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Copyrights (Basic Info)

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  • UT/ Brownsville. Summer I Session 2012. Instructor: Ed.D. Linda Newell.
  • Business Law, Text and Cases. Clarkson, Miller, Jentz, and Cross.
  • Copyright Act 1976. (" ," 2009)
  • Business Law, Text and Cases. Clarkson, Miller, Jentz, and Cross.
  • Business Law, Text and Cases. Clarkson, Miller, Jentz, and Cross.
  • Royalties: fees paid to the copyright holder for the privilege of reproducing the copyrighted material.
  • Business Law, Text and Cases. Clarkson, Miller, Jentz, and Cross.
  • (" ," 2009)
  • (" ," 2009).
  • U.S. Copyright Office, 2009. Para.7). (" ," 2009).
  • .
  • Copyrights

    1. 1. Copyrights EDTC 6340 SUMMER I, 2012BY : A L FO N S O A L ME I DA
    2. 2. Copyright Is an intangible right granted by federal statute to the author or originator of a literary or artistic production of a specified type. ( Copyright Act 1976).
    3. 3. Protected Expression Literary works Musical works Dramatic works Pantomimes and choreographic works Pictorial, Graphic, and Scuptural works. Motion pictures, an other audiovisual works. Sound recordings Architectural works.
    4. 4. Copyright Infringement Whenever the form of expression of an idea is copied. (Even partially). Those who infringe copyrights may be liable for damages or other criminal penalties.
    5. 5. Damages Actual damages are based on the harm caused to the copyright holder by the infringement, while statutory damages, not to exceed $150,000 are provided for under the Copyright Act. Criminal proceedings may result in fines and/or imprisonment.
    6. 6. The Fair Use (Exception) An exception to liability for copyright infringement is made under the “fair use” doctrine. In certain circumstances, a person or organization can reproduce copyrighted material without paying royalties.
    7. 7. Fair Use ( 4 Factors) The purpose and character of the use. The nature of the copyrighted work. The amount and substantiability of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or the value of the copyrighted work.
    8. 8. Getting Permission When you intend to use the materials for commercial purposes. When you want to use the materials repeatedly. (The UMUC library will assist faculty to obtain permission for copyrighted material.) If you need assistance, contact the U.S. Copyright Office at (
    9. 9. Copyright Rights (Owner) Right to make copies To publicly distribute your work. To display and perform at work. To perform you works over a digital network. The Copyrights will last the owner’s entire lifetime plus 70 years.
    10. 10. Fair Use for Instructors Credit your source, author, or copyright holder. Determine how much of the work you are copying. How many times are you planning to copy the material. (Otherwise you need to ask for permission). (U.S. Copyright Office 2009, Par.6). Determine the need for copying ( FAQ, I couldn’t find the author, I can’t determine who’s the copyright holder, the author of the work passed away before 1940).
    11. 11. What counts as Fair Use? A chapter from a book ( not the entire book). An article from a newspaper or a journal. A short story, and essay or a poem. A chart, graphic, diagram, drawing, cartoon or a picture.
    12. 12. Fair Use limits Poetry: 250 words or less, two pages or excerpts up to 1000 words or 10%. Prose: Copies of an article, story or essay that are 2500 words or less. Excerpts up to 1000 words or 10% whichever is less. Illustrations: Copies of a chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or a picture.
    13. 13. Credits Clarkson, K., Miller, R., Jentz, G., & Cross, F. (2010). Business law. (11 ed., p. 1082). Mason, OH, USA: Cengage-Learning. (2009, 12 10). Retrieved from copyright.lib.utexas.ed