Union General ULYSSES S
Grant's first Civil War battle after being appointed Brigadier
General was the Battle of Belmont. Some of his battles to
follow included Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Vicksburg, and
Grant's first face-to-face with Robert E. Lee came at the Battle
of the Wilderness in May of 1864. First, the Spotsylvania battle
began and then The Battle of Cold Harbor
In April of 1865, Grant accepted Lee's surrender at
Appomattox, Virginia, and the Civil War was at an end. Not so
for Grant's career, however. He became President of the
United States in 1869 and remained so for eight years. Ulysses
S Grant died of cancer in July of 1885.
ROBERT E. LEE
With the commencement of the Civil War, Lincoln offered Lee control
of the Union Army. Although Lee was against secession and slavery,
he could in no way be involved in the invasion of the south. He
resigned and on June 1, 1861 took command of the Army of
Northern Virginia in Richmond.
Lee fought many of the major battles of the Civil War including
Richmond, Sharpsburg, Second Manassas, Antietam,
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness,
Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg.
Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S Grant at
Appomattox, Virginia in the spring of 1865. After the war, he
took on the role as president of Virginia's Washington College.
He died on October 12, 1870 as a much loved and respected
Union General JOSHUA
He fought the war with the 20th Maine and was appointed
Brigadier General in June of 1864 and Major General in March
of 1865. Chamberlain was involved in the battles of Antietam,
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Spotsylvania,
and Cold Harbor, among others.
Chamberlain was wounded six times in the war. It was a great
honor to him when General Grant choose him to receive the
flag of surrender at Appomattox.
Joshua Chamberlain chose a political career after the war, and
became governor of Maine in 1866 and served four terms. He
died in February of 1914 in Portland. He had lived to the age of
Confederate General THOMAS
J. "STONEWALL" JACKSON
When the Civil War began, Jackson was involved in the battles
of Harper's Ferry, First Manassas, Antietam, Shenandoah
Valley, Groveton, and Second Manassas. More campaigns
followed with Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, and
Chancellorsville. It was at the battle of First Manassas that he
got the name that was to follow him from that point on:
This tremendously brilliant military strategist was accidentally
shot by one of his own soldiers in May of 1863. The wound
resulted in the loss of his left arm. However, he died the
following week of pneumonia, at age 39. Stonewall Jackson's
last words were "Let us cross over the river and rest under the
shade of the trees."
Union General GEORGE
The battles that Meade was involved in include Mechanicsville,
Gaines' Mill, and Glendale, which resulted in his being
wounded. After he recovered, he found himself at Second
Manassas, South Mountain and Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg,
Meade was made Commander of the Army of the Potomac on
June 28, 1863, just three days before the Battle of Gettysburg.
Following a Union victory at Gettysburg, Meade was criticized
for permiting Lee's army to get back to Potomac. He offered to
resign at hearing Lincoln was not satisfied, but instead of
resigning was appointed Brigadier General just days after the
Gettysburg battle and again promoted to Major General in
Confederate General JAMES
In addition to Manassas, Longstreet fought valiantly at battles
of Williamsburg, Gaines’ Mill, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg,
Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Wilderness, Richmond, and
Longstreet disagreed with Robert E. Lee at Gettysburg. over
the plan, Pickett's Charge. Longstreet was sure such an attack
would never work. Of course, Lee outranked him, and orders
had to be followed.
After the war, Longstreet was appointed to be the U.S. Minister
to Turkey under President Grant. James Longstreet died in
Georgia in January of 1904.
Review of Generals
Union: Ulysses S. Grant, JOSHUA
LAWRENCE CHAMBERLAIN, GEORGE
Confederate: ROBERT E. LEE, THOMAS
J. "STONEWALL" JACKSON, JAMES