Muslim Contributions in Mathematics

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Complete History of Muslim Mathematicians.

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Muslim Contributions in Mathematics

  1. 1.  In Khwarizmis words"...what is easiest and most useful in arithmetic, such as men constantly require in cases of inheritance, legacies, partition, lawsuits, and trade, and in all their dealings with one another, or where the measuring of lands, the digging of canals, geometrical computations, and other objects of various sorts and kinds are concerned..."
  2. 2. • The Muslims invented the symbol for zero (The word "cipher" comes from Arabic ‫)صفر‬ • And they organized the numbers into the decimal system - base 10• Additionally, they invented the symbol toexpress an unknown quantity, i.e. variables like x
  3. 3. Al-BattaniAl-KindiAl-Tusi Omer Al-Khwarizimi Khayyam
  4. 4. Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (780 A.D-840),Khwarzim Mathematician Astronomer Geographer
  5. 5. The word "algebra"comes from "Al-Jabr”,which is taken from thetitle of Khwarizmisbook “Hisab Al-Jabr wal Muqabala”
  6. 6. In this book Khwarizmi explained that the unknowns in oneside of the equation is called al-Jabr and collecting the knowns in the other side of the equation is called al- Mukabalah Manuscript copy of Hisab Al-Jabr wal Muqabala
  7. 7. Al-Khwarizmialso introduced the Arabic numerals
  8. 8.  Mathematician Islamic Philosopher Astrologer Astronomer Physicist Chemist
  9. 9. Al-Kindi wrote four volumes on the number system“Ketab fi Isti’malal-’Adad al-Hindi” and laid the foundation of a large part ofmodern arithmetic
  10. 10.  Astronomer Mathematician Astrologer
  11. 11. Al-Batani introducedtrig0nometric ratios
  12. 12.  Mathematician Astronomer Philosopher Poet
  13. 13. This book is amaster- piece onalgebra and hasgreat importance in thedevelopment of algebra
  14. 14.  He offered geometric solutions of cubic equations and partialgeometric solutions of the other equations
  15. 15.  Astronomer Mathematician Philosopher Physicist Chemist
  16. 16.  In his book al-Tusi made enormous advances in plane and spherical trigonometry
  17. 17.  The well-known sine law is also stated in this work: a/sin A = b/sin B = c/sin C
  18. 18.  Thabit bin Qurra (836–901), Abu Kamil (about 850–930) Ibrahim ibn Sinan (908–946) Muhammad Abul Wafa (940–998), Khurasan
  19. 19.  Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn al-Husayn al-Karaji (953–1029) Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Muadh Al-Jayyani (989–1079), Andalusia Ghiyath al-Din al-Kashi (1393–1449)

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