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Choosing your narrative voice

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Do you want readers to trust your narrator? Do you want to trick them? Do you want them to know everything about one character, or a little about everyone? (And do you know what the differences will achieve?)

Alternatively, do you want to know why - as a reader - you react the way you do to certain narrative styles?

This talk will guide you through the technique theories of relative distance, narrative levels, focalization, character privilege, and diegesis. It will look at how to deliberately cause a specific reaction in your audience, and help you make an informed decision as to which narrative voice best suits your story.

Published in: Education
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Choosing your narrative voice

  1. 1. Whose Line Is It Anyway? AC Macklin Narrative techniques & their effect on your audience
  2. 2. Getting the reaction you want 1. Narrative structure 2. Level of emotional engagement 3. Level of self awareness 4. Level of deceit
  3. 3. Who’s your narrator? narrator protagonisthero
  4. 4. Sherlock Holmes narrator hero protagonist
  5. 5. Serenity narrator hero protagonist
  6. 6. What type of narrator? 1. First person 2. Second person 3. Third person 4. Omniscient Dramatized narrator Reflector narrator Observer/frame narrator Self-conscious narrator Implied author Undramatized author
  7. 7. Look who’s talking 1. First person 2. Third person 3. Omniscient Dramatized narrator Reflector narrator Observer/frame narrator Self-conscious narrator Implied author Undramatized author
  8. 8. Frame narratives Captain Walton Victor Frankenstein Monster heterodiegetic homodiegetic
  9. 9. Diegesis 1st/3rd person narrator homodiegetic heterodiegetic autodiegetic intradiegetic extradiegetic
  10. 10. Look who’s talking 2 heterodiegetic homodiegetic intradiegetic autodiegetic extradiegetic
  11. 11. Narrative levels author narrator focalizer characters implied spectator implied reader audience text story fabula
  12. 12. CS Lewis’ The Screwtape Letters audienceimplied readerimplied authorauthor
  13. 13. Disney’s Robin Hood audienceimplied author / self conscious extradiegetic narrator self conscious intradiegetic narrator & focalizer unconscious focalizer & hero
  14. 14. Privilege author narrator focalizer characters audience privilege bias
  15. 15. Authorial (un)reliability 1. Changeable structure 2. Amnesiac 3. Naïve 4. Misled 5. Blinkered 6. Delusional 7. In denial 8. Speaking with an agenda 9. Lying
  16. 16. Twist it
  17. 17. Postmodern unreliabilitydisframed antimimetic
  18. 18. Narrative complicity
  19. 19. Relative distance narrator characters audienceauthor
  20. 20. Getting the reaction you want 1. Narrative structure 2. Level of emotional engagement 3. Level of self awareness 4. Level of deceit Frame narration Epistolary structure Unreliable structure Diegetic level Narrative level Relative distance Self-consciousness Narrative complicity Authorial reliability Privilege and bias Plot twist/reveal
  21. 21. Thank you! www.everwalker.wordpress.com Mieke Ball Wayne Booth Joseph Campbell Gerard Genette Nathaniel Hawthorne Orson Scott Card

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