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Decision making

  2. 1. DECISION MAKING  DEFINITION: Decision making concept involves defining the problem ,finding , comparing and choosing a course of action.  Decision making is a process of selecting one course of action from a number of possible alternative in solving a problem or in meeting a situation.
  3. DECISION MAKING RELATED TO MANAGEMENT  The concept of decision making is considered by some to be synonymous with management , because at the moment of choice , the image of the decision maker and manager have much in common.  The conceptual framework of the management process involves decision-making.  Decision making is important in home management , because it is the way we make things happen instead of just letting them happen.
  4.  Decision making forms the central activity pattern or core of the management process as resources(means) are used to attain goals(ends) in living day by day , year by year , and for a lifetime.
  6. • Each family passes through a cycle that begins with the marriage of two young persons , grows with the coming of children , and then again becomes a home of two persons. • A view of the family’s life cycle, from its beginning to its end , assuming there are no breaks. • In the earlier stages , family demands often compete with personal desires of the adults, and thus cause conflicts or frustrations.
  7. ANALYSIS OF THE FAMILY LIFE CYCLE  The family life cycle may be divided into three major stages , usually called the beginning family, the expanding family and the contracting family. 1. THE BEGINNING FAMILY :The first sub stage of the family life cycle is the period of establishment .It begins with marriage and continues until the first child is born. This stage is also one of adjustment, The kind of relationship that the husband and wife establish at this time will in large measures, determine the quality of her future relations.
  9. STAGE 2 : THE EXPANDING FAMILY  The expanding family covers a longer period than the beginning family and includes a number of substages .It begins with the birth of the first child and ends when the last child leaves home. During the child bearing and preschool stage ,parents find it necessary to make adjustments in their relations to each other and to their children as new ones arrive.
  11. a) THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL:  This period begins a series of overlapping experiences that covers the time when the children are about 6 to 12 years of age.  During this period , parents are primarily concerned with the educational and health needs of the children , wit establishing an environment in which the children will have a feeling of belonging , with providing nutritious food , suitable clothing and adequate housing for personal development as well as social and community contacts outside the
  12. THE HIGH SCHOOL:  This period in the family cycle includes the time when the children are 12 to 18 years of age, the teen age period .
  13.  The parents are now occupied with helping the children through high school, vocational , or trade school , and assisting them in solving their personality  Social and vocational problems , to aid them in becoming independent and self-reliant individual.
  14.  STAGE 3: THE CONTRACTING FAMILY  The period of vocational adjustment sometime called the launching period ,.  It is the period of uncertainty and adjustment for both parents and children . The family circle is now widened to include new relatives through marriage as well as grandchildren.
  15. FAMILY COMPOSITION:  The problems of who makes the decision, in the family , who has the largest share in the process . The husband and wife's , the kinds of decision made, and how pattern of decision making change throughout the stages in the family life cycle have been investigated .
  16.  Survey showed that both husband and wife participated and that they made purchases together another survey showed that home improvements handling the money and bills and saving and joint responsibility of husband and wife was shown no more than 54 percent of the wife usually bought the groceries .
  17.  The findings give some support to the idea that men and women have areas in which they are more apt to be concerned , for example father and sons are apt to be more concerned with the families car and mother and daughters with the entertainment of guests .
  18.  Women appeared to be the most active in home management and men in money management. Women supported that they become more emotionally involved in decision making decision than men
  19.  FAMILY SIZE: A fundamental social group in society typically consisting of one or two parents and their children.  DECISION MAKING IN RELATION TO FAMILY SIZE:  The percentage of families with small children where the father works and the mother stays home has been steady or creeping slightly higher.  Decision making is essential to maintaining and improving life condition, including home design.  Values guides decision. Values also influence decision makes because they realize that the
  20.  The main difference between personal and family decision making is that the lateral is more complex.  The more people involved in decision making, the more complex the decision process is likely to be.  In a simple situation, only one family member is involved in making a decision, and everyone else simply accepts whatever that person decides.  In more complex situation, each family member may suggest a different course of action.  Individuals who live together have to decide on