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‫ﻧﻈﺮﯾﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ،‬

‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ و‬

‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬
‫:‬
‫29 –‬

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‫ﺳﭙﺎﺱ‬
ﻧﻈﺮﯾﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ،‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ و‬ ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬
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ﻧﻈﺮﯾﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ،‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ و‬ ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬

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ارائه درس پردازش زبان طبیعی

تاریخ ارائه: 26 آذرماه 1392
ارائه دهنده: علی چلمقانی
ali[dot]cholmaghani[at]gmail.com
استاد ناظر: دکتر بهرام وزیرنژاد
محل ارائه: آزمایشگاه پردازش زبان طبیعی مرکز زبان‌ها و زبان‌شناسی دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

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ﻧﻈﺮﯾﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ،‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ و‬ ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬

  1. 1. ‫ﻧﻈﺮﯾﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ،‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ و‬ ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬ ‫:‬ ‫29 –‬ ‫(' & % $ #"‬
  2. 2. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬
  3. 3. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬ ‫$#"‬ ‫% ('&‬ ‫"‬ ‫) $#"‬ ‫, + '*‬ ‫. #-‬ ‫3591‬
  4. 4. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬ ‫432‬
  5. 5. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬ ‫432‬ ‫#6 5‬ ‫72‬
  6. 6. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬ ‫432‬ ‫#6 5‬ ‫72‬ ‫( /&‬ ‫( /&2 . ' 3‬ ‫( /&2 . ' 32 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫( /&2 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫. #- 5 *‬ ‫2 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫2‬
  7. 7. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬ ‫432‬ ‫#6 5‬ ‫72‬ ‫7 2 . #*‬ ‫6 )0931(‬ ‫( /&‬ ‫( /&2 . ' 3‬ ‫( /&2 . ' 32 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫( /&2 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫. #- 5 *‬ ‫2 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫2‬
  8. 8. ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﯿﻢ و ﺗﻌﺎﺭﯾﻒ‬ ‫ #, %+ * )%'‬‫1 1 * 0 #/.‬ ‫432‬ ‫#6 5‬ ‫72‬ ‫$ # "‬ ‫7 2 . #*‬ ‫6 )0931(‬ ‫!‬ ‫( /&‬ ‫( /&2 . ' 3‬ ‫( /&2 . ' 32 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫( /&2 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫. #- 5 *‬ ‫2 . #- 1 0 4 (‬ ‫2‬
  9. 9. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬
  10. 10. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫* 0+8‬ ‫* 0+‬
  11. 11. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫* 0+8‬ ‫* 0+‬ ‫0+8‬ ‫)9‬ ‫) > 5 = <;(‬ ‫%‪A‬‬ ‫@‬ ‫567‬
  12. 12. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫* 0+8‬ ‫* 0+‬ ‫0+8‬ ‫)9‬ ‫)9‬ ‫567‬ ‫%‪A‬‬ ‫) > 5 = <;(‬ ‫) > 5 =‬ ‫<;( *‬ ‫* ‪= D( B‬‬ ‫*‪# C‬‬ ‫@‬ ‫1%+‬ ‫567‬ ‫@ ‪=B‬‬
  13. 13. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +0 * 765 @ A% =B @ +%1 (;< = 5 > ) # C* * (;< 8+0 * 9) 8+0 9) = 5 > ) = D( B * A% 1= 6# = BL 27 E /(0 * 9 1 F 3 E /(0 * (1385 G EM = #* R# 765 9 ) +5+1 6# = B27 F+ A1 , ( =« » * 3 M N* O
  14. 14. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +0 * 765 @ A% =B @ +%1 (;< = 5 > ) # C* * (;< 8+0 * 9) 8+0 9) = 5 > ) = D( B * A% 1= 6# = BL 27 E /(0 * 9 1 F 3 E /(0 * (1385 G EM = #* R# 765 9 ) +5+1 6# = B27 F+ A1 , ( =« » * 3 M N* O 2S ># 3 +- 1 )
  15. 15. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬
  16. 16. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫'‪B‬‬ ‫1‪+%T‬‬
  17. 17. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ <Verb-plus-Valency> </Verb-plus-Valency> +%T1 B'
  18. 18. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> </Verb> </Verb-plus-Valency> +%T1 B'
  19. 19. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> </Verb-plus-Valency> +%T1 B'
  20. 20. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +%T1 <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Nonverbal-element> .* </Nonverbal-element> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> </Verb-plus-Valency> B'
  21. 21. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +%T1 <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Past-light-verb> ( <Nonverbal-element> </Past-light-verb> .* </Nonverbal-element> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> </Verb-plus-Valency> B'
  22. 22. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +%T1 <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Past-light-verb> ( </Past-light-verb> <Present-light-verb> </Present-light-verb> <Nonverbal-element> .* </Nonverbal-element> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> </Verb-plus-Valency> B'
  23. 23. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +%T1 <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Past-light-verb> ( <Present-light-verb> </Past-light-verb> </Present-light-verb> <Prefix>-</Prefix> <Nonverbal-element> .* </Nonverbal-element> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> </Verb-plus-Valency> B'
  24. 24. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +%T1 <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Past-light-verb> ( <Present-light-verb> </Past-light-verb> </Present-light-verb> <Prefix>-</Prefix> <Nonverbal-element> .* </Nonverbal-element> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> [ <Valency> </Verb-plus-Valency> | ](B .),[-/+ ]<., ( </Valency> B'
  25. 25. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ +%T1 <Verb-plus-Valency> <Verb> <Past-light-verb> ( <Present-light-verb> </Past-light-verb> </Present-light-verb> <Prefix>-</Prefix> <Nonverbal-element> .* </Nonverbal-element> <Preposition> </Preposition> </Verb> [ | ](B .),[-/+ ]<., ( </Valency> <Valency>[- D E.+ . C 7 ](* ),[+ ]<., (</Valency> <Valency> </Verb-plus-Valency> B'
  26. 26. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫'‪B‬‬ ‫‪B 1U‬‬
  27. 27. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫'‪B‬‬ ‫‪B 1U‬‬ ‫٢٨٢۴‬ ‫٩٢۴۵‬ ‫٨۶٢/١‬ ‫۵‬
  28. 28. ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫'‪B‬‬ ‫‪B 1U‬‬ ‫٢٨٢۴‬ ‫٩٢۴۵‬ ‫٨۶٢/١‬ ‫۵‬ ‫)/‬ ‫7‪+X%)5 Y‬‬ ‫3 ‪2 3 4WB‬‬ ‫‪V‬‬
  29. 29. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬
  30. 30. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ ‫1 3‬ ‫@‬ ‫‪'%) * =+T‬‬
  31. 31. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ ‫1 3 @ ‪'%) * =+T‬‬ ‫%‪A‬‬ ‫1 ‪+1 %1 Z‬‬
  32. 32. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ '%) * =+T @ 3 1 A% +1 %1 Z 1 D1 = V 7 7 = B [<X1 G % [ [<X1 ; V )#+ $ /% [< 5 [] 1 G / +%1 3UZ 1 = ^ O >$+ = @0 [< 5 2 34WB3
  33. 33. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ ‫‪+S‬‬
  34. 34. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) *
  35. 35. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y *
  36. 36. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  37. 37. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  38. 38. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  39. 39. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  40. 40. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  41. 41. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  42. 42. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  43. 43. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  44. 44. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) *
  45. 45. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) *
  46. 46. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) *
  47. 47. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) *
  48. 48. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) *
  49. 49. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) * 2A& = B %) *
  50. 50. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) * 2A& = B %) *
  51. 51. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) * 2A& = B %) *
  52. 52. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) * 2A& = B %) *
  53. 53. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ +S (` 3 = ) (« »G«a%AV» =C *27 = B V_#* + G 5* G $ GE/$ «> %AV») C * V ) * '%) * Y * ` 3 = B %) * a = B %) * 2A& = B %) *
  54. 54. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ ‫3 *‬ ‫@‬ ‫*‪B C‬‬ ‫" !‬ ‫)( ' &‬ ‫١٨٠،٨٩۴‬ ‫%$#‬ ‫١۶/۶١‬ ‫!‬ ‫٨١۶،٧٣‬ ‫'!‬ ‫۴۶٠،٢٢‬
  55. 55. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬ ‫3 *‬ ‫* ‪'%) * Y‬‬ ‫@‬
  56. 56. ‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮﻩ ﻧﺤﻮی وﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ‬
  57. 57. ‫ﺳﭙﺎﺱ‬

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