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Speed control of induction motor using vf ds

By the help of this presentation anyone can easily understand the concept of VFD

Speed control of induction motor using vf ds

  1. 1. (Speed Control of Induction Motors Using VFDs) Ali Hassan (Electrical Department)
  2. 2. List of Contents ● VFD ● Main Components of VFD ● VFDs used in SML Bhone(Boilers) ● How Energy is saved using VFD ● Advantages ● Drawbacks
  3. 3. VFD ➢ A Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) is used to control the speed of the induction motor, through changing the input frequency and voltage.
  4. 4. Normally, Motor designed speed formula is frequency x 120 Example: ➢ 4-pole motor at different frequencies ➢ 50 hertz x 120 / 4 = 1500 rpm ➢ 40 hertz x 120 / 4 = 1200 rpm no. of poles Speed =
  5. 5. Main Components of VFD ➢ Rectifier ➢ DC Bus ➢ Inverter
  6. 6. HOW SPEED IS CONTROLLED USING VFD? Rectifier ➢ The rectifier in a VFD is used to convert incoming A.C power into D.C ➢ One rectifier diode will allow power to pass through only when the voltage is positive. ➢ A second rectifier diode will allow power to pass through only when the voltage is negative.
  7. 7. DC Bus The DC bus contains capacitors and inductors, it accepts power from the rectifier and absorbs the ac ripple and delivers a smooth DC voltage.
  8. 8. Inverter The inverter contains IGBT that invert DC power into AC and deliver it to the motor. The IGBT can switch on and off several thousand times per second and precisely control the power delivered to the motor. The IGBT uses “pulse width modulation” technique (PWM) to simulate a voltage sine wave at the desired frequency to the motor.
  9. 9. VFD Control Circuit
  10. 10. VFDs used in SML Bhone(Boilers) VFDs used in Boilers at ID, FD motors and bagasse feeders.
  11. 11. How Energy is Saved Using VFD ➢ VFD consuming only the power that’s needed. ➢ As a result, a large amount of energy is saved. ➢ Energy savings vary from 25 to 30 percent. ➢ Resulting in a return on investment of six months to two years.
  12. 12. Advantages ➢ Provides the most efficient means of motor speed control ➢ Reduces the thermal and mechanical stresses on the motor ➢ Improved efficiency of motor ➢ Smooth starting ➢ Increase power factor ➢ Control process variables such as flow
  13. 13. Drawbacks ➢ Initial cost of installing VFDs can be expensive ➢ VFDs can produce harmonic distortion ➢ Special shielded cable is used
  14. 14. THANKS

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