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ALI Centralization and Decentralization.pptx

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ALI Centralization and Decentralization.pptx

  1. 1. Centralization & De-centralization
  2. 2. Content Introduction Definition Centralization Favor of Centralization Disfavor of Centralization Decentralization Favor of Decentralization Disfavor of Decentralization
  3. 3. Decentralized approach Bottom-to-top approach Centralized approach Top-to-bottom approach Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
  4. 4. Admin. Officer Senior Manager Finance Executive Asst. Manager Executive Director Oper- ations Manager Finance Manager Centralization means reservation of authority at central point within the organization. In centralization, control and decision-making reside at the top levels of management
  5. 5. 1. Reduced cost : 2. uniformity in action: 3. Personal leadership: 4.Facility: 5. Improved quality of work: 6.Availability of information: 7. Make a good relationship:
  6. 6. 1. Delay in information management: . 2.Remot control: 3.No loyalty:
  7. 7. 4.No special attention: In centralization no special attention is given to special work as all works are done at one place. 5.Frustration: Centralization leads to frustration because of too rigid central control. 6. Expectation: Many poor users can not be able to read their expected books. 7.Interest: Many users lose their interest in reading books because of they have to come the specific place first then they can collect their information.
  8. 8. Firms that grant substantial decision making authority to the managers of subunits are referred to as decentralized organizations Most firms are neither totally centralized nor totally decentralized
  9. 9. 1. Reduces the burden on the top executives: Decentralization relieves the top executives of the burden of performing various information management functions. 2.Facilitates diversification: Under decentralization, the diversification of information management activities is facilitated. 3.Pressure of work: Decentralization of information institution helps to reduce the working pressure because it has many centers. 4.Proper management: Decentralizing of information institution helps to make the proper management of information. 5.Root level: Rural users also able to read their expected books.
  10. 10. Uniform policies not followed: Under decentralization , it is not possible to follow uniform policies and standardized procedures. Problem of co-ordination: Decentralization of information institution creates problems of co-ordination of information management. More financial burden: It involves more financial burden and a small information institution can not afford to do this. Required Qualified personnel: Decentralization of information management becomes useless when there is no qualified and competent personnel.

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