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Standard format of Research article ( how to write research article )


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A formate for writing a research article

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Standard format of Research article ( how to write research article )

  1. 1. Standard Format of Research Articles • Abstract • Introduction: Context, Research Problem, Review of Literature • Methods • Results • Discussion • References
  2. 2. Introduction • Background - the reasons the author(s) conducted the study; theoretical framework • Statement of Purpose - the goal of the research (the destination); the problem statement • Hypotheses - “educated guesses” about relationships or differences
  3. 3. Methodology • Participants (sample) - who the subjects are, how obtained/selected • Materials (equipment, apparatus, measuring instruments) - what was used, quality of measuring instruments • Procedures - how study was conducted; what subjects did or what was done to them
  4. 4. Results • Technical summary of the statistical analyses used: • In text • In tables • In figures
  5. 5. Discussion/Conclusions • Non-technical interpretation of results • Linking results to original purposes and hypotheses • Why the results turned out the way they did • Identifying the study’s limitations • Suggesting steps for further research
  6. 6. Evaluating Research • Goal: to be able to critique a research article by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each component of the research • “Tools for Evaluating Research Reports”
  7. 7. Evaluating Introductions: Literature Review • Literature review: to place current study in context of what is known/not known – – – – – – – Nature of literature cited Researcher bias Rationale/need for study Theoretical framework Link of framework to research questions Sufficiency of information Usefulness of review
  8. 8. Evaluating Introductions: Research Questions/Hypotheses • Research questions and hypotheses drive the study – – – – – – – Clarity of problem Sufficient rationale Contribution to existing knowledge Link to theoretical framework and lit review Assumptions explicit/implicit Operational definition of terms Statement of hypotheses
  9. 9. Evaluating Methodology • Sufficient detail of procedures (treatment), design and instruments • Full description of population • Full description of sampling method • Quality of measures used • Obvious weaknesses in design
  10. 10. Evaluating Results • Appropriateness of statistical techniques used • Clarity of presentation of results • Adequacy of presentation of results
  11. 11. Evaluating Discussion/Conclusions • • • • • • Consistency of conclusions with findings Appropriateness of generalizations Discussion of implications of findings Discussion of limitations of study Alternative explanation for findings Linkage of conclusions with theoretical framework, research questions
  12. 12. Practice Exercise Evaluating the Introduction • Literature Review • Research problem/questions