English.21 may 2012


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  • Pedro L. talavera. IES. Francisco Rodríguez Marín. Osuna
  • Pedro L. talavera. IES. Francisco Rodríguez Marín. Osuna
  • English.21 may 2012

    2. 2. AFFIRMATIVE FORM THERE IS + SINGULAR NOUN There is a boy THERE ARE + PLURAL NOUN There are three boys a / an + countable noun There is a carThere is + some + uncountable noun There is some water Alfin_Belly_Wijaya 2
    3. 3. There is a pencil There is some milk Alfin_Belly_Wijaya 3
    4. 4. EXAMPLES OF UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS• Materials: wood, iron, glass, paper ...• Fluids: water, petrol, milk, coffee ...• Food: butter, bread, cake, sugar, rice ...• Abstractions: time, beauty, hope,faith .... Alfin_Belly_Wijaya 4
    5. 5. • There are + some + plural noun There are some booksAlso,• There are + cardinal number +plural noun There are four books• There are + many + plural noun There are many books Alfin_Belly_Wijaya 5
    6. 6. NEGATIVE FORMTHERE IS NOT + SINGULAR NOUNTHERE ISN’T There isn’t a boyTHERE ARE NOT + PLURAL NOUNTHERE AREN’T There aren’t two boys Alfin_Belly_Wijaya 6
    7. 7. a / an + countable singular noun There isn’t + any + uncountable noun much + uncountable nounThere isn’t a pencil There isn’t any milkThere isn’t much money Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 7
    8. 8. • There aren’t + any + plural noun There aren’t any booksAlso,• There aren’t + cardinal number + plural noun There aren’t four books• There aren’t + many + plural noun There aren’t many books Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 8
    9. 9. INTERROGATIVE FORM IS THERE + SINGULAR NOUN ... + ? Is there a girl? Yes, there is ARE THERE + PLURAL NOUN ... + ? Are there two boys?Short answers No, there aren’tYes, there is Yes, there areNo, there isn’t No, there aren’t Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 9
    10. 10. a / an + countable singular nounIs there + any + uncountable noun ... ? much + uncountable noun Is there a banana ? Yes, there is Is there any food on the dish? Yes, there is Is there much money? No, there isn’t Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 10
    11. 11. • Are there + any + plural noun ... ? Are there any students in class?Also,• Are there + cardinal number + plural noun ... ?Are there five students in class?No, there aren’t• Are there + many + plural noun ... ?Are there many students in class?Yes, there are Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 11
    12. 12. HOW MUCH / HOW MANY?• HOW MUCH + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN ...... ? How much money have you got?• HOW MANY + COUNTABLE PLURAL NOUN ...? How many students are there at school? Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 12
    13. 13. A LOT OF, A FEW, FEW, A LITTLE,LITTLE A Lot of + uncountable noun / countable nounExample : • I have a lot of books • She has a lot of spare time • They have a lot rice • There are a lot of students in the class • He has a lot of shirts • Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 13
    14. 14. A FEW FEW A few several  few not many (beberapa) (sedikit) Use in positive  Use in negative A few + countable noun  few + countable noun Example :  Example : • A few days  • Few people • A few books • Few books • A few friends • Few friends • A few people • Few pencils • Alfin_Bely_Wijayao 14
    15. 15. A LITTLE LITTLEA Little (sedikit) Little not much Use in positive  Use in negative A little + uncountable  little + uncountable noun noun exampleexample • Little time • A little time • Little money • A little money • Little hope • A little wine • Little petrol • A little bred • Alfin_Bely_Wijayab 15
    16. 16.  NOT QUANTITY OF THE  NOT A UNIT OF (THE) Use a negative word before a  Use not a before a unit amount quantity of expression to to indicate few or indicate little or none. none. Optionally, use the Theres not much of the toilet before the noun. paper left. / Little of the toilet  Theres not a lot of toilet paper paper is left. (some)=masih ada left. (some) beberapa  Not a sheet of toilet paper is Not any of the toilet paper is left. (0 pieces)=tidak ada sama left. (no amount) sekali None of the toilet paper is left.  Not a one/ a bit/ a piece is left. one (pronoun) – refers to sheet o Alfin_Bely_Wijayae 16
    17. 17.  EACH  EACH OF Each is followed by a singular  Each of is followed by a plural noun and singular verb. Each noun but a singular verb. Each takes the place of a determiner of is commonly followed by a (the, his, her, their, your) determiner or possessive Each runner is taking his place pronoun (the, his, her, their, at the start line of the race. your) Each person wants to succeed.  Each of the runners is taking his (preferred) place at the start line of the race. Each of my runners …  Each of the persons wants to succeed. Each of the people wants to succeed. Alfin_Bely_Wijayae 17
    18. 18. A NUMBER OF THE NUMBER OF A number of means  The number of states a quantity, several. When a verb follows an exact or inexact amount. When this phrase, it is plural. a verb follows this phrase, it is singular: is (equals, has risen, has A number of hula hoops are decreased, has increased) pink.  The number of hula hoops is We saw a number of hula fifteen. hoops. (several)  We saw the number of hula A number of hula hoops have hoops. disappeared. (are missing)  The number of hula hoops has increased. i Alfin_Bely_Wijayaa 18
    19. 19. Otheradjective Pronoun Singular  Singular  another book (is)  another (is)  The other book (is)  The other (is) Plural  Plural  other books /others(are)  other (are)  The other books (are)  The other (are) T Alfin_Bely_Wijayaa 19
    20. 20. example The students in the class come from many countries. One of the students is from Mexico. Another students is from Japan. Other is from Egypt. Another students is from Japan… (adj) Other is from Egypt… (pronoun) O Alfin_Bely_Wijayap 20
    21. 21. http://khoaanh.hcmup.edu.vn/projects/tilt2008/3C05/Bich.Thu_Thien.Huong/My%20Web%20Sites/index.htmBy”ALFIN NURFITRIYANIBELLY PROFILYANTIWIJAYA JUSTIAN WAlfin_Bely_WijayaI 21
    22. 22. Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 22
    23. 23. Alfin_Bely_Wijaya 23