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Conditional Sentences

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Brief summary of the grammar topics we have discussed last week in class

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Conditional Sentences

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences
  2. 2. Conditional Sentences <ul><li>Composed by 2 parts </li></ul><ul><li>one that expresses the condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced by the word “ if ”, commonly known as “if clause”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>one that expresses the consequence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: If you work hard, you will succeed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There are 3 main types of conditional patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern A : probable condition </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern B : improbable condition </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern C : imaginary condition </li></ul>Conditional Sentences
  4. 4. Pattern A : Probable Condition <ul><li>Used for actions which are true or likely to happen </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains tomorrow, we shall cancel the picnic. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be tired if you do a lot of exercises. </li></ul><ul><li>Note on pattern A: </li></ul><ul><li>If + present tense, future tense </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pattern B : Improbable Condition <ul><li>Used for present or future activities which are improbable or unlikely to happen </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If it rained tomorrow, we should stay at home. </li></ul><ul><li>You could start dinner if it were ready. </li></ul><ul><li>Note on Pattern B: </li></ul><ul><li>if + past tense, would/should + verb </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pattern C : Imaginary Condition <ul><li>Used for impossible activities which could NOT be true or performed </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If it had rained yesterday, I would have stayed at home. </li></ul><ul><li>What would you have done if you had been attacked by a monster? </li></ul><ul><li>Note on Pattern C: </li></ul><ul><li>if + past perfect, perfect conditional </li></ul><ul><li>“ Should/would + present perfect tense” is called perfect conditional. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exercise <ul><li>Try to distinguish the following sentences (pattern A,B or C). </li></ul><ul><li>1. If you take a taxi, you can get there in time for the play. </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern A Probable B Probable C </li></ul><ul><li>2. If I had known your arrival, I should have met you. </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern A Probable B Probable C </li></ul><ul><li>3. If I dropped this bomb, it would explode . </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern A Probable B Probable C </li></ul>
  8. 8. Summary <ul><li>Conditional sentences are composed by 2 parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one that expresses the condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one that expresses the consequence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 main types of conditional patterns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern A : Probable Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern B : Improbable Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern C : Imaginary Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct conditional sentences according to different situations </li></ul></ul>The End

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