Approaches and methods in language teaching

11,307 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
2 Comments
10 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
11,307
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
378
Comments
2
Likes
10
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Approaches and methods in language teaching

  1. 1. INLANGUAGE TEACHING
  2. 2. Why do we study approaches? Provide with a view of how the field of language teaching has evolved-developed. As a source of well-used practices (adapt and implement) Basic teaching skills are learned and teaching experience is developed
  3. 3. Approach Theories about the nature of language and language learning that serve as the source of practices and principles in language teaching. Theoretical principles Basic features of linguistic organization and language use
  4. 4. Three basic theoretical views of language Structural view -phonological units: phonemes -grammatical units: clauses, phrases, sentences -grammatical operations : adding, shifting Functional view; ESP – learner needs Interactional view; vehicle of realization and interpersonal relations
  5. 5. Approach to lead a method Design – the level of method analysis – p.33a. Objectives of a method : vocabulary, grammar, speaking, listening, cultureb. Syllabus model the method incorporatesc. Types of learning and teaching activitiesd. Learner rolese. Teacher rolesf. Role of instructional materials
  6. 6. Approach to lead a method Procedure : classroom techniques, practices and behaviors observed when the method is used- Resources in terms of time, space and equipment used by the teacher- Interactional patterns observed in lessons- Tactics and strategies used by teachers and learners
  7. 7. Approaches and Methods Is there anything worth in this technique? How can I adopt this technique to my own circumstances? What are the other ways I can put this principle into practice?
  8. 8. Major trends in 20th century language teaching Oral approach and situational language teaching- British structuralism-1950,1960 EFL, ESL textbooks (Streamline English)-role of vocabulary-spoken language-situational language-reading and writing - after sufficient grammatical and lexical basis
  9. 9. Major trends in 20th century language teaching The audio-lingual method- American structural linguistic- Aural and oral training- Native speaker listening- Culture
  10. 10. Audio-lingual Method (ALM) Observation of the method in practice (VIDEO) While watching 1. Think of the ways the method applied 2. Some things I can apply to my circumstances 3. Take notes
  11. 11. Audio-lingual Method (ALM) Approach  structuralism + behaviourism Design  dialogues & drills (pattern practice) Procedure  main focus = accurate oral performance  Never translate  Hear, speak, read, write  Immediate error correction
  12. 12. Audio-Lingual Method (ALM) Teacher – as a model Language learning is a process of habit formation It is important for teachers to prevent student errors since errors can lead to the formation of bad habits Students should over learn the patterns of the target language – automaticity Positive reinforcement helps students to develop correct habits (good, very good) Written form comes after the speaking process
  13. 13. Audio-lingual Method (ALM) Is there anything worth in this technique? How can I adopt this technique to my own circumstances? What are the other ways I can put this principle into practice?
  14. 14. Alternative approaches and methods Total Physical Response The silent way Suggestopedia Multiple intelligences The lexical approach Competency-based language teaching
  15. 15. Suggestopedia (video) While watching 1. Think of the ways the method applied 2. Some things I can apply to my circumstances 3. Take notes
  16. 16. Suggestopedia Learning is facilitated in a pleasant, comfortable environment (music, posters and etc.) The more confident the students feel, the better they will learn ( teacher’s relaxing way of speaking gives a message that the class will be relaxing, imagination) Communication takes place on two planes1. The linguistic message encoded2. The environment which completes this message (music, teacher’s actions) The means of activating the material should be varied and playful ( dramatization, fantasy reduces barriers to learning, game and creative atmosphere)
  17. 17. Suggestopedia Is there anything worth in this technique? How can I adopt this technique to my own circumstances? What are the other ways I can put this principle into practice?

×