Agustín Bravo, Francesca Costamagna and Lucia Frias
● He was the son of Alexander III, and he assumed to power after his death, in a context of tension
● He ruled from 1894 to 1917. He was executed in 1918 with all his family.
● He was from the royal Romanov dynasty that had ruled in the country nearly 300 years.
● He married his cousin, the German Princess, Alexandra. She was a strong willed deeply religious
woman, who had a strong influence over the tsar.
● They had a very happy marriage with five children, four daughters, and last a son, Alexis. He suffered
an untreatable disease, haemophilia.
● Nikolay Aleksandrovich Romanov, was born in Pushkin, Russia in 1868. Russian
● Had no interest in politics and economy.
● His reign was not an easy one, as he had to deal with a lot of pressure, and
many difficulties to satisfy everybody.
● “Reaction and Revolutionary”
● Devoted, serene and timid man. Always prefered to communicate in private
● Lacked from initiative and courage. He did not really know how to command
people or how to be tough.
● He ended up following the advice of Rasputin, a spiritualist who obtained great
power and was able to manipulate Nicholas.
● He was the last tsar in Russia.
“I shall maintain the principle of autocracy just as firmly as did my unforgettable
father.” Announced Nicholas II, when becoming a tsar.
Nicholas believed that the reforms that his grandfather introduced (emancipation of
the servs), were not that effective.
He was also a very realistic person. Before being crowned, he was able to
recognise how problematic Russia was, and the fact that he was not really capable
of ruling such a large and troubled nation.
He was not a real natural leader, but at least he knew it and was not that bad.
He was also very polite and well educated, but he was not very direct with people.
“The daily work of a ruler he found terribly boring. He could not stand
listening long or seriously to minister’s reports, or reading reports. He liked
those ministers as could tell an amusing story and did not weary him too
- Written by Alexander Kerensky, a member of the Russian parliament before
the revolution in 1917 in his memories.
“ What is going to happen to me, to all Russia? I
am not prepared to be the Tsar. I never wanted
to become one. I know nothing of the business of
An extract from Nichola’s diary written in 1894.