U06 Plants

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U06 Plants

  1. 1. The plant and fungi kingdoms CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS HOME CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK
  2. 2. Contents The plant and fungi kingdoms The plant kingdom Characteristics Classification The fungi kingdom Characteristics Classification Non-flowering plants Mosses Ferns Plant nutrition Characteristics Parts of a plant Parts Flowering plants Gymnosperms Angiosperms Interaction Adaptations Reproduction Characteristics Life cycle H ands on Leaf identification HOME CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  3. 3. Resources HOME What are plants like? Mosses Ferns Gymnosperms Angiosperms Parts of a plant Plant nutrition How do plants adapt? How do plants reproduce? Life cycle of a plant What are fungi like? How are fungi classified? Leaf identification How are plants classified? CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Interactive activity: Parts of a flower Links Animation: Plant reproduction
  4. 4. PHOTOSYNTHESIS What are plants like? chloroplast (chlorophyll) cellulose wall leaf plant cell <ul><li>All plants: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• have roots , stems and leaves . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• are multicellular with tissues. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• have eukaryotic cells. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• are autotrophic organisms. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• live attached to the soil . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  5. 5. How are plants classified? Non-flowering plants Flowering plants Mosses Ferns Angiosperms Gymnosperms CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  6. 6. Animation: Plant reproduction CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  7. 7. What are non-flowering plants like? capsule filament phyllodes rhizoid Mosses CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME ENLARGE IMAGE
  8. 8. What are non-flowering plants like? Mosses capsule filament phyllodes rhizoid spores GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  9. 9. What are non-flowering plants like? Ferns fronds roots rhizome ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  10. 10. What are non-flowering plants like? sorus spores Ferns CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  11. 11. What are flowering plants like? Gymnosperms Male cones contain pollen. Female cones contain seeds. leaf (needle) Maritime pine ( Pinus pinaster ) CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  12. 12. What are flowering plants like? Angiosperms Holm oak ( Quercus rotundifolia ) flowers leaf fruit CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  13. 13. Parts of a plant ENLARGE IMAGE roots stem leaves CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  14. 14. Parts of a plant roots leaves stem apical bud ENLARGE IMAGE GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  15. 15. Parts of a plant roots leaves stem blade underside petiole topside edge ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  16. 16. gases and water vapour Parts of a plant roots leaves stem stomata ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  17. 17. Parts of a plant roots leaves stem node ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  18. 18. Parts of a plant roots leaves stem root hairs ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  19. 19. Parts of a plant roots leaves stem root cap ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  20. 20. carbon dioxide oxygen water vapour Plant nutrition water and mineral salts sunlight Photosynthesis A raw sap elaborated sap A Transpiration B Transport D Respiration C Absorption E B E C D Daytime Nighttime A C C SEE LARGER IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY CLOSE BACK HOME LINKS
  21. 21. Plant nutrition Daytime Nighttime respiration carbon dioxide oxygen photosynthesis respiration oxygen oxygen carbon dioxide carbon dioxide oxygen carbon dioxide GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY CLOSE BACK HOME LINKS
  22. 22. How do plants adapt to the environment? CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Large pointed leaves Deciduous leaves Small hard leaves Spiny leaves Impermeable leaves Long leaves with no stem
  23. 23. How do plants adapt to the environment? survive unfavourable conditions. CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Large pointed leaves Small hard leaves Spiny leaves Impermeable leaves Long leaves with no stem
  24. 24. How do plants adapt to the environment? eliminate excess water. CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Deciduous leaves Small hard leaves Spiny leaves Impermeable leaves Long leaves with no stem
  25. 25. How do plants adapt to the environment? prevent water loss. CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Large pointed leaves Deciduous leaves Spiny leaves Impermeable leaves Long leaves with no stem
  26. 26. How do plants adapt to the environment? defend a plant and prevent water loss. CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Large pointed leaves Deciduous leaves Small hard leaves Impermeable leaves Long leaves with no stem
  27. 27. How do plants adapt to the environment? float on water. CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Large pointed leaves Deciduous leaves Small hard leaves Spiny leaves Long leaves with no stem
  28. 28. How do plants adapt to the environment? survive on the sea floor. CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME Large pointed leaves Deciduous leaves Small hard leaves Spiny leaves Impermeable leaves
  29. 29. How do plants reproduce? Asexual reproduction Sexual reproduction peduncle (stem) calyx (all the sepals) corolla (all the petals) ENLARGE IMAGE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  30. 30. African violet How do plants reproduce? leaf Asexual reproduction CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  31. 31. How do plants reproduce? Sexual reproduction peduncle calyx corolla anther pollen grains filament stamen Male reproductive organ flower CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  32. 32. How do plants reproduce? Sexual reproduction peduncle calyx corolla Female reproductive organ flower style stigma pistil ovary ovules CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO BACK
  33. 33. Fruit and seed formation Life cycle of a plant Flowering tree seed flower 1 flower 2 Fertilisation fruit Dispersion and germination Pollination SEE TYPES OF FRUIT CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME ENLARGE IMAGE
  34. 34. Fruit and seed formation Life cycle of a plant pollen grains ovary ovule pollen tube Flowering tree flower 1 flower 2 Fertilisation Pollination Dispersion and germination seed fruit GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME SEE TYPES OF FRUIT
  35. 35. flower 2 Types of fruit Fruit and seed formation Life cycle of a plant Flowering tree flower 1 Fertilisation Pollination Dispersion and germination seed fruit Dry Fleshy GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME ENLARGE IMAGE
  36. 36. What are fungi like? spores cap mycellium hyphae CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  37. 37. How are fungi classified? Unicellular Some are parasites; others are useful. Used in making bread, beer, wine Yeasts Multicellular Some are parasites; others feed on organic matter. Example: bread mould Moulds Multicellular Some are edible; others are poisonous. Examples: truffle, white mushroom, Amanita Mushrooms and toadstools CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  38. 38. Answer the questions to classify Leafs 1 and 2 in the correct group. Click START to begin. Group A Group B Group D Group C Group A Group E Group A Group F 1 2 START Leaf identification START CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  39. 39. Is it needle shape? Leaf identification Group A Group B Group D Group C Group A Group E Group A Group F YES NO CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  40. 40. Is it needle shape? Leaf identification Group A Group B Group D Group C Group A Group E Group A Group F YES NO CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  41. 41. Group A Group A Group A TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group A. needle shape Leaf identification Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  42. 42. Group A Group A Group A ERROR. Esta hoja no pertenece al Group A needle shape Leaf identification TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group A. Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  43. 43. Does it have parallel veins? not needle shape Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F YES NO CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  44. 44. Does it have parallel veins? not needle shape Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F YES NO CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  45. 45. parallel veins ERROR. Esta hoja no pertenece al Group B GO BACK Leaf identification TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group B. not needle shape Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  46. 46. TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group B. Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F parallel veins not needle shape GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  47. 47. not parallel veins Is the leaf simple or compound? Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F not needle shape SIMPLE COMPOUND CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  48. 48. Is the leaf simple or compound? Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F not parallel veins not needle shape CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME SIMPLE COMPOUND
  49. 49. compound leaf TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group E or Group F. Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F not needle shape not parallel veins GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  50. 50. simple leaf TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group C or Group D. Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F not parallel veins not needle shape GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  51. 51. Is the edge smooth? Leaf identification not parallel veins not needle shape simple leaf Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F YES NO CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  52. 52. Is the leaf arrangement opposite or alternate? Leaf identification not needle shape not parallel veins compound leaf Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F OPPOSITE ALTERNATE CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  53. 53. smooth edge TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group C. Leaf identification Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F not needle shape not parallel veins simple leaf GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  54. 54. TRY AGAIN. This leaf does not belong to Group E. opposite arrangement Leaf identification not needle shape not parallel veins compound leaf Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F GO BACK CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  55. 55. YOU ARE RIGHT! The leaf belongs to Group D. not smooth edge Leaf identification not needle shape not parallel veins simple leaf Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F HOME CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  56. 56. Leaf identification alternate arrangement YOU ARE RIGHT! The leaf belongs to Group F. not needle shape not parallel veins compound leaf Group A Group A Group A Group B Group D Group C Group E Group F HOME CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  57. 57. Interactive activity: Parts of a flower HOME CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME
  58. 58. Links HOME CONTENTS RESOURCES ACTIVITY LINKS CLOSE BACK HOME GO TO WEBSITE Tree identification: tree type, leaf, bark, fruit, etc. GO TO WEBSITE Fun facts about fungi

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