POLLINATOR-DEPENDENT  FOOD PRODUCTION  IN MEXICO Mikel Alonso Urtzi Cabañas Natalia Jauregi
POLLINATOR-DEPENDENT FOOD PRODUCTION IN MEXICO <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INT...
<ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal pollination: responsible for sexual reproduction in 80% of vascular plan...
<ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>This article was prepared by the National University o...
<ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>MATERIAL AND METHODS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This study includes species of interest to...
<ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>RESULTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop species :  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>316 spec...
<ul><li>ARTICLE CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are many types of crop species in Mexico and 80% of those crop spec...
<ul><li>OWN CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A reduction in the number and diversity of pollinators could affect not only ...
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HF2009_grupo6

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Pollinator depent food production in Mexico

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HF2009_grupo6

  1. 1. POLLINATOR-DEPENDENT FOOD PRODUCTION IN MEXICO Mikel Alonso Urtzi Cabañas Natalia Jauregi
  2. 2. POLLINATOR-DEPENDENT FOOD PRODUCTION IN MEXICO <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MATERIAL AND METHODS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RESULTS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ARTICLE CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>OWN CONCLUSION </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal pollination: responsible for sexual reproduction in 80% of vascular plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important role in maintaining biodiversity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the diversity and abundance of pollinators affects the quality of fruit and seeds . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has been found to affect the global production of food in a high percentage (75%) of world production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faced with this problem developing countries will be most vulnerable with high population densities. This is the case of Mexico. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>This article was prepared by the National University of Córdoba, and published in the journal Biological Conservation in 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim of this study was to establish the dependency relationship that exists between the supply of food in Mexico and pollinators. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>MATERIAL AND METHODS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This study includes species of interest to use in food, fodder, medicine, ornamental, textiles, or as feedstock for various industrial products. They have been classified by FAO classification in the categories: cereals, fruits, nuts, oil bearing cops, pulses, spices, stimulants, and vegetables. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To compare the dependence of the various species of pollinators, electronic databases such as ISI Web of Science and Scopus have been used. Data analysis was carried out using ANOVA. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>MAIN IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>RESULTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop species : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>316 species analyzed: 236 destined to human consume in Mexico. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>85% of fruit and seed species depend on pollinators to be pollinated. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All vegetables and stimulants are pollinator-dependent crops. Cereals are not totally dependent. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The highest dependence on pollinators is found in species of fruits, vegetables and nuts. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domesticated and wild species : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 68% of cases the fruits and seeds are profitable to human consume, 32% of the species studied use the vegetative part of the plant. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As for wild species, Agavaceae and Cactaceae, depend on pollinators to propagate. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>ARTICLE CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are many types of crop species in Mexico and 80% of those crop species depend on pollinators. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The highest production belongs to non-pollinator-dependant crops. The production per unit area is higher in pollinator-dependant crops. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural people contribute to the culture of wild species with other species and those species are the basic food of rural people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To conserve native pollinators the use of pesticide methods should be stopped, as well as the destruction of bat caves to ensure habitat connectivity for pollinators. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These solutions will contribute to conserve Mexican biologic diversity. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>OWN CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A reduction in the number and diversity of pollinators could affect not only crops that need to reproduce, but also the global food production and therefore human well-being. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct human activity (agricultural intensification: habitat loss, introduction of exotic species and pesticide use) and other factors such as climate change are affecting negatively the diversity of pollinators, an issue that has been given much importance in recent decades. </li></ul></ul>

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