The basis of life CONTENTS RESOURCES
CONTENTS <ul><li>Vital functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vital functions </li></ul></ul>Biomolecules Biomolecules Cells Hist...
RESOURCES Vital  functions Biomolecules History of cell discovery Types of cells Structure and composition  of cells Cellu...
Vital functions VITAL FUNCTIONS Living beings NUTRITION INTERACTION REPRODUCTION
Vital functions NUTRITION  Living beings obtain  the  matter  and  energy   necessary for life. Autotrophic organisms inor...
Living beings Vital functions INTERACTION Living beings relate  with their surrounding  environment. Animals have  recepto...
Vital functions REPRODUCTION New individual living  beings are produced. Asexual reproduction: one parent Sexual reproduct...
water mineral salts  Biomolecules calcium, iron, magnesium, etc. Organic molecules
History of cell discovery He was the first person to use the word “cell”.  He discovered tiny organisms in a drop of water...
History of cell discovery 1838 Matthias J. Schleiden and Theodor  Schwann CELL  THEORY The cell is the structural and func...
microscope Size and shape of cells 1 micrometre ( μm) equals 0.001 millimetres (mm) cell
Structure and composition of cells Animal cell Plant cell 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 cell membrane cytoplasm nucleus cell membrane ...
Types of cells bacteria Prokaryotic cells The genetic material is loose in the cytoplasm. NEXT
Types of cells Animal cell Plant cell nucleus Eukaryotic cells The genetic material is enclosed in a nucleus.
Cellular nutrition Amoeba nutrients CATABOLISM ANABOLISM
Cellular nutrition CELLULAR METABOLISM Catabolism GO BACK complex organic substances simple substances energy
Cellular nutrition METABOLISM Anabolism CELLULAR METABOLISM complex  organic substances simple substances energy GO BACK
Autotrophic nutrition 1 2 3 4 CLICK ON NUMBERS
sunlight O 2 H 2 O CO 2 mineral salts Autotrophic nutrition simple  organic  matter 1 Inorganic matter is taken in. GO BACK
O 2 Autotrophic nutrition simple organic matter 2 energy Catabolism GO BACK
CO 2 Autotrophic nutrition 3 Carbon dioxide is expelled. GO BACK
other functions Autotrophic nutrition complex organic matter energy simple organic  matter Anabolism 4 GO BACK
Heterotrophic nutrition 1 2 3 4 CLICK ON NUMBERS
Heterotrophic nutrition 1 Organic matter is taken in. simple organic matter GO BACK
Heterotrophic nutrition 2 simple organic matter Catabolism O 2 H 2 O CO 2 energy GO BACK
Heterotrophic nutrition 3 Carbon dioxide is expelled. CO 2 GO BACK
Heterotrophic nutrition 4 simple organic matter Anabolism energy complex organic matter other functions GO BACK
organic matter oxygen mineral salts water sunlight carbon dioxide Photosynthesis CO 2 H 2 O O 2 sunlight carbon dioxide wa...
organic matter oxygen carbon dioxide water Cellular respiration CO 2 H 2 O O 2 energy MITOCHONDRION carbon dioxide water o...
Cell division parent cell UNICELLULAR ORGANISMS population growth MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS growth daughter cells
Cell division spores Binary fission Multiple fission Budding Sporulation In fungi, algae, moss and ferns In some protozoa ...
Eukaryotic cell Genetic material chromatin Before cell division chromosomes Karyotype of a human being 46 chromosomes nucl...
Mitosis SEE PROCESS
Mitosis GO BACK
Links Introducing cells http://www.usoe.k12.ut.us/CURR/SCIENCE/sciber00/7th/cells/sciber/intro.htm Cell Inspector interact...
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U01 Basis Of Life

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U01 Basis Of Life

  1. 1. The basis of life CONTENTS RESOURCES
  2. 2. CONTENTS <ul><li>Vital functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vital functions </li></ul></ul>Biomolecules Biomolecules Cells History of cell discovery Size and shape Structure and composition Types of cells Cellular nutrition Cellular nutrition Autotrophic nutrition Heterotrophic nutrition Photosynthesis Cell division Cell division Genetic material Mitosis THE BASIS OF LIFE Cellular respiration Cellular respiration
  3. 3. RESOURCES Vital functions Biomolecules History of cell discovery Types of cells Structure and composition of cells Cellular nutrition Autotrophic nutrition Heterotrophic nutrition Cell division Genetic material Mitosis Size and shape of cells Cellular respiration Photosynthesis Links Introducing cells
  4. 4. Vital functions VITAL FUNCTIONS Living beings NUTRITION INTERACTION REPRODUCTION
  5. 5. Vital functions NUTRITION Living beings obtain the matter and energy necessary for life. Autotrophic organisms inorganic matter organic matter Heterotrophic organisms Living beings GO BACK
  6. 6. Living beings Vital functions INTERACTION Living beings relate with their surrounding environment. Animals have receptors and effectors . Plants do not have receptors, but they can respond to stimuli. GO BACK
  7. 7. Vital functions REPRODUCTION New individual living beings are produced. Asexual reproduction: one parent Sexual reproduction: male and female parents Living beings GO BACK
  8. 8. water mineral salts Biomolecules calcium, iron, magnesium, etc. Organic molecules
  9. 9. History of cell discovery He was the first person to use the word “cell”. He discovered tiny organisms in a drop of water. 1675 Anthony van Leeuwenhoek microscope “ animacules” 1665 Robert Hooke microscope cork under a microscope
  10. 10. History of cell discovery 1838 Matthias J. Schleiden and Theodor Schwann CELL THEORY The cell is the structural and functional unit of all living things. 1855 Rudolf Virchow CELL THEORY All cells come from pre-existing cells.
  11. 11. microscope Size and shape of cells 1 micrometre ( μm) equals 0.001 millimetres (mm) cell
  12. 12. Structure and composition of cells Animal cell Plant cell 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 cell membrane cytoplasm nucleus cell membrane nucleus cell wall cytoplasm mitochondrion 1 Golgi body 2 vacuoles 3 rough ER 4 chloroplast 5 CLICK ON THE NUMBERS
  13. 13. Types of cells bacteria Prokaryotic cells The genetic material is loose in the cytoplasm. NEXT
  14. 14. Types of cells Animal cell Plant cell nucleus Eukaryotic cells The genetic material is enclosed in a nucleus.
  15. 15. Cellular nutrition Amoeba nutrients CATABOLISM ANABOLISM
  16. 16. Cellular nutrition CELLULAR METABOLISM Catabolism GO BACK complex organic substances simple substances energy
  17. 17. Cellular nutrition METABOLISM Anabolism CELLULAR METABOLISM complex organic substances simple substances energy GO BACK
  18. 18. Autotrophic nutrition 1 2 3 4 CLICK ON NUMBERS
  19. 19. sunlight O 2 H 2 O CO 2 mineral salts Autotrophic nutrition simple organic matter 1 Inorganic matter is taken in. GO BACK
  20. 20. O 2 Autotrophic nutrition simple organic matter 2 energy Catabolism GO BACK
  21. 21. CO 2 Autotrophic nutrition 3 Carbon dioxide is expelled. GO BACK
  22. 22. other functions Autotrophic nutrition complex organic matter energy simple organic matter Anabolism 4 GO BACK
  23. 23. Heterotrophic nutrition 1 2 3 4 CLICK ON NUMBERS
  24. 24. Heterotrophic nutrition 1 Organic matter is taken in. simple organic matter GO BACK
  25. 25. Heterotrophic nutrition 2 simple organic matter Catabolism O 2 H 2 O CO 2 energy GO BACK
  26. 26. Heterotrophic nutrition 3 Carbon dioxide is expelled. CO 2 GO BACK
  27. 27. Heterotrophic nutrition 4 simple organic matter Anabolism energy complex organic matter other functions GO BACK
  28. 28. organic matter oxygen mineral salts water sunlight carbon dioxide Photosynthesis CO 2 H 2 O O 2 sunlight carbon dioxide water mineral salts organic matter oxygen CHLOROPLAST
  29. 29. organic matter oxygen carbon dioxide water Cellular respiration CO 2 H 2 O O 2 energy MITOCHONDRION carbon dioxide water oxygen organic matter energy
  30. 30. Cell division parent cell UNICELLULAR ORGANISMS population growth MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS growth daughter cells
  31. 31. Cell division spores Binary fission Multiple fission Budding Sporulation In fungi, algae, moss and ferns In some protozoa In yeast In bacteria and protozoa
  32. 32. Eukaryotic cell Genetic material chromatin Before cell division chromosomes Karyotype of a human being 46 chromosomes nucleus
  33. 33. Mitosis SEE PROCESS
  34. 34. Mitosis GO BACK
  35. 35. Links Introducing cells http://www.usoe.k12.ut.us/CURR/SCIENCE/sciber00/7th/cells/sciber/intro.htm Cell Inspector interactive activity http:// www.harcourtschool.com/activity/cell/cell.html Cells alive http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/3dcell.htm The virtual cell http://www.ibiblio.org/virtualcell/textbook/chapter3/chapter3.htm The Virtual Cell Textbook http://www.ibiblio.org/virtualcell/textbook/chapter2/chapter2.htm Cell growth and division http://www.biologycorner.com/bio1/

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