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Ali presentation

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Ali presentation

  1. 1. EFFECT OF U.S. AID ON By: Alissa HUNGER IN THE Atkinson DEVELOPING WORLD
  2. 2. DEMAND FOR AIDWho needs aid? -925 million people across the globe sufferfrom malnutrition and hunger -Half of all child deaths in developingcountries are related to malnutrition andhunger -The UN estimated 30 countries are in crisisand need external assistance
  3. 3. U.S. PROGRAMS FOR SUPPLYING AIDThe U.S. government can provide food assistance through five program authorities. 1 . The Food for Progress Program 2. The McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program 3. The Food for Peace Act 4. Section 416(b) 5. The Local and Regional Procurement Project The Bill Emerson Humanitarian TrustInformation from: www.fas.usda.gov/food-aid.asp
  4. 4. TYPES OF FOOD AIDThrough the five programs, the U.S. can provide food aid in three different ways. Program food aid Project food aid Emergency food aid Photo courtesy: www.croptocuisine.org
  5. 5. U.S. IMPACT The U.S. is the largest  P h o to c o u r tes y : w w w. i wa t c h n ew s . o r g contributor to developing nations. The European Union, Japan, Canada and Australia follow The U.S. has committed to donating a minimum of 2,500,000 metric tons per year Countries in Sub -Saharan Africa and Asia have been the largest recipients of food aid receiving more than 60 percent of the volume of food during the last 15 year s Source: www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves
  6. 6. PROBLEMS WITH FOOD AIDDelivery of food aidFor the U.S., Food Aid policies have long been a foreign policy issue, i.e. the Cold War, War on TerrorPriority countries aren’t always given first priorityFood aid is donor-driven
  7. 7. ETHICSDivine CommandVirtue EthicsCategorical ImperativeRightsUtilitarianismBeneficenceJustice
  8. 8. SCHOLARLY REFERENCES Travis, Rick, Problems, Politics, and Policy Streams: A Reconsideration US Foreign Aid toward Africa, International Studies Quarterly, Volume 54 Issue 3, p 797 -821 , September 2010 http://web.ebscohost.com.proxy.lib.iastate.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6c8c0a08-d07b-45f9-80ac-9a23539155ec%40sessionmgr114&vid=8&hid=119 Lentz, Erin, Barrett, Christopher, Improving Food Aid: What Reforms Would Yield the Highest Payoff?, World Development, Volume 36 Issue 7, p 1152 -1172, July 2008 http://web.ebscohost.com.proxy.lib.iastate.edu:2048/ehost/detail?sid=6c8c0a08-d07b-45f9-80ac-9a23539155ec%40sessionmgr114&vid=5&hid=119

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