Social Development in World Bank Operations: Results and Way Forward Steen Lau Jørgensen, Director, Social Development,Wor...
Update since Paris ESSD Sustainable Development, June 2003  <ul><li>Management Committee (OPC) Review and   Approval – 17 ...
Social Development Principles <ul><li>Based on Bank-wide consultations, the following Social Development principles were a...
Why these Social Development Principles? <ul><li>Principles are operationally driven </li></ul><ul><li>Many in the develop...
Where does the Bank stand vis a vis Social Development? <ul><li>World Bank public statements, operational policies and str...
Social Development “Activities ” at the World Bank <ul><li>Social Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Participation and civic engag...
Social Development Matters
SD’s Four Strategic Priorities <ul><li>Strengthen policy dialogue and lending </li></ul><ul><li>Improve project effectiven...
Strengthen the Bank’s  policy dialogue and policy-based lending <ul><li>Improve the  process  of preparing and implementin...
Improve the   effectiveness of Bank-supported  investment projects   <ul><li>A more systematic approach to social developm...
Strengthen the social development thematic  portfolio <ul><li>Enhance projects and studies that directly address the socia...
Priority Four : Improve the Bank’s  capacity building, advocacy  and  research   <ul><li>Build the capacity of local netwo...
Implementing the Strategy <ul><li>Generate corporate business strategy by aggregating regional business strategies </li></...
Implementing the Strategy  <ul><li>Improve internal collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country social scientists/ Country...
Risks <ul><li>To the strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inputs: Too slow reallocation of resources and building of internal s...
Feedback (Dec 17,  2003) <ul><li>Group I </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing new and no new policies thus no need for strategy </li>...
Next Steps <ul><li>Regional Business strategies – first half 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>External consultations – first half 20...
What You Can Do <ul><li>Continue advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Formalize our collaboration    (ala rural alliance) </li></ul>...
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Social Development Strategy Social Development in World Bank ...

  1. 1. Social Development in World Bank Operations: Results and Way Forward Steen Lau Jørgensen, Director, Social Development,World Bank SDAN Meeting – 19 Jan 2004 Stockholm
  2. 2. Update since Paris ESSD Sustainable Development, June 2003 <ul><li>Management Committee (OPC) Review and Approval – 17 Nov 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank Board Review – 17 December 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Completion of internal consultations with Sector Boards and Regional management </li></ul><ul><li>External Consultations – UN Third Committee – 6 Oct 2003 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Social Development Principles <ul><li>Based on Bank-wide consultations, the following Social Development principles were agreed upon: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These are seen as the appropriate principles by which to engage in positive social change </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why these Social Development Principles? <ul><li>Principles are operationally driven </li></ul><ul><li>Many in the development “business” address the three principles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health, education and social protection focus on individuals and the development and protection of human capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional governance and legal reform deal with formal institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But the contribution of Social development work or approaches is that it starts from the perspective of poor and marginalized people </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where does the Bank stand vis a vis Social Development? <ul><li>World Bank public statements, operational policies and strategies accepts and supports global consensus on SD </li></ul><ul><li>Bank has started to incorporate social development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects involve e.g., social analysis, participation, community-driven development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy/country level – beginning with process, poverty and social impact analysis and social accountability </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Social Development “Activities ” at the World Bank <ul><li>Social Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Participation and civic engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Community-driven development </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict prevention and reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Social safeguards (resettled and indigenous peoples) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Social Development Matters
  8. 8. SD’s Four Strategic Priorities <ul><li>Strengthen policy dialogue and lending </li></ul><ul><li>Improve project effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the portfolio of social development projects </li></ul><ul><li>Building on foundation of capacity building, advocacy and research </li></ul>
  9. 9. Strengthen the Bank’s policy dialogue and policy-based lending <ul><li>Improve the process of preparing and implementing policy dialogue and lending </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the social development content of policy analysis , working from positive experiences with Poverty and Social Impact Analysis ( PSIA ) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Country Social Analysis, thus a flexible menu driven approach builds on PSIA, conflict analysis and civil society assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance freestanding, analytic work on the social dimensions of development seeking to better understand and address local level institutions, social capital, and local governance. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Improve the effectiveness of Bank-supported investment projects <ul><li>A more systematic approach to social development and stronger follow-through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve social analysis by relying more on upstream country and sectoral analysis; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve participation to include better monitoring and better sustainability; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopt social development tools to improve efficiency by looking at systematic approach instead of transaction by transaction </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Strengthen the social development thematic portfolio <ul><li>Enhance projects and studies that directly address the social development principles of: </li></ul><ul><li>inclusion (for instance, the Roma in Eastern Europe, youth in the Middle East and North Africa, Afro-descendants and Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and gender in South Asia); </li></ul><ul><li>cohesion (i.e., through reconstruction of war-torn societies), and </li></ul><ul><li>accountability (enhancing the ability of citizens to hold governments accountable (Peru, Philippines)) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Priority Four : Improve the Bank’s capacity building, advocacy and research <ul><li>Build the capacity of local networks of social development specialists, creating coalitions for social development and training local consultants to provide project support; </li></ul><ul><li>Align research priorities better with operational needs by supporting research that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>explores further the link between the social dimensions of development and economic growth, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>refines indicators for social development, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>better evaluates the impacts of social development projects; and </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sustain advocacy based on better aligned research and clarify the aspects of social development the Bank will address directly. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Implementing the Strategy <ul><li>Generate corporate business strategy by aggregating regional business strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain and deepen ongoing corporate directions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PRSP, results, governance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Realign World Bank operational and human resource policies, procedures and practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational policies on development policy lending and social analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better policies on local hires, recognition of team membership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengthen external partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge partnership (with DFID and GTZ/BMZ on PSIA, Norway and Finland on broad range) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DGF funded: Post-Conflict Fund, Small Grants Program, Global Fund for Indigenous Peoples </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Implementing the Strategy <ul><li>Improve internal collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country social scientists/ Country program coordinators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship with gender, social protection, poverty and governance groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More and better skills, especially in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ macro” policy level, political analysis and implementation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build professional association </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitor results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome in countries, Bank inputs, processes and outputs </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Risks <ul><li>To the strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inputs: Too slow reallocation of resources and building of internal skills base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outputs: Social development not incorporated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes: Too little Government commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From the strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase rhetoric/reality gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not addressing key issues (human rights, global civil society changes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staying within mandate </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Feedback (Dec 17, 2003) <ul><li>Group I </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing new and no new policies thus no need for strategy </li></ul><ul><li>The WB is already doing this so no need for strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Do not disclose to outside world </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 </li></ul><ul><li>The current draft is not strategic enough </li></ul><ul><li>Improve and go ahead </li></ul>
  17. 17. Next Steps <ul><li>Regional Business strategies – first half 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>External consultations – first half 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Finalize corporate business strategy – third quarter 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination after final Board/CODE endorsement - possibly late 2004 </li></ul>
  18. 18. What You Can Do <ul><li>Continue advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Formalize our collaboration (ala rural alliance) </li></ul><ul><li>Do more joint work, training, etc. </li></ul>

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