A How to Guide for Creating Your Own Easy Care Garden - Clarence City, Tasmania
How does yourgarden grow? A HOW-TO GUIDE FOR CREATING YOUR OWN EASY CARE GARDEN
Contents Introduction 3 Message of Support – Tino Carnevale 4 Why Easy Care Gardening? 5 HOW Raised Garden Beds 6 Easy Gardening 6 Soil Mix Recipe 7 Water Wise Gardeing 7 Mulch 8 Compost 8 Joan’s Tip: Propagating Roses 9 Sun Protection 10 Kev’s Tip: Recycle Potting Soil 10 Choosing Plants 11 Organic Recipes for Pest Control 12 Herbs 13 RESOURCES Some Useful Resources 15 Companion Planting 16 Marie’s Tips: Companion Planting 18 Other Great Companions 18 Garden Design 20 Clarence Plant Species List 22 RECIPES & TIPS Bellerive Primary School 24 Geilston Bay High School 26 South Arm Primary School 28 Lauderdale Primary School 30 Clarendon Vale Primary School 31 Notes & IDeas 32 Acknowledgements Thank you to Council’s Positive Ageing Advisory Committee (CPAAC) and volunteers from the Clarence Community Volunteer Service (CCVS), for their commitment, time and support in the development of this resource. Thank you to all schools, groups and individuals who provided their handy tips, recipes and resources and allowed us to photograph them and their gardens.2 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 3IntroductionWelcome to Clarence City Council’s new resource to help you ‘plant ahead’for the future.The seed was planted for “How does your garden grow?” back in 2009 whenthe Clarence Community Volunteer Service (CCVS) teamed up with Council’sPositive Ageing Advisory Committee (CPAAC).With the help of dedicated and hard working volunteer gardeners, olderclients of the service were assisted in transforming their unmanageablegardens into more easy care, low maintenance.Simple changes to the gardens such as mulching to reduce weeds, creatingraised beds, and choosing water wise plants, helped them to enjoy theirgardens more; feel better about remaining in their homes or ‘ageing in place’;and have more time to pursue other activities.Council is very supportive of the philosophybehind this resource kit, which is let’s start earlyto look at how our own gardens grow beforeit becomes too late to be able to manage andcare for them as we grow older.On behalf of the Clarence CommunityVolunteer Service and CPAAC, we hope thatno matter what age you are, this resource willprovide information that will inspire you tothink and start planning and planting aheadhow your garden grows.It is never too early to start!Alderman Doug Chipman Marie – CPAAC member at the Warrane MorningtonChair of the CPAAC and Deputy Mayor Neighbourhood Centre garden
Message of Support Growing our own food is one of the most rewarding things we can do for ourselves and our families but we don’t always think about what a positive effect it can also have on our community at large. It has been very inspiring to witness the explosion of gardening projects across the state, with schools, garden clubs, councils and self-motivated groups coming together to create this movement towards self sufficiency. You may find that you start a garden for a single reason, to grow seasonal food or to save money, but then find that there are added benefits such as improved health and spending more time with your family. As we harvest our fruit and vegies, we can also take a moment to appreciate that we are part of something much larger, a global community. Tino Carnevale ABC Gardening Australia4 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 5Why easy caregardening? ening is a fun andIt doesn’t matter what age you are, gard many people.enjoyable past time or hobby for so stant maintainingOften what is not so enjoyable is con ers or vegetables,of garden spaces, large or small, flow ire lawn mowing,that are overgrown with weeds, requ work.and take up many hours of energy and overwhelming, particularly if you areFor many people these tasks can be a source ing out in the garden starts to becomeless mobile than you used to be. Gett garden yment, because you can’t maintain theof frustration and worry, instead of enjoand have it looking like it used to. and Service helps older people who are frail The Clarence Community Volunteer ching them up with volunteers to assist them young people with disabilities, by mat ening and ssing medical appointments, light gard with everything from shopping, acce befriending. need service began to notice an increasing Over the last few years the volunteer pulling weeds, r gardens. Tasks such as in older people requiring help with thei hard ting and pruning were becoming too mowing lawns, removing leaves, plan e from ing to think perhaps they should mov and overwhelming. People were start e too much of a chore for them to look after their homes because their gardens wer independently or with help. planting as mulching, raised gardens beds, and With just a few simple measures, such ts have had their gardens, and their lives easy care water wise plants, many clien transformed. You can too! en now. thinking about transforming your gard Don’t leave it until it is too late – start this that will make a big difference. There are so many ways you can do g your navigate how to go about transformin You can use this resource to help you you think are just starting out, this kit can help garden in big or small ways, and if you ds. nce easy care garden to suit your nee about how to design a low maintena So let’s get started!
HOW? Easy Gardening Roches Beach As we get older we MUST NOT think we can’t garden any more. The ‘easy garden’ is the way to go! Raised Easy gardens should be raised so they are not difficult to maintain. Use any garden beds containers that may fit on a table. Use an old sink or washing trough, or even go to your local tip-shop and pick up cheap containers. They should all have o Make sure the width of your garden bed is a little less than twice holes in the bottom for drainage. your arm reach. That means you can reach to the centre from Go for a walk in the Botanical Gardens either side. If you have small reach then make sure you don’t and have look at their easy garden and have to stretch, make the bed narrower to suit you. see how easy it is to companion plant. o Don’t make the beds too long, so that you can walk around You can have a little of everything; them without tiring out. 10 feet is a good length. home grown, fresh and no chemicals, o Make the beds waist high so that you can garden with ease. and the important things, TASTE. It is all o Make beds lower if you want to garden sitting down. your own, grown with love and care. o Beds can be light weight polystyrene containers, or a bench top. I hope you have a go and enjoy yourself. Eight by 16 inch containers could supply fresh vegetables all Please play it safe, DON’T lift heavy pots season for one or two people. and always use a safe area. Take a cup of tea or coffee and go talk to your plants, o Bench tops will need to be sturdy as soil is heavy, especially and watch them grow and produce! when wet. Marie o An old bath can make a good raised bed. CPAAC o When planting in containers, use a light soil mix which will drain easily. You can buy potting mix for containers but make sure it has a good amount of moisture retentive material such as vermiculite or peat moss in it, as pots dry out quickly. r n a ti v e s to S om e a lt e o Lay out your raised beds in a north/south direction. This will g a r de n g r a is e d p u r c h a s in ensure all plants receive equal sunlight throughout the day. ta in e r s of oa m c on ds – S ty r With an east/west direction plants will shade one another as the be f or it h h ol e s b u c k e ts w sun moves across them. and p ot s , ol d ty r e s , dr a in a g e , p ic k e ts p e r s , s ta r o Many nurseries and hardware stores are now selling specially w oo de n s le e h e e ts … . te d ir on s made galvanised iron raised garden beds. an d c or r u g a , use l ti p s h op it f or lo c a o If you don’t have a back problem, then bending can be a useful v is e s k y is exercise to keep your back supple, but if you do have a back in a ti on , th y ou r im a g problem you could consider raised beds. th e li m it ! Source: Botanical Gardens; David Stephen, Creek Road Community Garden6 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 7 HOW? Water wise gardening o Use a hose nozzle with a hand trigger. This gives more control and will save water while walking from place to place in the garden.Soil Mix o Put in new plantings in autumn after a good rain. This means they can get well establishedRecipe before summer. If you plant new plants in summer they will require constant watering. o Use glazed pots for pot plants. Terracotta pots dry out much quicker than glazed pots.Raised bed soil mix 1: o Water the roots of plants, the leaves.o 50% sandy loam mixed with 50% sheep o Water less frequently but water deeply to manure/mushroom compost/compost encourage root growth. Frequent light mix + blood and bone as per packet watering will encourage shallow root growth. instructions. o Mulch, mulch, mulch. Mulch improves waterRaised bed soil mix 2: retention and can reduce evaporation by upo Equal parts of loamy soil or coarse sand to 73%. It also adds nutrients to keep plants and a mushroom type compost. healthy and improves soil structure.o Add a tight fistful of dolomite lime and o Consider planting Tasmania natives. They twice as much powdered animals or have evolved to grow in Tasmania and many chook manure. Alternatively, use a fistful have low water requirements. of blood and bone. o Consider Australian natives. Many have lowo A little kelp seaweed chips can also be water requirements. used to supply potassium and trace o Lawns use a lot of water. Consider reducing minerals. your lawn area or use drought tolerantRaised bed soil mix 3: grasses.o Good quality potting mix – be prepared o Avoid cutting grass too low. Taller grass holds for poor results from a poor quality water better and protects the soil from the potting mix. Results can be improved by sun. Cutting grass too short encourages bare mixing a high nutrient compost. patches and growth of moss in the lawn.Maintenance: o Lawn areas can be converted to native planto As soil level goes down: add sheep strips and mulched to educe water use. manure/mushroom compost/compost mix + blood and bone as per instructions. o Visit water wise gardens to familiarise yourself with the beauty and appearance of nativeo If the soil becomes water repellent plants. remove top third and add any of the above mixes in with existing soil. Clarence City Council has published a FREE booklet “Plants for the Water Friendly Garden”o Add soil wetter to help water penetrate based on some of the plants used at the Rosny the soil. Farm water wise garden.Source: Botanical Gardens; David Stephen, CreekRoad Community Garden Source: David Stephen, Creek Road Community Garden
HOW? ip: Julie’s t o lv e A lw a y s in v ren or y o u r c h il d n in re g r a n d c h il d s of the a ll a s p e c t d c o o k in g ! Clarendon Vale School garden garden an Mulch Nature has always provided mulch for the soil with fallen leaves, Compost oner, promotin g good tu re’s soil conditi imes twigs, bark and animal droppings. Compost is na and can somet e, bi ological activity This surface layer protects and crumb structur healthy plant s required for nourishes the soil beneath. supply all of the nutrient growth. Benefits of Mulch g will take 2-6 d of compostin o Reduces water evaporation The fo llowing metho posting but ethods of com from the soil by up to 73% months. Th ere are other m is simple identify with th o Protects the soil from most home gardeners will erosion effects of wind and method. rain o Adds nutrients and organic Step 1 ass, kitchen aste (weeds, gr matter which improves soil Place non-w oody green w e, as they to an enclosur t crops etc.) in ngths fertility, water retention and peelings, spen ng into short le ble. Chop everythi structure become availa large quantitie s of grass o Reduces weed germination of 3 to 6 cm. If you have for up to a ied in the sun by keeping out light clippings th ey should be dr ntent. e ammonia co o Reduces the need for wee k to reduce th watering Some types of Mulch Step 2 ose from own waste. Cho Blend in so me chopped br or shredded o Pine bark, woodchips, edles, seagrass moist leaves, straw, pine ne sawdust, straw or hay, lawn the pile. t don’t saturate clippings, leaves, sea-weed pape r. Dampen, bu (water to remove salt before layer, if you over each 15cm Sprinkle a fist full of lime . Also, applying) r a food garden the compost fo ird by intend to use ure (up to a th m oist animal man To be effective mulches need to blend in some e. be a minimum of 5cm thick, up to volume) from time to tim k to see if 15cm for a no-dig garden. arter full, chec mpost bin is qu When your co the contents. by turning over Newspaper can be used under deca y is underway other materials to help prevent soil when it is to dig into the Mature co mpost is ready weed growth. Needs wetting your hands. d crumbles in before use. da rk in colour an Community n, Creek Road Source : David Stephe Garden8 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 9 HOW? LEFT: Before mulching BELOW: After mulchingJoan’s Tip: Propagating RosesAre you leaving a garden where you have lived for Make a little hole with a pencil – don’t just push theyears and would love to take some of your favourite cutting in as that can damage the delicate outer layer.roses with you? It’s easy to do! Pat the cutting firmly into place, water it well and cover the whole thing with a plastic bag to keep it moist andThe traditional time for taking cuttings is at pruning time humid.because that is when you have lots of bits to play withbut actually you can propagate at any time through Always take more cuttings than you need – not everythe growing season, from early summer to winter. one will grow. Label your rose cuttings with their properThe important thing is that the wood is ripe enough name if you know it. Place the cuttings in a warm placeand generally it is if the flower has fallen off. Make the with bright light but not in direct sunlight.cutting from a strong cane that has just bloomed. It takes 4 to 8 weeks for the cuttings to root, dependingA good propagating medium is a 50-50 blend of potting on the weather and the rose variety. In fact it may takesoil and perlite. This is a very light blend that encourages as little as 2 weeks or as long as 6 months for roots tothe roots to grow quickly. Rooting hormone is optional develop. Each cutting will develop differently.but success rate is much better with it. Repot the cutting when you see the roots comeMake your cutting 4 or 5 nodes long (a leaf grows at through the bottom of the pot. Keep the cuttings moisteach node) trimming just above the node at the top, at all times, with good air circulation and sunlight.just below it at the bottom. Use really sharp cutters toprevent crushing the stem and make a very clean cut. Good luck!
HOW? Sun protection Exposure Limits Exposure UV Index Sun Protection Recommendations Low 2 or less You can safely stay outdoors with minimal protection Moderate 3-5 Wear sun protective clothing, a hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and seek shady areas High 6-7 Wear sun protective clothing, a hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and seek shady Warrane Mornington areas and stay indoors between 10am Neighbourhood Centre and 2pm (11-3pm daylight saving time) Very High 8-10 Wear sun protective clothing, a hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and seek shady areas but stay indoors as much as possible Extreme 11 or higher Wear sun protective clothing, a hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and seek shady areas but stay indoors as much as possible Check the weather section of the Mercury newspaper for daily UV limits. Source: World Health Organisation protection recommendations for skin cancer prevention. Kev’s Tip: MANURE Types Recycle Potting Soil Sheep – best if it is pulverized Chicken – use only old, can burn plants Horse – can contain seeds etc Potting soil can be expensive, we should not waste it. Adding Cow – probably the best manure and compost to old potting soil will vitalise it for some time. Mixture of above It is best to use pulverised sheep or shredded horse manure. I use a mixture of about 10% manure to 90% potting soil. Well Others rotted compost can also be added. Dynamic Lifter – use as directed If the mixture becomes too heavy, you can add some Perlite or some broken up Polystyrene Foam. Blood & Bone – use as directed REMEMBER – when handling manure make sure you wear gloves. Liquid Seaweed – use as directed10 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 11 HOW?Choosingplantso Plantings, especially trees, need to be considered carefullyo You may not want a fast growing, potentially tall, but short lived tree for example near the house, where it may become a problem in 15-20 years. You may also not want it on the roadside boundary where you may have to organise its removal in the not too distant futureo Low maintenance could simply mean choosing the plant for the proposed location and conditionso Knowledge of the plant, its growth habits and requirements is essential for choosing the right plantso Some plants considerations are: Height, spread, lifespan, dense/sparse. Prefers full sun/dappled shade, high/low water requirements, preferred soil type, pruning requirements, and susceptibility to certain diseaseso A good understanding of the site conditions Lauderdale Primary School garden where the plant is to go is also important. Some site considerations are: North/south facing, slope, amount of shade/ sunlight, drainage, soil type e.g. clay or sandyo Plants in the right place will be happier and P r op a g a ti on / c u tt in g s healthier y ou c a n s – ti ll h a v e yo Plants in good condition are resistant to pests “h ig h m a in ou r te n a n c e ” and diseases p la n ts , ju s t th in k a b w h e r e to ou to Find a friendly nursery that can give advice on p u t th e m th e y a r e so plant selection e a s ie r to m a in ta in .
HOW? Organic recipes for pest control CPAAC member Joan at home o Grubs and caterpillars Dust Caterpillars & slugs with wood ash, fine sand or flour. Soap spray is also effective. o Scale insects Combine a tablespoon of liquid soap with a cup of vegetable oil. Dilute a tablespoon of the mixture with a cup of water. Shake well before spraying on insects. o Aphids, caterpillars, white flies, mealy bugs and scale insects Dissolve 50grams of PURE soap in a litre of hot water. Allow to cool. Shake well and spray on plants affected by these. ( Make sure to use pure soap NOT detergent) o Ants Use eucalyptus oil, tree tea oil or ground cloves along ant trails. o Mites & Powdery Mildew Dusting with sulphur, and wettable sulphur preparations. o Fungal Disease Sprays made from seaweed help reduce fugal disease of leaves and flowers. o Pyrethrum An insecticidal spray made from the dried flower heads of pyrethrum daisy. Is strong and should be used with caution. of a garden D o n ’t h a v e v e Do you ha y o u r o w n ? t in h e lp in g s a n in t e r e c o m m u n it y ? o u t in t h e rane The War n M o r n in g t o o o d c e n t r e N e ig h b o u rh ed garden h a s 8 r a is o p e n is b e d s a n d F r id a y . Monday to a n d h e lp d Drop by la n t in g a n o u t w it h p t h e v e g ie g m a in t a in in patch es! Tino Carnevale at the Warrane Mornington Neighbourhood Centre garden12 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 13 Herbs HOW? H a v e a lo o k at o u r r e c ip es Herbs have been cultivated for thousands of years for both their culinary and medicinal purposes. These fragrant and flavourful many cont – plants still play an important role in every kitchen garden. Even s o m e o f t a in hes wonderful e a tiny plot can provide you with enough herbs to use fresh, herbs tha frozen, or dried. t can grow you an c o o k w it h ! d Herbs are easy to raise, even if you’ve never gardened before. If you have the space, you can plant a formal herb garden that is both attractive and productive. Formal herb gardens use design techniques that are centuries old. Knot gardens, for example, where herbs are grown in a knot-like design, have been popular since medieval times. If you are short on space, however, you can tuck your favourite herbs amid other plantings in your vegetable or flower garden. Many low-growing herbs, such as creeping rosemary and thyme make lovely edging plants for vegetable or flower gardens. Herbs are ideally suited to container growing, and can be placed in an easy to reach spot for cooking. Source: Tasmanian company, Four Seasons Herbs www.fourseasonsherbs.com.au Clarendon Vale School garden Herb Lifespan # Soil type Suitable for pots Asparagus Perennial Light No e herbs com P e r e n n ia l f t e r y e a r Basil Annual Rich Yes# ab a c k y e a r p la n t e d Chamomile Roman Perennial Light Yes eand can b the garden. Chervil Annual Rich Yes d ir e c t ly in Chives Perennial Rich Yes p e r e n n ia ls # T e n d e r o s t t o le r a n t Comfrey Perennial Light/Poor Yes r are not f e for Coriander Annual Rich Yes but can li v iv e n e a r s if g Cumin Annual Rich Yes several y e. r Dill proper ca Annual Rich No Fennel Annual/Perennial Rich No are those # A n n u a ls ic h g r o w , French tarragon Perennial Light Yes p la n t s w h d d ie w it h in Lemonbalm Perennial Light Yes n produce a g season. o n e g r o w in Lemongrass Tender perennial Rich Yes Mint Perennial Light Yes Oregano Perennial Rich Yes Parsley Biennial Rich Yes Rocket Annual Light No Rosemary Perennial Alkaline/light Yes Sage Perennial Alkaline/light Yes Spinach, English Annual Rich No Sweet Marjoram Perennial Light Yes Thyme Perennial Light Yes
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens FREE sustainable gardening talks Talk and learn with the real experts Casual, 1 hour sessions in the garden Topics have included: Bulbs, Horticultural Tools & Equipment, Frost Protection in Winter, Seed Germination, Propogation, Mulch, Transplanting Trees & Shrubs, Tasmanian Natives,resources Sustainable Native Lawn and much more. For information or to book your place, call the main office at the Gardens on 6236 3059 weekdays only ALL SESSIONS ARE FREE BUT BOOKINGS ARE ESSENTIAL Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens Queens Domain, Hobart TAS 700014 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 15Some usefulresourcesThere is a wealth of knowledge out thereabout gardening. You only have to talk to yourneighbours, friends and family to get good tipson their easy care, low maintenance advice.We have included just a small ‘taster’ on otherplaces you can turn to, to increase yourknowledge about gardening, and where togo for resources. Your local garden centre ornursery is always a good place to start!For other ideas... RESOURCESClarence City Council ’Water Wise’ gardening booklet, available atCouncil officeMagazines or website ABC Gardening Australiawww.gardeningaustralia.comBlooming Tasmania Guide www.bloomingtasmania.comor ring 6344 6233Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens – run free sustainable gardening talks, holdcommunity garden classes, website: www.rtbg.tas.gov.au or ring the Managerof Learning and Community Engagement on 6236 3086Some alternatives for raised garden beds: For timber beds - Dovetail Timbers,ring 0429 13 2929 or email email@example.comCorrugated iron raised beds can be purchased at nurseries, contact yournearest nursery to enquire or inspectPlant Species List: http://www.understorey-network.org.au/municipalities/understorey_clarence.pdfGarden Design Template: http://www.yourclimateyourlife.org.uk/docs/garden_template.docCompanion Planting: Sustainable Gardening Australia www.sgaonline.org.auSustainable Gardening Australia presents: The most comprehensive companionplanting chart in the known universe (maybe)
Companion planting Sustainable Gardening Australia presents: The most comprehensive companion planting chart in the known universe (maybe!) www.sgaonline.org.au Plant Good Neighbours How it works Bad Neighbours Apple Nasturtium, Chives Nasturtium climbs tree and is said to repel codling Potatoes moth Apricot Basil, Tansy, Asparagus Basil and tansy are said to repel damaging insects Asparagus Apricot, Basil, Chives, Comfrey, Lovage, Basil and Parsley are said to improve flavour. Onions Garlic, Onions Marjoram, Parsley, Tomatoes and garlic release substances reducing growth. Balm (Lemon) Tomatoes Attracts bees, said to enhance flavour and growth Basil Tomatoes Basil said to repel flies and mosquitoes Beans Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Beetroot, Chives, (climbing) Cauliflower, Corn, Lettuce, Lovage, Majoram, Garlic, Gladiolus, Parsley Onions, Sunflower Beetroot Beans (bush), Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Bad Neighbours roots release substances reducing Beans (Climbing), Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kohl Rabi, Lettuce, growth Tomato Lovage, Marjoram, Onion, Peas, Potato, Spinach, Silverbeet Borage Squash, Strawberries, Tomato Said to deter tomato worm and improve tomato flavour and yield. Said to increase strawberry yield. Brassicas Beans, Beetroot, Carrots, Chamomile, Dill attracts a Cabbage White Butterfly controlling Garlic, Rue, (Incl: Broccoli, Coriander, Cucumber, Dill, Lettuce, Lovage, wasp. Nasturtium disguises and repels aphids. Sage Strawberry Cabbage, Marjoram, Marigold (French), Mint, Nasturtium, repels the Cabbage White Butterfly. Zinnias attract Cauliflower) Pea, Potato, Rosemary, Sage, Tansy, ladybirds, which we love! Bad Neighbours roots Thyme,TomatoZinnias release substances reducing growth Capsicum, Chilli Carrots, Onions, Tomato Carrots Beans, Chives, Coriander, Cucumber, Leeks, Bad Neighbours roots release substances reducing Dill, Celery Lettuce, Lovage, Marjoram, Onion, Pea, Radish, growthresources Rosemary, Sage, Tomato Celery Cabbage, Chives, Dill, Dwarf Beans, Leek, Bad Neighbours roots release substances reducing Carrots, Parsnip, Lovage, Majoram, Onion, Pea, Sage, Spinach, growth Potato Tomato Chamomile Cabbage, Onion Deters flies and mosquitoes. Strengthens neighbouring plants Chives Apples, Cucumbers, Lettuce, Peas Prevents Apple Scab. Said to deter aphids Beans Cucumber Basil, Bens, Borage, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Bad Neighbours roots release substances reducing Potato, Sage, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Corn, Dill Kohl growth Strongly Aromatic Rabi, Lettuce, Lovage, Marjoram, Nasturtium, Herbs Parsnip, Pea, Radish, Sunflower, Tansy Dill Brassicas (Incl: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower) Dill attracts a Cabbage White Butterfly controlling wasp Eggplant Beans, Spinach Garlic Apricot, Cherry, Mulberry, Parsnip, Peach, Pear, Deters aphids, especially from roses and raspberry. Beans, Cabbage, Raspberry, Rosemary, Rose Repels Cabbage White Butterfly Peas, Strawberry Kohl Rabi Beetroot, Onion Beans, Tomato Leek Carrot, Celery, Lovage, Majoram, Onion, Beans, Peas, Parsnip, Strawberry Parsley Lettuce Achillea, Beans, Beetroot, Cabbage, Carrot, Achillea, Coreopsis & Zinnia attract pollinators and Parsley Chervil, Coreopsis, Cucumber, Lovage, offer shade for lettuce Marjoram, Marigold (French), Onion, Parsnip, Pea, Radish, Strawberry, Zinnia Marigolds Numerous vegetables, including tomato Kills root knot nematodes and eel worm (French) Melon Radish, Sweet Corn Mint Cabbage, Tomato Deters pests such as Cabbage White Butterfly, ants and fleas Nasturtium Cabbages, Fruit Trees, Radishes, Zucchini Flowers repel aphids and codling moth. Cabbage white butterfly is attracted to this plant, and will seek it out over cabbages16 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 17Plant Good Neighbours How it works Bad NeighboursOnion Beetroot, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrot, Smell of onion said to deter numerous pestsOnions Asparagus, Beans, Chamomile, Leeks, Lettuce, Lovage, Marjoram, release substances reducing growth of Bad Gladioli, Peas Parsley, Parsnip, Silverbeet, Strawberry, Summer Neighbours Savory, TomatoParsley Asparagus, Sweet Corn, Tomato Said to improve flavour of asparagus and tomatoPeas Beans, Beetroot, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Bad Neighbours roots release substances reducing Chives, Garlic, Carrot, Cauliflower, Celery, Cucumber, Lettuce, growth. Sweet Corn has traditionally been used as Onion, Shallots Lovage, Marjoram, Parsnip, Potato, Radish, “living stakes” for peas Sage, Squash, Sweet CornPotato Beans, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Sweet Alyssum and Marigolds attract beneficials Apple, Celery, Cauliflower, Corn, Eggplant, Horseradish, and suppress weedsPotatoes release substances Cherry, Cucumber, Lovage, Marjoram, Marigold (French), reducing growth of Bad Neighbours. Horseradish Pumpkin, Nasturtium, Parsnip, Peas, Sweet Alyssum, should be planted at the corners of the patch Raspberry, Sweet Corn, Watermelon Rosemary, Squash, Sunflower, TomatoPumpkin Beans, Cabbage, Eggplant, Peas, Radish, Sweet Bad Neighbours roots release substances reducing Potato Corn growthRadish Beans, Carrot, Chervil, Cucumber, Sweet Radish is said to attract leaf miners from Spinach Hyssop Corn, Cucumber, Lettuce, Lovage, Marjoram, Nasturtium, Parsnip, Pea, Spinach, Sweet CornRaspberry Blackberries, Potato, TomatoRosemary Beans, Cabbage, Carrot, Sage Said to deter Cabbage white butterfly. Attracts beneficialsSage Brassicas (Incl: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower), Sage repels the Cabbage White Butterfly Cucumber Carrot, RosemarySilverbeet Beetroot, Cherry, Lavender, Lovage, Marjoram, Basil, Wormwood OnionSpinach Celery, Eggplant, StrawberriesSquash Borage, Lovage, Marjoram, Nasturtium, Peas, Potato Sunflower, Sweet Corn, TansyStrawberry Beans, Borage, Chives, Leek, Lettuce, Marigold Brassicas (Incl: (French), Onion, Pyrethrum, Sage, Spinach Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower), Brussel Sprouts, GarlicSunflower Apricots, Cucumbers, Squash Beans, PotatoSweet Corn Beans, Cucumbers, Lovage, Marjoram, Melon, Sweet Corn has traditionally been used as “living Cabbage Parsnip, Peas, Potato, Pumpkin, Radish, Squash, stakes” for peas. Bad Neighbours roots release Zucchini substances reducing growthTomato Asparagus, Basil, Celery, Borage, Broccoli, Marigolds said to repel white fly and root knot Apricots, Beetroot, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, nematode. Bad Neighbours roots release substances Fennel, Kohl Rabi, Celery, Chives, Dill, Gooseberry, Grape, Hyssop, reducing growth Potato, Rosemary, Lovage, Mariglod (French), Marjoram, Mint, Sweet Corn Nasturtium, Onion, Parsley, Parsnip, TurnipTurnip Cucumbers, Lettuce, Nasturtium, Peas, TomatoWatermelon PotatoYarrow Most aromatic herbs When planted along pathways, is said to enhance essential oil production and herb flavour.Zucchini Lovage, Marjoram, Nasturtium, Sweet Corn
Marie’s Other great Tips: companions Companion Catnip repels fleas, ants and rodents. Caraway helps breakdown heavy soils. Elderberry a general insecticide, the leaves encourage Planting compost fermentation, the flowers and berries make lovely wine! Fennel (not F. vulgare or F.officionale) repels flies, fleas It is great fun when plants really get on well and ants. together. A bit like people one can say, Hyssop attracts cabbage white moth keeping brassicas except, people don’t grow smaller under free from infestation. shade or bigger and dry off in the sun! Mint repels cabbage white moth. Dried and placed with Good companions clothes will repel clothes moth. o Apples like garlic, onions and chives Nasturtium secrete a mustard oil, which many insects o Beans love to be with carrots, find attractive and will seek out, particularly the cabbage cucumbers, cabbage and parsley white moth. Alternatively, the flowers repel aphids and o Beetroot likes to be with cabbages, the cucumber beetle. The climbing variety grown up silver beet and dwarf-beans apple trees will repel codling moth. o Lettuce gets on well with Pyrethrum will repel bugs if grown around the vegetable strawberries, marigolds and carrots garden. Rosemary repels carrot fly.resources Bad companions o Pumpkins don’t like to be near Rue (Rutus, not Peganum) keeps cats and dogs off garden potatoes beds if planted round the borders. o Raspberries don’t like blackberries or Tansy (Tanacetum, not Senecio) repels moths, flies and potatoes nearby ants. Plant beneath peach trees to repel harmful flying o Mint and parsley don’t like to be near insects. Tansy leaves assist compost fermentation. each other. Keep them separated Wormwood (Artemesia, not Ambrosia) although it can o Garlic is not a goog companion for inhibit the growth of plants near it, wormwood does repel beans, peas, or strawberries moths, flies and fleas and keeps animals off the garden.18 How does your garden grow?
How does your garden grow? 19Clarence City CouncilcommunityvolunteerserviceWant to make a big difference in the lives of others? “…A tremen RESOURCESEnjoy light gardening, shopping, chatting with people? dous service, he lping to keep peLike to be recognized, for your, contribution and skills? ople inJust retired - a few hours to spare? their own hLike to work in aged care – need experience? omes…”Need to meet your Centrelink requirements? “ …you allowHave your own vehicle? elderly to age, both with prideLook no more! and happiness…The Clarence Community Volunteer Service aims to give ”the elderly and younger people with a disability somemuch needed support, enabling them to remain in theirown home, as long as possible. “..I am so g rateful forThe personalised assistance offers a diverse range of all you are doing, you are helpingservices, from taking people to appointments, assistingthem with shopping, shopping for them if they are unable me to keep my hto leave the house, phoning or visiting for a friendly chat, ome….”to light gardening.Clarence Community Volunteer Service ‘…I could not be morePO Box 96 Rosny Park TAS 7018 grateful, as for manyPhone 03 6245 8678 years my g arden wasEmail firstname.lastname@example.org passion……..w my .” … a big th ith your hewww.ccc.tas.gov.au ank it lives again lp you for the and it’s a garden pleasure to pebbles, it walk in my is so now flourish greatly app ing garden..” reciated...”
Garden SHED COMPOST design GREENHOUSE WATER TANK Why is good garden design important? It is important for many reasons but it doesn’t have to be hard. It can be as simple as thinking and SHRUBS TREES planning where to put things, designing areas with water wise plants, increase safety and security with lighting, paths, and planting shade borders etc. Gardens that evolve are lovely too – but a bit of PATHS/STONES/PAVERS LIGHTING planning can help you transform your garden into an easy care low maintenance haven. You can free draw your design or use the graph paper provided at the back of this booklet. Below is an example of how you can create your own design online. You will find this website in our resource section on page 15.resources TIP: Photocopy and then cut out shapes to design your garden20 How does your garden grow?