Vegetables Companion Planting Guide                                                  Vegetables Common       Scientific   ...
have up to 25%                                                                                     magnesium.             ...
plants, but listed                                                                             by others as               ...
peas, beets,                                         carrots, and                                         Dill Common     ...
marjoram and                                                                                basil; they also              ...
strained and use                                                                                              within a few...
Herbs  Common      Scientific                                                                            Comment          ...
spicier                                                                            aphids, spiderCilantro /   Coriandrum  ...
subsp. sativa brussels                                                                        of beetles                  ...
carrots,                                                 many bean                          thyme                         ...
and flavor                                                                                                 of crops       ...
Ranunculus ficaria                                                                                       (Celandine),     ...
hoverflies,                                 improves soil quality,                                                    dams...
WALNUT TREESCommon Latin                          Repels /             Helps Helped by Attracts           Avoid           ...
Companion Planting; by Jeannine Davidoff - South African Organic Gardener  ...
Companion Planting in New Zealand; by Brenda Little
Good Neighbors: Companion Planting for Gardeners; by Anna Carr
Organic Gardening Books, Eco Farming Books and Much Morehttp://www.acresusa.comPlanting The Future: Saving Our Medicinal H...
South African Planting and Companion Planting Guide; by Jeannine Davidoff
The Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Cultivating, Drying, and Cooking With More Than50 Herbs; by Emma Calleryh...
DVD: Permaculture Design Certificate Course; DVD Collection with Bill Mollison and Geoff Lawtonhttp://www.permaculture-des...
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Vegetables Companion Planting Guide


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Vegetables Companion Planting Guide

  1. 1. Vegetables Companion Planting Guide Vegetables Common Scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels/Distracts Avoid Comments name name fruit trees, nightshades (tomatoes, capsicum Alliums include peppers, slugs, aphids, onions, garlic, beans, peas,Alliums Allium potatoes), carrots carrot fly, leeks, shallots, parsley brassicas cabbage worms[1] chives, and (cabbage, others broccoli, kohlrabi, etc.) carrots Aster Family flowers, Dill, coupled Coriander, with Basil Asparagus Onion, Garlic,Asparagus Tomatoes[2] Tomatoes, seems to officinalis Potatoes Parsley, Basil, encourage Comfrey, lady bugs Marigolds Brassicas are a geraniums, family of dill, alliums species which (onions, mustards, include potatoes, shallots, nightshades broccoli,Brassicas Brassica cereals (e.g. wireworms garlic, etc.), (tomatoes, cabbage, corn, wheat) rosemary, peppers, etc.) Brussels nasturtium, sprouts, borage kohlrabi, and cauliflower. Corn (see Three Sisters), Tomatoes, Spinach, chili peppers, lettuce, Hosts nitrogen- alliums rosemary, fixing bacteria, a Eggplant, (onions, summer California good fertiliserBeans Phaseolus Summer garlic, etc.), savory, dill, beetles for some plants, savoury brassicas carrots, too much for (cabbage, brassicas, others broccoli, beets, radish, etc.) strawberry and cucumbers Good for adding lettuce, minerals to the kohlrabi, Catnip, Runner orBeets Beta Vulgaris soil through onions and Garlic, Mint pole beans[2] composting brassicas leaves which
  2. 2. have up to 25% magnesium. Runner or pole beans and beets stunt each others growth. Rosemary repels cabbage fly, geraniums trap cabbage worms, geraniums, same general dill, alliums, mustards, companion BrassicaBroccoli rosemary, Tomatoes, profile as all oleracea nasturtium, peppers brassica borage (cabbage, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc.) Rosemary repels cabbage flies, geraniums trap mustards, cabbage worms, Tomatoes, same general geraniums, peppers companion BrassicaCabbage dill, alliums, strawberries, profile as all oleracea rosemary and brassica pole/runner (cabbage, beans kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc.) Tomatoes grow better with carrots, but may stunt the carrots growth. Beans (which are bad assassin for tomatoes) bug, alliums provide the lacewing, Tomatoes, (leeks, nitrogen carrots parasitic Alliums shallots, etc.), need more than wasp, Dill, parsnip,Carrots Daucus carota (onions, rosemary, some other yellow radish chives, etc.), wormwood, vegetables. jacket and lettuce sage, beans, Aromatic other flax companion predatory plants repel wasps carrot fly. Sage, rosemary, and radishes are recommended by some as companion
  3. 3. plants, but listed by others as incompatible. Alliums inter- planted with carrots confuse onion and carrot flies. For the beneficial insect-attracting properties of carrots to work, they need to be allowed to flower; Otherwise, use the wild carrot, Queen Annes Lace, for the same effect. Flax produces an oil that may protect root vegetables like carrots from some pests. corn, Aster flowers, Cosmos, Apium these canCelery Daisies, graveolens transmit the Snapdragons aster yellows disease Sunflowers, legumes (beans, peas, soybeans etc.), peanuts, Provides beans cucurbits with a trellis, is (squash, protected from cucumbers,Corn / Tomato, predators and Zea mays beans melons, etc.),Maize Celery dryness by amaranth, cucurbits, in the white three sisters geranium, technique lambs quarters, morning glory, parsley, and potato[2] Nasturtiums, Beneficial Cucumis radishes, Tomato,Cucumber for ground Sativus marigolds, Sage beetles sunflowers,
  4. 4. peas, beets, carrots, and Dill Common Scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels/Distracts Avoid Comments name nameEggplant Marigolds, Solanum Beans, Marigolds willor tarragon, melongena Peppers deter nematodes.Aubergine mints Same companion Legumes Allium cabbage worms, traits as all Celery, apple (beans, peas,Leek ampeloprasum carrots aphids, carrot alliums (onions, trees etc.), Swiss v. porrum fly, others garlic, shallots, chard chives, etc.) Mints (including hyssop, sage, and Radish, celery, various "balms")Lettuce Lactuca sativa Kohlrabi, cabbage, repel slugs, a beans, carrots cress, parsley bane of lettuce and cabbages Same general Cabbage, companion cauliflower, profile as all Brassicaceae, radish, brassicaMustard various pests Sinapis alba Brussels (cabbage, sprouts, kohlrabi, turnips Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc.) Nightshade beans, black plants include walnuts, tomatoes, carrots, corn, fennel, tobacco, chili alliums, mints dill, brassica peppersNightshades Solanaceae (basil, (broccoli, (including bell oregano, etc.) cabbage, peppers), cauliflower, potatoes, etc.) eggplant, and others Common Scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels/Distracts Avoid Comments name name Tomatoes, Same companion brassicas Beans, traits as all other aphids, carrotOnion Allium cepa (broccoli, Carrots lentils, peas, alliums (chives, fly, other pests cabbage, parsley garlic, shallots, etc.) leeks, etc.) Pepper plants like high humidity, which beans, kale tomatoes, can be helped Solanaceae, themselves, Tomato (cabbage,Peppers geraniums, along by planting Capsicum marjoram Hornworm Brussels petunias with some kind sprouts, etc.) of dense-leaf or ground-cover companion, like
  5. 5. marjoram and basil; they also need direct sunlight, but their fruit can be harmed by it...pepper plants grown together, or with tomatoes, can shelter the fruit from sunlight, and raises the humidity level. Atriplex, carrot, Horseradish cucumber, increases the Solanum oignon,Potato Horseradish disease tuberosum raspberries, resistance of squash, potatoes sunflower, tomato The flowers of the parsnip plant left to seed will attract a variety of predatory insects to the garden, they are particularly helpful when left under fruit trees, the predators attacking codling moth and light brown apple moth. The root a variety of Pastinaca also containsParsnip fruit trees predatory Sativa Myristricin, insects which is toxic to fruit flies, house flies, red spider mite, pea aphids, a simple blender made extraction of three blended parsnips roots to one litre of water through a food processor (not one for preparing food) and left overnight,
  6. 6. strained and use within a few days. Radishes can be used as a trap crop against fleaPumpkin Buckwheat, Spiders, Curcurbita beetles,and other corn, beans catnip, tansy, Ground spp Curcurbita canSquash radishes Beetles be used in the three sisters technique squash, Radishes can be Rafanus eggplant, flea beetles, used as a trapRadish Sativus cucumber[2], cucumber beetles crop against flea lettuce beetles The peas and Spinacia beans provideSpinach Peas, Beans oleracea natural shade for the spinach Black walnuts inhibit tomato growth, in fact they are negative allelopathic to all other nightshade plants (chili pepper, potato, tobacco, petunia) basil[3], as well, because oregano, Black it produces a parsley, walnut, corn, chemical called carrots, fennel, peas, juglone. Dill marigold, dill, potatoes, attracts tomato roses, Alliums, Solanum Tomato beetroot, hornworm.Tomatoes peppers, celery, asparagus beetle lycopersicum Hornworm brassicas asparagus Geraniums, (kohlrabi, Growing Petunias, cabbage, tomatoes with Nasturtium, etc.), Basil does not Borage, any rosemary appear to type of onion enhance tomato or chives flavour but studies have shown that growing them around 10 inches apart can increase the yield of tomatoes by about 20%.[3]Herbs
  7. 7. Herbs Common Scientific Comment Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid name name s is said to make tomatoes taste better, chamomil tomato[3], e and peppers, asparagus beetle, Ocimum chamomile common anise areBasil oregano, butterflies mosquitoes, thrips basilicum , anise rue supposed asparagus, and flies to increase petunias the essential oils in many herbs like basil Predict a Almost square everything, meter for especially its adult strawberry, size. Borago cucurbits Predatory insects, Borage isBorage many pests officinalis (cucumber, honeybees the magic gourds), bullet of tomatoes companio and n cabbage plants[citatio n needed] Strawberrie Parasitic wasps,Caraway Carum carvi s parasitic flies Growing Basil, near herbs Wheat, Matricaria willChamomile Onion, Hoverflies, wasps recutita increase Cabbage, their oil Cucumber production. loves shade, fortunately it grows well with Radish, shade- AnthriscusChervil lettuce, aphids radish tolerant cerefolium broccoli food plants; will make radishes grown near it taste
  8. 8. spicier aphids, spiderCilantro / Coriandrum beans, spinach tachinid fly mites, white fliesCoriander sativum peas and potato beetle Same companion traits as all alliums Apples, (onions, carrots, garlic, tomatoes, shallots, Allium brassica cabbage worms, beans, leeks,Chives schoenoprasu (broccoli, carrots carrot fly, aphids peas etc.)said to m cabbage, prevent mustard, apple scab etc.), many after 3 others years planting at base of apple trees Common Scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments name name Tiger Swallowtail Cabbages, one of the butterflies/caterpillar Corn, Aphids, spider few plants Anethum s, Hoverflies, Wasps, carrots,Dill Lettuce, mites, squash bugs, said to graveolens Tomato Hornworm, tomatoes Onions, cabbage looper grow with honeybees, Cucumbers fennel Ichneumonid Wasps Fennel is allelopathic to most garden plants, Almost inhibiting Foeniculum ladybugs, syrphidFennel Dill Dill aphids everythin growth, vulgare fly, tachinid fly g causing to bolt, or actually killing many plants Deters rabbits, Apple same trees, Pear Aphids, cabbage companion trees, Beans, Allium looper, ants, traits as allGarlic Roses, cabbages, sativum rabbits, cabbage alliums Cucumbers peas maggot (onions, , Lettuce, chives, Celery shallots, leeks, etc.) Cannabis Brassica RepelsHemp sativa L. (cabbage, many types
  9. 9. subsp. sativa brussels of beetles sprouts, which other kales) attack cabbages. Cabbage moth Stimulates Hyssopus Cabbage, honeybees,Hyssop larvae, Cabbage growth of officinalis grapes butterflies Butterflies grapes. Is thought to improve the health of almost all plants, like borage Ichneumonid Wasps, Levisticum Almost all andLovage beans ground beetles rhubarb officinale plants geraniums, (good) is considered a "magic bullet" of companion planting provides ground cover and much- Tomatoes, needed Origanum peppers, humidityOregano basil aphids vulgare many other for pepper plants plants if allowed to spread among them Sacrificiall y attracts Asparagus, Swallowtail Petroselinum Alliums, insects thatParsley corn/maize, Butterflies, wasps, Crispum lettuce predate tomatoes flies upon tomatoes Common Scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments name name Repels cabbage Brassica flies, has (cabbage, same Mentha kholrabi, cabbage fly, ants,Peppermint general piperita broccoli, cabbage looper companion and the properties other kales) as other mints sage, Deters RosmarinusRosemary cabbage, bean beetle basil cabbage officinalis beans, flies, repels
  10. 10. carrots, many bean thyme parasites cabbage flies, Deters rosemary, carrot fly, black cabbage Salvia cabbage, honeybees, cabbageSage flea beetle, cabbage flies, repels officinalis beans, butterfly looper, cabbage many bean carrots maggot parasites Controls cabbageSouthernwoo Artemisia moths and Fruit treesd abrotanum malaria mosquitoes . Controls ants and aphids, has same MenthaSpearmint ants, aphids general spicata companion properties as other mints. also delays GreenSummer Satureja germinatio beans,Savoury hortensis n of certain onions, foul herbs Is reputed to generally repel flying insects beans, insects(Ichneumoni (except for cucurbits d Wasps), Japanese nectar- Tanacetum (cucumbersTansy honeybees beetles, striped eating vulgare , squash, cucumber beetles, types). etc.), corn, squash bugs and This herb roses ants should not be consumed, as it is quite toxic. Its scent is disliked by most pests, and this Everything, plant is Artemisia but alsoTarragon dracunculus especially thought to eggplant have Nurse Plant properties, enhancing the growth
  11. 11. and flavor of crops grown with it. Cabbage DetersThyme and white fly broccoliFlowers Flowers Common Helped Repels / Latin Name Helps Attracts Avoid Comments Name by Distracts A trap crop, attracting pests away from roses Tomatoes, and grape vines, distracts leafhoppers, Tobacco, Pelargonium Roses, corn, beet leafhoppers, carrierGeraniums Japanese Eggplants spp. peppers, grapes of the curly top virus, beetles and other keep away from nightshades Solanaceous plants like eggplant, and tobacco Cucurbits, This wildflower is a brassica, tomatoes legume, hosting bacteria summerLupin Lupinus lettuce, Honeybees and other that fixes nitrogen in the savory rosemary, dill, solanaceae soil, fertilizing it for strawberry neighboring plants Marigolds are a wonder- drug of the companion plant world, invoking the saying "plant them everywhere in your garden". French marigolds produce a most plants, pesticidal chemical from especially their roots, so strong it tomatoes and lasts years after they are peppers, gone. Mexican nematodes, Asteraceae cucurbits marigolds do the same, beet leafMarigold Calendula (cucumbers, snails but are so strong they hoppers, Tagetes gourds, will inhibit the growth of other pests squash), some more tender herbs. brassicas Certain Varieties of (broccoli, kale, marigolds (Tagetes) can cabbage) help manage eelworms (Root-knot nematode) when planted the year before [1]. Tagetes has also been found effective against perennial weeds such as
  12. 12. Ranunculus ficaria (Celandine), Aegopodium podagraria (Ground elder), Glechoma hederacea (Ground ivy), Agropyron repens (Couch grass), Convolvulus arvensis (Field bindweed), Equisetum arvense (Field/Common Horsetail) and other starchy weeds.[citation needed] leafhoppers, cucurbits Japanese (squash, Is a trap crop almost Petunia x beetles,Petunia pumpkins, identical to geraniums in hybrida aphids, cucumbers), function asparagus asparagus beetle Many plants, especially cucurbits aphids, (melons, cabbage Both work as trap crops cucumbers, looper, radish[citation for aphids, is among the Tropaeolum gourds), beans, predatoryNasturtium squash bug, needed], best at attracting majus tomatoes, apple insects white fly, cauliflower predatory insects[citation trees, brassicas needed] cucumber (broccoli, beetles cabbage, etc.), radish[citation needed] Was grown as a companion for corn(maize) before modern Europeans arrived in the Americas, HelianthusSunflower corn, tomatoes aphids supposedly increases annuus their production, ants herd aphids onto sunflowers, keeping them off neighboring plants sugar ants, cucurbits Japanese (cucumbers, beetles, Toxic to many animals, Tanacetum squash, etc.),Tansy cucumber dont plant it where vulgare raspberries and beetles, livestock browse relatives, roses, squash bugs, corn mice predatory May increase the AchilleaYarrow many plants wasps, essential oil production millefolium ladybugs, of some herbs. Also
  13. 13. hoverflies, improves soil quality, damselbugs use the leaves to enrich compost, or as mulch. beans, Attracts hummingbirdsZinnia Zinnia tomatoes, whiteflies that eat whitflies, attracts peppers pollinatorsOther OtherCommon Latin Helped Repels / Helps Attracts Avoid Comments Name Name by Distracts Used by farmers to reduce cotton assassin bug, big- pests, a good crop to improve soil; Medicago eyed bug, LygusAlfalfa Cotton fixes nitrogen like beans do. Also sativa Ladybug, parasitic bugs breaks up hardpan and other tough wasps soil.TreesApple APPLE TREESCommon Latin Repels / Helps Helped by Attracts Avoid Comments Name Name Distracts Cedar because of apple- cedar rust. Clover, Chive, Garlic, Malus Leek, Nasturtium,Apple Walnut because its roots domestica Southernwood, Daffodils, produce growth Comfrey inhibitors that apple trees are sensitive to[4]Apricot APRICOT TREES Common Helped Repels / Latin Name Helps Attracts Avoid Comments Name by Distracts Prunus A fungus that peppers are prone to canApricot peppers armeniaca infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm.Walnut
  14. 14. WALNUT TREESCommon Latin Repels / Helps Helped by Attracts Avoid Comments Name Name Distracts Black walnut is harmful to the growth of all European nightshade plants, including Datura or Jimson AlderWalnut Juglans weed, eggplant, mandrake, deadly nightshade or (sacrifice belladonna, capsicum (paprika, chile pepper), plant) potato, tomato, and petunia.COMPANION PLANTING BOOKS(Intercropping Gardening, Mixed Vegetables Gardening, Polycultures Gardening):Carrots Love Tomatoes and Roses Love Garlic: Secrets of Companion Planting for SuccessfulGardening; by Louise Riotte of Companion Planting; by Pamela Allardice Basics Companion Planting; by Bob Flowerdew Pest Control, including: Bird, Bacillus Thuringiensis, Predation, Companion Planting,Disease Resistance In Fruit And Vegetables, Biocide, Parasitoid, Pyrethrum, Beetle Bank, Scoliidae,Pyrethrin, Fire Ant, Integrated Pest Management, Tansy; by Hephaestus Books
  15. 15. Companion Planting; by Jeannine Davidoff - South African Organic Gardener Planting; by Richard Bird Planting and Intensive Cultivation; by Nancy Lee Maffia Planting Boost Your Gardens Health, Secure It From Pests And Grow More Vegetables;by Ephraim Acre Planting for Successful Gardening; by Louise Riotte Planting for Veggies; by Annette Welsford Planting Guide; by Julie Villani Planting In Australia; by Brenda Little
  16. 16. Companion Planting in New Zealand; by Brenda Little Planting Made Easy; by Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine Planting: Successful Gardening the Organic Way; by Gertrud Franck Plants and How to Use Them: A Guide to Planting the Right Plants to Ward off PlantDiseases; by Helen Louise Porter Philbrick Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer Companion to Native Plants. Selecting, Planting and Caring for over 400 Australian NativePlants; by Allan Seale Companions: A Guide to Gardening with Plants that Help Each Other; by Bob Flowerdew
  17. 17. Good Neighbors: Companion Planting for Gardeners; by Anna Carr Garden Companions: A Companion-Planting System for a Beautiful, Chemical-Free VegetableGarden; by Sally Jean Cunningham Together: the A to Z of Companion Planting; by Susan Tomnay A Step Towards Sustainability; by Haseeb ur Rehman Frenchs Guide to Companion Planting in Australia and New Zealand; by Jackie French of Companion Plants; by Frederic P Millerhttp://www.alibris.com Garden Companion: A Complete Guide for the Beginner, With a Special Emphasis on UsefulPlants and Intensive Planting in the Wayside, Dooryard, Patio, Rooftop, and Vacant Lot; by JamieJobb
  18. 18. Organic Gardening Books, Eco Farming Books and Much Morehttp://www.acresusa.comPlanting The Future: Saving Our Medicinal Herbs; by Rosemary Gladstar of Companion Planting: Herbs and Their Part in Good Gardening; by Richard B. Gregg And Practice Of Plant Conservation; by David R. Given Successful Organic Gardening: Companion Planting; by Susan McClure of Companion Planting: Plants That Help, Plants That Hurt; by Brenda Little Mates: Companion Plants for Your Vegetable Garden; by Sara Alway
  19. 19. South African Planting and Companion Planting Guide; by Jeannine Davidoff Gardening, including: Raised Bed Gardening, Energy-efficient Landscaping,Permaculture, Masanobu Fukuoka, Companion Planting, Biological Pest Control, Leaf Mold, SpentMushroom Compost, Green Roof, Agroecology, Wildlife Garden, Mulch; by Hephaestus Books The Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of Californias NaturalResources; by M. Kat Anderson A-Z of Companion Planting; by Jayne Neville Best Gardening Ideas I Know: Foolproof way to start any seed, Compost piles that work,Practical companion planting, More vegetables in less space, Succession planting chart, Naturalweed controls, Mulching with weeds, Midsummer feeding; by Robert Rodale Change, Intercropping, Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms; by Eric Lichtfouse And The Scientific Basis Of Traditional Agriculture; by Donald Quayle Innis
  20. 20. The Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Cultivating, Drying, and Cooking With More Than50 Herbs; by Emma Callery Complete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer Cook and the Gardener: A Year of Recipes and Writings for the French Countryside; by AmandaHesser Ecology of Intercropping; by John H. Vandermeer Huge Book Of Organic Gardening And Companion Planting; by Billie Rex Backyard Herb Garden: A Gardeners Guide to Growing Over 50 Herbs Plus How to Use Themin Cooking, Crafts, Companion Planting and More; by Miranda Smith
  21. 21. DVD: Permaculture Design Certificate Course; DVD Collection with Bill Mollison and Geoff Lawtonhttp://www.permaculture-design-courses.com Plant a Row for the Hungry. Thank YOU!Please use search engines to find "Plant A Row For The Hungry"locations, people, Food Banks and churches near you. Thank you.