What is a team?A team is a number of persons associated together inwork or activity: as a group on one side (as infootball or debate).”In other words, when one person cannot accomplisha job alone and several individuals must cooperateto fulfill a mission, you need a team. The better thecooperation, communication, and coordinationamong team members, the more efficient the team
Why Teams? Teamwork distributes the work load Teams develop a synergy Teamwork develops diverse thinking which leads to innovative problem solving. It also provides team members an opportunity to work together in a non-competitive environment and it builds their self-confidence.
Start with objectives for developing a team Teach team members how “teamwork” can be effectively used. Teach the basics of effective team strategies. Develop and understanding of team development. Make an assessment of the skills of each team member.
Establish the members of team and a team nameSet the teams goals and end resultsEstablish team rulesDevelop team procedures including communication protocolsDiscuss team control and the decision makingprocess
Team conflict will occur guaranteed and hostility may arise causing a lack of team unityPoor team performance due to storming This includes project creep or wheel-spinning Team performance slips and non-implemented decisions due to conflict Unproductive meetings with unclear objectives and scheduling problems This conflict will lead to members withdrawing into their own work environment thus defeating the whole purpose of the team
This is when members of the team begin to mutually accept each otherHarmony starts to settle in and group bondingThe team starts to fall into place with a clear purpose, group participation, open discussions, team listening, sharing of ideas and non- exclusive leadershipOther sensitive areas come together like civilized disagreement and team decision making
This is when the team becomes a problem solving machineIn other words, solutions start to emerge like flowing water and subjectives give way to the objectives
Stage 5 Team CompletionThis is when the project is complete and the team is ready to disburse. This is an exciting time but a sad one as well. There is a sense of fulfillment and a loss of team unity.Documentation needs to be complete before the team can disburse. This includes: Lessons learned Reports written Problems and Solutions
Communication exerciseThis type of team building exercise is exactly what it soundslike. Communications exercises are problem solving activitiesthat are geared towards improving communication skills. Theissues teams encounter in these exercises are solved bycommunicating effectively with each other.• Goal: Create an activity which highlights the importance ofgood communication in team performance and/or potentialproblems with communication.
Problem-solving/decision-making exerciseProblem-solving/decision-making exercises focus specifically on groups wrking together tosolve difficult problems or make complex decisions. These exercises are some of the mostcommon as they appear to have the most direct link to what employers want their teamsto be able to do.• Goal: Give team a problem in which the solution is not easily apparent or requires theteam to come up with a creative solution.
Planning/adaptabilityexerciseThese exercises focus on aspects ofplanning and being adaptable to change.These are important things for teams tobe able to do when they are assignedcomplex tasks or decisions.• Goal: Show the importance of planningbefore implementing a solution
Trust exerciseA trust exercise involves engaging team members in a way that will inducetrust between them. They are sometimes difficult exercises to implement asthere are varying degrees of trust between individuals and varying degrees ofindividual comfort trusting others in general.• Goal: Create trust between team members
If you only remember one thingremember this: a team is only as strong as its weakest member so team members need to pull together to accomplish the task at hand.