(Quote)- In reality, the description of a homeless person can change DRASTICALLY from person to person.(Living in dirty alley ways)- These are how the homeless are often portrayed through television scene/films.
It was recorded that on any given night 672,000 men, women, and children are homeless, just in the United States alone.People in families with children account for 37% of the total homeless population. This is the FASTEST growing group of homeless people. Non-family individuals account for 63% of the total homeless population.Chronically homeless people account for 29% of individuals and 18% of the total homeless population.
(Emergency Shelters)- People counted in emergency shelters are accounted for 52% of the homeless population.(Generally Sheltered)- 56% of the homeless are living in shelters.(Unsheltered)- 44% are completely unsheltered.(US Residents)- 1.35 million of these people were children.
(Urban Areas)- approximately 77% of homeless were counted in Urban areas.
During the years of 2005 to 2007 the change in homelessness was significantly increased. As population in U.S alone grows extensively homelessness grew as well. However, the homeless population shrinks in urban cities by a greater amount.
Homeless people often suffer major affects, especially children and their learning abilities. Most end up in hospitals from diseases and illness or in jail for stealing and because they would rather be there than on the streets. Most homeless people live in the bigger cities where things are more expensive to make a living. They are also often homeless there for longer periods of time then in the rural cities. Sometimes pushed in that position due to domestic violence.
Graph shows the difference in homeless people across the U.S who live in shelters and who don’t live in shelters.
-The estimation of homeless people across the world is increasing to larger numbers than it is already at. People across the world are dying all the time from living in these conditions.-Some places across the world are finding more homeless people than others.
September 2008, Hurricane Ike happened. (200,000 people left homeless)- 80% on homes were destroyedLeaving many families homeless from the disaster.
Bad earthquake hits Haiti killing over 150,000 people and leaving half of the population homeless from houses being completely destroyed. Haiti President comes up with the “tent idea”. Asking for other countries and areas all over the world to donate tents for these people to live in.
8.8 Earthquake happened this past February 2010 leaving hundreds of thousands of homes useless.
(Unaffordable housing)- is a number one cause in homelessness because of people not being able to afford a place to live in. (Job losses)- also contribute to this cause however, because with no job you can’t pay the bills and rent for a house. With the economy today people are losing their jobs everyday causing them to lose their houses.
As we continue into the recession we are in people are becoming more and more poor. With people entering into poverty ends get hard to meet. Which then leaves them unable to pay for ways of living (housing, education, childcare, healthcare). When it comes to compromising for money a lot of people are eager to give up their house first. The pricing of housing keeps going up so the income of people to go up as well in order to be able to afford it.
Other expenses such as health care also have an effect on the issue of homelessness. People who cannot afford healthcare and get sick cannot get help or treated which will then cause them to miss days of work which may cause a loss in a job if pushed far enough. Then, once one loses their job how would they be able to pay to live in a house. There is a great number of American’s who are not insured and a lot of them are children under the age of 18.
Domestic violence in a relationship often pushes one to have to decide between the abuse or living on the streets. Most surveys test that domestic violence is a key cause to homelessness. A great portion (more than half) of the homeless women living on the streets have experienced with domestic violence at some point during their adult lives.
(Mental Illness)- About 20% of single homeless people suffer from a mental disease. - Income and Housing for these people began to quickly disappear. - Most homeless people w/ mental illnesses… -But this cannot be accessed.
(Transportation)- Broken down cars, not having insurance, over abundance in tickets.TANF- Temporary Assistance for Needy Families- this plus food stamps combined are lower then the poverty level in EVERY state. (Divorce)- Often leaves one of the spouses homeless.
(Child Support)- When one person isn’t paying child support it leads to a decrease in income which can lead to not being able to pay bills, rent, ect. (Low Wages)- Not getting paid enough has put the option of housing out of reach for some. (Roommates)- If a roommate fails to “pull their end” in the deal than one could be left with unaffordable housing costs and be then kicked out. (Tragedy)- Loss of a family member or loved one can cause some people to totally lose their mind making them unstable to be able to keep a job and support themselves.
(Severe Depression)- can make it near impossible for one to maintain a stable life. (Having Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)- is very common with Veterans who were once at war, also people who have spent a time period of their life in violent situations can suffer from this disorder. These things can also make it very hard to maintain a stable life.
In often cases of homelessness people end in these positions because of financial reasons, however, a great deal of homeless people are left that way because of their mental disabilities. Families already struggling to make ends meet and have some sort of illness can create a straight path to homelessness.(Physical Disabilities)- These people might not be able to work to receive an income to be able to pay for housing and such. Some people receive a Social Security Income (SSI) but these people are often thrown from one home to another. (Mental Disabilities)- The people might often can’t get the appropriate help they need so they end up going on the street for people think they are crazy.
-Basically, a homeless person is someone who does not have a permanent place to sleep at night and live in. The two main causes of homelessness are unaffordable housing and the increasing poverty rate. -Both genders can obviously be homeless but it is said that there are most likely to be more homeless men than women.
(Children…)- 42% of these children are under the age of five years old. The homeless population of families continues to grow faster than any other category. Over 23% are families and most of these families are from rural areas.
Here is a break down of the homeless races. Whites taking up the biggest percentage, then blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and “others”.
(Orphans)- Many of the homeless children are orphans from families who either couldn’t keep them or just didn’t want them.(15 million children have lost a parent…)- Leaving them on the street with nowhere to go and nobody to take care of them.(12 million children die before age 5)- a lot of these kids were homeless and died from the sicknesses they got.
(Abuse)- The homeless are often abused with things such as baseball bats, chains, and other weapons. Women are often raped. *Over the past 10 years, there have been more than 600 attacks against the homeless people.(Families)- Mothers often can’t stay with their children because there might not be enough room for the whole family.
(Illnesses)- Being exposed to different elements in unsanitary living conditions cause a lot of illnesses.
(Mental/Emotional)- cause you to feel insecure, shoot down self-esteem, sometimes hallucinate, talk to yourself.(Emotional Breakdowns)- Can lead you to be institutionalized
Sgp power point 1st submission
“Rags to Riches”<br />By:<br />Alicia Sotomayor<br />
Overview<br />Thesis<br />Relevance<br />Statistics/Facts<br />Big in the World<br />Causes of homelessness<br />Homeless Children<br />Effects of Homeless <br />Application<br />What YOU can do to help<br />Work Cited<br />Class Activities<br />
Thesis…<br />Homelessness is a problem that is spreading rapidly and affects many people all across the globe today. It affects the mind, body, emotions, and spirit of a person.<br />
Graduation is around the corner. When we graduate we all want to become successful and make something of ourselves. Nobody wants to be here, so, it’s an important topic to look into to be able to avoid it and recognize it. <br />Personal Relevance <br />
Stereotype? <br />Psychological View of Homelessness<br />“Society historically views the homeless as a class of poverty stricken, unemployed individuals hovering in dirty allies.” (T.A Workman).<br />Traditionally<br />“Shopping cart pushers”<br />Living in dirty alleys <br />Some are families living in cars.<br />Some actually HAVE jobs.<br />http://www.ehow.com/about_4572162_psychological-view-homelessness.html<br />
Basic Statistics<br />Any night 672,000 homeless.<br />Families with children<br />Non-family individuals <br />Chronically homeless<br />http://www.endhomelessness.org/content/general/detail/2500<br />
Basic Statistics Cont’<br />Emergency Shelters<br />Generally Sheltered<br />44% are completely unsheltered.<br />Approximately 3.5 million United States residents (about 1% of the US population) have been homeless for a lengthy amount of time.<br />Single men cover almost 60% of the homeless population. <br />http://jkwart.blogspot.com/2010/03/homeless-statistics-in-us.html<br />https://www.swivel.com/charts/2298-Homeless-in-America<br />
StatisticsGoing Geographically<br />In 2007 <br />Urban areas.<br />Over 60% of homeless population lives in areas of over 1,000,000 people.<br /><ul><li>major cities had a rate of 43 people per 10,000 compared with 29 people per 10,000 for all urban places and 22 people per 10,000 nationally.</li></ul>http://www.endhomelessness.org/section/data<br />
Statistics Going Geographically Cont’.<br /><ul><li>Significant changes happened between the years of 2005-2007
Homeless in urban cities (smaller areas) and the rest of the country decreased by almost 10% (9.4%).</li></li></ul><li>Facts…<br />Studies have shown that the homeless spend more time in hospitals and jail then anywhere else.<br />Children of homeless families have been shown to do worse in school compared to other students and have poor attendance.<br />The larger group of homeless people live in the Central Cities of United States.<br />In Rural Cities, the homeless are smaller and usually there for shorter periods of time.<br />Often family homelessness due to domestic violence.<br />http://www.solutionsforamerica.org/thrivingneigh/homelessness.html<br />
Homelessness Across the U.S.Sheltered-Unsheltered<br />
Going GLOBAL…<br />In 2005 it was estimated that about 100 million people were homeless worldwide.<br />20-40 million alone were from urban areas.<br />Everyday approximately 50,000 people die because of poor shelter, polluted water and sanitation issues.<br />
Big In The World<br />Homeless due to due to Natural Disasters<br />
Going GLOBAL Cont’<br />Cuba<br />Hurricane Ike<br />450,000 homes were seriously damaged<br />200,000 people left homeless (Prime Minister)<br />Approximately 1.25 people across the country remained in shelters from the storm.<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/7619274.stm<br />
Going GLOBAL Cont’<br />Haiti<br />7.0 Earthquake<br />January 2010<br />Approximately 1 million homeless<br />Tents<br />President asks for 200,000 tents after destruction.<br />http://www.corydondemocrat.com/Articlesi-2010-03-23-214518.114125_Hearing_Haitis_story.html<br />http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/01/26/haitis-homeless-plead-tents-quake/<br />
Going GLOBAL Cont’<br />Chile <br />8.8 Earthquake<br />500,000 homes were severely damaged/ destroyed.<br />Uninhabitable living environment<br />Leaving millions of people/families sleeping on the streets<br />http://rochesterhomepage.net/content/fulltext/?cid=159031<br />
How Did We Get Here?...<br />Major cause of homelessness in the US is unaffordable housing. <br />Job loss<br />Since we began this recession six million jobs have been lost.<br />In late 2009, the unemployment rate was at 9.4%<br /><ul><li>Congress plans to raise minimum wage to $9.50 by 2010.</li></ul>Foreclosure<br />Increases the number of people in the homeless category.<br />Between 2008 and 2009 reporters found about a 32% jump in the number of foreclosures.<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
…How Did We GetHereCont’<br />Poverty<br />Poor people not able to make ends meet.<br />Unable to pay for ways of living.<br />Poverty rate around 13% (37,300,000 million people) of U.S population. <br />Housing<br />Not a lot of affordable housing anymore.<br />As of 2009 a person would need to earn $14.97 to afford a one bed room apartment and $17.89 for a two-bedroom apartment. <br />From 2000-2009 there has been a 41% increase in fair market rent for a two-bedroom unit. <br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
Other Causes of Homelessness<br />Health Care<br />Unaffordable healthcare.<br />Untreated sicknesses.<br />Missing days of work.<br />Loss of job.<br />One in three Americans (86.7 million people) are uninsured. <br />30.7% are under 18 years old. <br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
Other Causesof Homelessness Cont’ 1.<br />Domestic Violence<br />Often times, abused women who are homeless were forced to chose between homelessness or abusive relationships<br />50% of cities surveyed (by the U.S Conference of Mayors) proclaimed domestic to be one of the primary cause of homelessness.<br />Approximately 63% of the homeless women population have dealt with domestic violence in their adult lives.<br />
Other Causes of Homelessness Cont’ 2.<br />Mental Illness<br />20% of single homeless people<br />Incomes and Housing<br />most homeless people with mental illness do not need to be institutionalized, but can live in the community with the appropriate supportive housing options.<br />Addiction Disorders<br />Complex & Controversial <br />People who are poor and addicted to drugs and/or alcohol.<br />NOT just addicted.<br />Once you’re addicted and homeless it’s hard to get a place.<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
What Else Contributesto Homelessness Cont’ 3<br />Illnesses <br />Families already struggling to make ends meet…<br />Begins with a loss of job<br />No money to pay for care<br />Eviction<br />Disabilities <br />Physically <br />Mentally <br />
Who is homeless?<br />Definition-<br />a person is considered homeless who "lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence;<br />Demographically <br />Two groups<br />A growing rate of the unaffordable renting houses.<br />Increase in poverty.<br />Gender<br />More homeless single men than women.<br />67.5% of 76% singles who are homeless are male.<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/who.html<br />
Who Is Homeless? Cont’<br />Age<br />Children (under 18 years of age) are accounted for over 39% of the homeless population. <br />About 25% of the homeless population are ages 25-34.<br />About 6% are elders of age 55-64.<br />Families<br />Homeless population with families keeps expanding.<br />
Does race count?<br />(39.6%)<br />(40.6%)<br />(7.9%)<br />(10.9%)<br />(1.0%)<br />
One in 50 American Children ARE Homeless<br />
Homeless Children…<br />Orphans. (Compassion) <br />Approximately 15 million children have lost a parent, or both to AIDS… (Compassion)<br />12 Million children die before age 5… (WomenAID Children of the World Initiative)<br />100 Million children are homeless, living on the streets…<br />250,000 Children die every week from diseases and malnutrition… most often from being left on the streets<br />
Effects of Homelessness…<br />Open for abuse<br />(National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty).<br />Families torn apart<br />Boys aren’t accepted as easily<br />Mothers often can’t stay with their children<br />http://money.howstuffworks.com/homeless4.htm<br />
How Can YOU Help?<br />GET INVOLVED!<br />Donate clothes, money, etc.<br />Work at a shelter<br />Help build/fix up houses or shelters<br />Use YOUR skills<br />Job training<br />Share your hobbies/skills<br />Guide the children<br />GET OTHERS INVOLVED!<br />
Tips For Preventing Homelessness…<br />Finish school<br />Go to College<br />Get a degree<br />Associates- $47,000 yr.<br />Battlers- $67,000 yr.<br />Masters- $82,000 yr. <br />Doc- $115,377 yr.<br />Pro- $130,337 yr<br />Stay out of debt<br />Budget money<br />
Conclusion<br />Nobody wants to be in these positions. So, go and further your education and get good jobs/careers that you can count on. Be responsible, think before you act, and be careful.<br />
Work Cited Cont’<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />http://www.homelessresourcenetwork.org/causes.html<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/who.html<br />http://money.howstuffworks.com/homeless4.htm<br />http://www.ehow.com/about_4572162_psychological-view-homelessness.html<br />Gardner, Chris. The Pursuit of Happyness. New York: Amistad, HarperCollins Publishers, 2006 <br />Hodnicki, Donna R. “Homelessness: Health-Care Implications.” Journal of Community Health Nursing 7.2 (1990): 59-67. JSTOR. <br />Nichelason, Margery G. Homeless or Hopeless? Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1994 <br />