Relative Clause Relative clauses are a special class of dependent clause (also called "subordinateclause") that serve to modify a noun. In English, as in most other Indo-European languages, relative clauses are often introduced bya relative pronoun one of the wh- words "who", "whom", "whose", "what", or "which", or by that. Reduced relative clauses, on the other hand, have no relative pronoun introducing them. The example below contrasts an English non- reduced relative clause and reduced relative clause.
Relative ClauseRelative clause: The man who/that I saw was big. Subject of Predicate of Relative clause main clause main clauseReduced relative The man I saw was big.clause: Subject of Reduced relative Predicate of main clause clause main clause
Reduced Relative Clause A reduced relative clause is a relative clause that is not marked by an overt complementizer (such as that). Reduced relative clauses often give rise toambiguity or garden path effects, and have been a common topicof psycholinguistic study, especially in the field of sentence processing.
Reduced Relative Clause• Reader can interpret it in two different ways: as a main verb, or the first verb of a reduced relative clause. "the florist sent the flowers to the elderly widow“(in which "sent" is the main verb) "the florist "the florist [who was] sent the flowers was sent..." very pleased" (in which "sent" is the beginning of a reduced relative clause) effect whereby a reader begins a sentence garden path effect with one interpretation, and later is forced to backtrack and re-analyze the sentences structure
Reduced Relative Passive Clause John kicked the ball the ball was kicked reduced object relative passive clause (so called because the noun being modified is thedirect object of the relative clause, and the relativeclause is in passive voice) The horse raced past the barn fell.
Reduced Relative Clause• While reduced relative clauses are not the only structures that create garden path sentences in English (other forms of garden path sentences include those caused by lexical ambiguity, or words that can have more than one meaning), they are the "classic" example of garden path sentences.