort thanks to their silent operation. This technology was adopted for the Riyadh metro project (further described below). Optimised HVAC systems are being implemented for the different market segments through the use of CO2 sensors as well as heat pumps. Optimised HVAC management has been integrated in the latest version of the Coradia regional train, such as the Intercity trains for NS, the main Netherlands railway operator. Alstom has also been working on the integration of capillary pump loops (CPL) - extremely high- performance calorie evacuation systems - within traction systems. CPLs can be installed on every type of train to replace classic cooling systems such as ventilators, pumps and radiators. Following the improvement of the traction chain components that require less cooling capacities, various natural cooling technologies are being developed and tested, notably for metro applications. These technologies offer clients a solution that operates silently, does not consume energy, and requires very little maintenance. - Infrastructure A year ago, Alstom launched SRS – an innovative ground-based static charging system – as part of its catenary-free range. This solution allows the fast charging (in under 20 seconds) of a large portfolio of vehicles equipped with on-board energy storage during normal dwell time, using a compact and discreet device located in the ground. The solution can be adapted to trams as well as a large range of electrical buses. The technology has been adopted by the city of Nice in France for its new tramway lines 2 and 3. 6 Source: UIC
  4. 4. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 4/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT Another innovation developed by Alstom for its infrastructure portfolio is Hesop, an advanced reversible power-supply substation. Designed to deliver the best energy efficiency, Hesop also reduces infrastructure investment, limits CO2 emissions and reduces temperatures inside the metro network. Hesop has been in revenue service on London Underground’s Victoria Line since 2015, and will soon be implemented on the Milan tramway and metro, the Riyadh metro, the Sydney tramway and the Panama metro. Alstom has sold 109 Hesop units to date. - Trains Alstom’s range of trains include Avelia high-speed trains, Prima locomotives, Coradia regional trains, X’Trapolis suburban trains, Metropolis trainsets and Citadis trams. Here are a few examples: The energy consumption of the Avelia high-speed train for AGV, Euroduplex and Liberty trains is 15-30% lower than previous generations. Avelia Liberty, Alstom’s latest development in the Avelia range, has recently been sold to Amtrak, the national railroad passenger corporation in the US. The train features the latest generation of compact power cars located at each end of the train. The compact power cars are shorter and more efficient than those of previous generations, using less energy and offering more space for passengers inside the train. Avelia Liberty is environmentally friendly and designed to maximise return on investment. The aerodynamic design and low weight of its trainsets allow the train to consume over 20% less energy compared to non-articulated solutions. Alstom has developed the Prima shunting locomotives H3 and H4 for services in rail yards, harbours and industrial sites. They can also be used for hinterland traffic or medium mainline services thanks to their high speeds, strong traction effort and high autonomy. Thanks to its hybrid traction, Prima H3 uses 50-60% less fuel than conventional shunting locomotives, reducing polluting emissions such as particles, CO and NOx by up to 70%. As for Prima H4 Double Engine, its two power packs are coupled with a start&stop system which reduces energy consumption by 20% compared with single engine diesel locomotives. The Prima H4 Bi-mode version can operate emission- free. 23 Prima H3 locomotives have been sold in Germany and 13 are already in operation while Prima H4 (47 units) will be delivered to SBB Infrastructure in Switzerland. In September 2016, Alstom unveiled its zero-emission train Coradia iLint, a regional train powered by a hydrogen fuel cell, its only emissions being steam and condensed water while operating at low noise levels. Alstom is one of the first railway manufacturers in the world to develop a passenger train based on this technology. Alstom offers a complete package, consisting of the train and its maintenance, as well as the entire hydrogen infrastructure thanks to help from partners. This launch follows letters of intent signed in 2014 with the German Federal States of Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg, and the Public Transportation Authorities of Hesse for the use of a new generation of emission-free train equipped with fuel cell drive. Despite its wide gauge, the Metropolis train for Amsterdam is low weight (12 Prima H4 shunting locomotive Avelia Liberty for Amtrak Coradia iLint Metropolis of Amsterdam
  5. 5. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 5/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT tons per axle) thanks to its aluminium body and redesigned components. Its electric braking until the train comes to a complete stop enables full recovery of the braking energy and reduced dust and noise emissions. Its lighting is 100 percent LED. The Amsterdam metro is one of the quietest in the world (-8dB interior noise level). The new generation of tram, Citadis X05, has demonstrated a 20% reduction in energy consumption versus previous generations according to Alstom’s simulations. This significant improvement in efficiency is the result of a global energy optimisation of the train, including PMM motors & enhanced electrical braking, as well as optimised auxiliary management (HVAC system, sleeping mode and 100% LED lighting). Energy storage, designed to allow catenaryless operations, enables the full recovery of energy during the braking phase, thus improving energy efficiency. The Citadis X05 tram has been sold to Nice (France) and Sydney (Australia). Globally, constant efforts are being made to improve recyclability at end-of-life on all Alstom’s trains. Progress made in this area has enabled Alstom to design trains that are up to 95% recyclable (c.f. 87% ten years ago) and 97% recoverable7 (c.f. 93% ten years ago). Furthermore, Alstom is constantly reducing the weight of its trains, as well as their resistance to motion. - Services: To support its customers through the improvement of the environmental performance and the energy efficiency of existing fleets, Alstom can also modernise any train, whether manufactured by Alstom or not, to upgrade its traction chain or high energy-consuming equipment. For example, in the US, Alstom has been awarded a contract by Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO) to fully modernise 120 metro cars that run from Philadelphia to the suburbs of southern New Jersey, many of which have been in operation since 1969. The work carried out by Alstom includes, among other things: new couplers, car-borne propulsion technology and modern braking systems, automated train control (ATC) equipment, air- conditioning systems, new communication and information displays. Once retrofitted, the energy consumption of the train is reduced by up to 25%. Alstom has also developed an e-mapping tool to propose detailed energy diagnosis capacities and potential energy efficiency services, such as eco-driving implementation, energy management system upgrades or on-board energy storage. - Systems: Alstom has been designing integrated mobility solutions for decades. With 18 integrated metro projects and 17 integrated tramway systems under its belt, Alstom is the number 1 worldwide in the supply of urban integrated mobility solution. The Riyadh metro in the KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) is among the recent integrated metro project awarded to Alstom. As part of a consortium, Alstom is in charge of supplying the city of Riyadh with three of the six metro lines. Alstom is providing Metropolis, Urbalis signalling solution, Hesop, and the track laying 7 Including energy recovery Citadis X05 of Nice
  6. 6. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 6/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT technology Appitrack, a technology capable of installing tracks three times faster than traditional methods. To optimise energy consumption, the traction power system equipped with Hesop will allow energy recovered during braking to be re-used by the network. Another example is the integrated tramway system for the city of Sydney, Australia. Alstom is in charge of supplying: Citadis X05, power supply equipment including APS-ground power supply 8 , the Hesop energy recovery system, depot equipment and maintenance. This is a flagship project in terms of sustainable mobility. Energy consumption will be reduced %compared to standard projects thanks to PMM and Hesop. Regarding the civil works footprint, recycled materials are being used such as aggregate concrete and a substitution of cement. The customer has committed to offsetting 25% of the electricity consumption used in the construction of the project and will strive to offset the operational energy requirements. Transport for New South Wales (TfNSW) is investigating options for the onsite production of low carbon energy, including installing photovoltaic cells and solar hot water systems to the Sydney light rail maintenance and vehicle stabling facilities. This is also the first project for which Alstom is involved that conducted a climate change resilience analysis to demonstrate the strong resistance capacity of its transport system when faced with extreme weather conditions. In recent years, Alstom has made efforts to optimise its integrated urban mobility solutions by offering a system which gathers all the latest environmental innovations: Axonis (metro system) and Attractis (tramway system). Attractis, Alstom's integrated tramway system, brings together all of Alstom's expertise, enabling cities to develop, at a more affordable cost, a tramway system that is environmentally-friendly, interoperable, easy to interface with other urban public transport, simpler to operate and offers a large transport capacity ranging from 4,000 to 14,000 PPHPD9 . A 10 km-long Attractis tramway system can be fully operational within 30 months, offering a much quicker deployment time than what was previously possible. Attractis aims to achieve up to 20% savings in investment compared to a classical tramway line. In terms of carbon footprint, the survey led by Alstom and Carbone 4 (see attached document) estimates that since the optimised Attractis system uses fewer construction materials than standard systems, such as concrete, steel and cables, it can cut construction-related GHG emissions by more than 20%. III. Alstom: well on the way to meeting its 2020 ambition for energy efficiency In 2015, Alstom set itself targets for the energy efficiency of its solutions and its operations. The company has committed itself to a 20% reduction in the energy consumption of its transport solutions (compared to 2014 levels)10 and a 10% reduction in the energy intensity of its operations by 2020. Alstom is on the right track to respecting its engagements. 8 Service proven power system for tramways which supplies electricity through a 3rd rail and eliminates catenaries 9 Passengers per hour per direction 10 A train consumes between 9 and 50 Wh/KM/passenger depending on the type of train and the operating conditions Attractis
  7. 7. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 7/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT In September 2016, Alstom was selected for inclusion within the Dow Jones Sustainability indices (DJSI), World and Europe for the sixth consecutive year. Here is an update on the actions taken by Alstom to meet these targets as of 2016: 1. -20% energy consumption for Alstom’s solutions  Tracking the energy performance of its solutions Alstom is the first manufacturer to have set a key performance indicator and a target for the energy performance of its trains and systems solutions. This now allows the evolution of the energy performance to be tracked. The indicator consolidates the global portfolio energy consumption reduction based on a weighted average of the energy consumption reductions from standardised train products, so-called “reference solutions”, as well as from projects representing more than €1 billion in sales. To ensure the consistency of collected data, the company has established standardised methodologies for energy simulations, based on sets of assumptions defined for each type of train (mission profile, occupancy, temperature, etc.). So far, priority has been given to rolling-stock and simulations of energy consumption for trams, metros, regional and mainline trains. Since last year, Alstom has reduced the overall energy consumption of its portfolio by 7%.  Innovating for energy efficiency Alstom is today pursuing its developments to further reduce its energy consumption. The company is deploying an intensive innovation programme comprising four main areas: - Fit-for-purpose design to make the best use of energy to achieve requested performance levels. This includes: weight reduction through composite materials and re-design of parts, reduced aerodynamic drag, energy-efficient comfort auxiliaries (lighting, heating and air conditioning), more efficient traction systems, either electric or diesel; - Energy production and recovery to minimise losses, maximise re-use and further reduce the energy part of OPEX, for example: enhanced 100% electrical braking; - Energy storage to increase autonomy, shave peak demands and provide additional recovery capabilities; - Energy management system: to optimise energy assets to lower the total cost of ownership (eg. optimised sleep modes during non-passenger service). Further progress will come from the incorporation of proven technologies into new mobility solutions, and the development of new technologies, new trains and associated services.  Collaborating with customers and suppliers
  8. 8. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 8/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT Alstom has established collaborative programmes with its customers in many countries (France, Brazil, Ireland, Spain…) to improve the energy efficiency of trains and railway systems and build the sustainable transport modes of tomorrow. For example, through a joint research programme with the Railway Procurement Agency - the Irish authority responsible for the development of railway infrastructure - two Citadis trams in Dublin have been equipped with smart meters to analyse main energy usages. Optimisation solutions are being tested, such as light energy storage for the recovery of braking energy and an enhanced HVAC control system. Alstom and French railway operator SNCF have formed an innovation partnership to create the next- generation of the TGV (high-speed train) expected to enter into commercial service in 2022. The ambitions for the new-generation TGV include an optimisation of the environmental footprint, with a material recyclability rate of over 90% and a reduction in energy consumption of at least 25%. The capacity of the train will be increased by 20% and will enable to improve passenger experience. The results of this collaboration will complement the high-speed trains of Alstom’s Avelia range. Alstom is also committed to the sustainable sourcing of its products. In March 2015, Railsponsible, a non-profit business membership organisation, was created to promote sustainable procurement across the industry supply chain. Today, seven railway companies are members of Railsponsible, including Alstom, the French national railway operator SNCF, and the Netherlands railway operator NS. All the companies signed a charter of responsibility through which they engage to better social, economic and environmental outcomes and responsible business practices, including ethics, labour, health & safety and the environment. Railsponsible has opened up a forum for exchange, discussion and engagement on the greenest, most ecologically and socially responsible procurement practices within the railway industry. Since April 2016, Alstom’s CPO Olivier Baril has been chairing the initiative. 2. 10% of energy intensity for Alstom’s facilities Alstom has defined its priorities for environmental management, including water, waste and energy management. The energy intensity of operations (per hour worked) is tracked. Alstom has already succeeded in reducing the energy intensity of its operations by 2.3% from 2014 to 2015. Alstom is also currently deploying an energy action plan targeting its 20 top consumers. Most of the units have established their governance and are deploying their action plans after completing an energy diagnosis. Alstom is increasing the use of green energy in its facilities. In Belgium, the sites are supplied with green electricity guaranteed for zero-carbon emissions, and sites in France and Germany use certified electricity to ensure at least 30% renewable content in the energy they use. This will be extended to other units in the future to reach 40% in France from 2017. In June 2016, the Nola site in Italy, a maintenance centre responsible for the preventive and corrective maintenance of the high-speed AGV trains for NTV, received certification according to the international standards UNI CEI EN ISO 50,001 related to energy management systems.
  9. 9. inir la mobilité urbaine grâce au tramway 9/9 PRESS KITPRESS KIT In March 2016, Alstom, through its local South African joint venture Gibela, began the construction of a new manufacturing site in South Africa to build 580 suburban trains11 for the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA). The completion of the 60,000m2 site is expected to take 18 months. The site will deliver 3,480 coaches over the next 10 years. It is aligned with green building principles and in due regard to global environmental challenges respecting all applicable environmental legislation. In line with Alstom’s 2020 Environment Health & Safety (EHS) vision, Gibela-Rail is committed to developing and implementing an environmental management system in line with the ISO 14001 standard once fully operational. All requisite environmental authorisations and licences have been obtained for the site’s development. Plant rescue and relocation was successfully executed to conserve all protected plants; and the environmental design review conducted by Alstom’s Environmental Director achieved a score of 87%. This provides assurance on the efficiency and sustainability of the facility. ### 11 Following a contract awarded to Gibela for 600 X’Trapolis Mega suburban trains. While the 20 first trains are being produced in Alstom’s factory at Lapa in Brazil, the remaining 580 will be produced in the newly built factory in South Africa

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