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PPP (Point to Point Protocol)

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In this presentation I tried to cover three topics
Intro to PPP
Frame Structure
Encapsulation and Establishment of PPP

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PPP (Point to Point Protocol)

  1. 1. Syed Ali Jafar Zaidi
  2. 2. • It is a protocol of data link layer. • PPP is used to established a direct connection between two nodes. • It provides connection authentication transcription and compression • PPP is use over many types of physical networks including serial cable and phone cable.
  3. 3.  PPP goes through four distinct phases to provide communications over point-to- point links 1. Link establishment & configuration negotiation 2. Link quality determination 3. Network-layer protocol configuration negotiation 4. Link termination
  4. 4.  Flag - Set to 0x7E (bit sequence 011111110) to signify the start and end of a PPP frame. In successive PPP frames only a single Flag character is used.  Address - In HDLC environments, the Address field is used to address the frame to the destination node. On a point-to-point link, the destination node does not need to be addressed. Therefore, for PPP, the Address field is set to 0xFF, the broadcast address. If both PPP peers agree to perform address and control field compression during LCP negotiation, the
  5. 5.  Address field is not included.  Control - In HDLC environments, the Control field is used for data-link layer sequencing and acknowledgments. PPP does not provided link-to-link reliable data transfer. Therefore, for all PPP frames, the Control field is set to 0x03 to indicate an unnumbered information (UI) frame. If both PPP peers agree to perform address and control field compression during LCP negotiation, the Control field is not included.  Protocol ID - The 2-byte Protocol ID field identifies the protocol of the PPP payload. If both PPP peers agree to perform protocol field compression during LCP negotiation, the Protocol ID field is one byte for Protocol IDs in the range 0x00-00 to 0x00-FF.
  6. 6. Frame Check Sequence (FCS) - A 16-bit checksum that is used to check for bit level errors in the PPP frame. If the receiver's calculation of the FCS does not match the FCS in the PPP frame, the PPP frame is silently discarded.
  • HeenaTariq

    May. 10, 2020
  • MominaIdrees

    Nov. 29, 2016
  • AliJafar4

    Nov. 5, 2015

In this presentation I tried to cover three topics Intro to PPP Frame Structure Encapsulation and Establishment of PPP

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